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Zika Virus - Crossref

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Last Updated: 09 August 2022

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Houston Health Department’s response to the threat of Zika virus

Goal This session will discuss the role of the Houston Health Department in the City of Houston's reaction to Zika's outbreak. IntroductionZika virus spread quickly throughout South and Central America in 2015. Thepanelists will provide insight into lessonslearned and strategic triumphs. In December of 2015, the City of Houston reported its first travel-related Zika infections in December. In addition, the City initiated the Incident Command Structure and appointed the Public Health Authority as the Incident Commander; expand surveillance efforts; and distributed DEET to mothers via the WIC program; and the City's Zika defense initiative was led by the Houston Health Department.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7686


Zika Virus Speed and Direction: Reconstructing Zika Introduction in Brazil

Introduction of Zika virus disease outbreak in Brazil using data on confirmed Zika virus disease outbreaks in 67 countries around the world and in 46 countries or territories in the Americas. Due to the increase in microcephaly cases and other medical disorders reported in Brazil, the World Health Organization announced a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016. The risk of local transmission in unaffected areas is unknown, but it is also relevant in areas with effective Zika vectors and the additional challenges of sexual transmissionand population mobility are present. The municipalities' centroids were taken in meters from the Brazilian Ministry of Health and used to perform a surface trend analysis. Surfacetrend is a spatial interpolation technique used to estimate continuoussurfaces from point data. According to figures from other reporting agencies, Zika had been reported in 316 of the country's 5564municipalities, each representing 26 states, with six additional municipalities identifying 26 states. The municipalities in the Northeast andNorth areas had the slowest speeds, while those in the Central-West and Southeast regions had the fastest speeds.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7709


Monitoring for Local Transmission of Zika Virus using Emergency Department Data

Introduction (introduction) The first travel-associated Zika virus infections in New Yorkork City were identified in January 2016. The timely detection of local Zika virus transmission can aid public health services and minimize the outbreak of the disease. In June 2016, Medsafe was conducted in two Zika syndromes and spatio-temporal clusters of locally-acquired Zika virus disease in patients, respectively with 1 feverand 2 Zika-like disease. The maximum spatial cluster size is 200% of observed visits, with the maximum temporal cluster size being 14 days, reflecting the incubation period. N=999. The Zika-like illness syndrome can be used for case finding, and it does not show clusters that require further investigation, such as travel history, Zika testing and diagnosis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7698


Pregnant women with suspected Zika virus infection: A claims data analysis

IMS Health's latest research, MethodsIMS, a healthcare company, compares Zika virus disease prevalence in general and pregnant women with Zika virus disease in particular, in particular found in an IMS healthcare claimsdatabase and the newly established U. S. Zika Pregnancy Registry, which are widely used standard business practice data throughout the healthcare industry. Results in IMS compares patients with both a Zika virus diseasediagnosis and any ICD 10 pregnancy diagnosis to the CDC sample of patients with no laboratory evidence of suspected Zika virus disease in the United States' states and territories, as well as 548 travel-associated cases reported by CDC. According to the 168 pregnant women with apossible Zika virus infection reported in the U. S. Zika PregnancyRegistry as of May 24, 2016, the IMS survey found 577 pregnant women with a potential Zika virus infection in comparison to the 168 pregnant women with apossible Zika virus infection reported in the U. S. Zika PregnancyRegistry as of May 24, 2016. Many of the pregnant women in IMSsample's IMSsample had multiple visits, many in consecutive months, as a result of the Zika virus disease diagnosis. Due to the danger of fetal malformations from the disease, pregnant women are more likely to be tested and diagnosed with a Zika virus infection. As many as 250 of the 577 pregnant women with a possible Zika virus infection had a diagnosis of suspected fetal damage due to a viral disease.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7627


Dengue, Chikungunya & Zika Virus in VA Caribbean HCS, Nov. 2015-Aug. 2016

Invaguation, Chikungunya virus, Zika virus, and Zika virus in VA Caribbean HealthcareSystems started in ZIKV transmission in Puerto Rico, and have all been associated with mosquitoes and have resulted in outbreaks in the Caribbean. VACHS reported the first endemic case of ZIKV infection in December 2015. The latest VACHS epidemiological investigation into laboratory results from November2015 to August 2016 at VACHS was performed by two primary data sources: Due to the increasing ZiKV epidemic, we undertook it all. MethodsDENV, CHIKV, and ZIKV infection surveillance was conducted with ongoing testing and surveillance. Test results from a positive IgM or RT-PCR test were classified as a positive test. Results of all positive ZIKV infections, as well as cases of serial infection, were found on all positive ZIKV infections, as well as cases of serial infection. For CHIKV, it was 0-14%, and ZIKV 0-73%, respectively, with a 0-23% positive range for DENV testing. Patients with serial infections were expected to live in 6 females and 35 males for 63. 5 years. Further, laboratory findings support serial infection with CHIKV and ZIKV, as well as identifying patients with a suspicious cross-reaction between DENV and ZIKV tests in addition. Figure 1: The VA Caribbean Healthcare System Dengue Virus and Zika Virus Demographics and Testing, Nov. 2015-Aug. 2016 - Since the number of ZIKV infections continues to increase, and all three viruses continue to circulate, public health education remains vital.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7680


Georgia’s Rapid Expansion of Mosquito Surveillance in Response to Zika Virus

The World Health Organisation's (WHO) issuedIntroductionZika virus as an international public health emergency on February 1, 2016. WithGeorgia hosting the world's busiest international airport and a subtropical climate that can support the primary Zika virus vector, Aedesaegypti, and a secondary vector, Aedes albopictus, the CDC has designatedGeorgia as a high risk zone for vector transmission. The latest generation of mosquito surveillance and response plans targeting the Zika virus vector have been analyzed by DPH for years 2015 and 2016, including years 2015 and 2016, as well as expanded coverage to areas that had never had previous surveillance targeting the Zika virus vector. According to 2016 results, the geographical distribution of counties undergoing surveillance was mapped using ArcMap 10. 4. 1 for pre and post Zika responses. paraphrasedoutput:Aedesaegyptihas been isolated to just two counties in Georgia, providing a more complete picture of the types of mosquitoes potentially exposed to mosquito-borne disease risks. A low number ofAedes aegypti was reported by Expandedsurveillance in 2016, implying that the primary vector for Zika has been removed by Aedesalbopictus. This may result in a reduced risk of autochthonous transmission of Zika virus in Georgia due to Aedes albopictus u2019affinity for feeding on both humans and animals.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7685


A Syndrome Definition Validation Approach for Zika Virus

IntroductionIntroductionIntroductionIntroductionIntroductionZika virus disease syndrome definition was found in the GUARDIAN surveillance system in 2016. The World Health Organisation has named Zika virus disease syndrome as a global public health emergency. To designate positive Zika cases, we used a probabilityofu226590%. We established the key signs and symptoms contributing to Zika case identification and performed statistical analysis. Results of a board-certified emergency physician's investigation of the false positive and false negative cases along with a sample of true positive and true negative cases. The study with the largest number of Zika cases was based on pregnant women with rash. Conclusions The initial Zika syndrome diagnosis used by the CDC does include similar signs and symptoms as the current CDC case definition, but it also includes additional signs and symptoms such as thirsty/fatigue/generalized fatigue, headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia/muscle pain, and myadenopathy for example. Table 1. While we did not include epidemiological risk factors such as travel to an infected area or contact with an infected person in the syndromedefinitae Zika syndrome definition in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention *Signs and symptoms of Zika syndrome definition:*Signs and symptoms of Zika syndrome definition* In the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention u2019s Zika outbreak definition. u2019s Zika clinical case definition.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7672


Divergent Co-mordibidites of Zika Virus and Microcephaly in Latin America

A pregnant mother having been diagnosed with ZIKV has been warned that the child will be susceptible to congenital disorders as well as Guillain-Barre syndrome. Any of Latin American is feeling the effects of microcephaly at the same time, with Brazil being the most affected by the virus, skewing the results, and making researchers underestimate the effects of microcephaly. I hypothesized that Brazil has been hardest affected by a lack of research into past microcephaly, the addition of a pesticide to the water, and the Brazilian population being more vulnerable to microcephaly. Genetic mutations in the virus strain may have to be investigated by further study, as well as testing the Brazilian population's original risk of genetic microcephaly.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.47611/jsrhs.v6i2.398

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions