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Workers' Compensation - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 27 August 2022

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Collider Bias in Administrative Workers’ Compensation Claims Data: A Challenge for Cross-Jurisdictional Research

Workers claim that workrelated injuries were sufficient to meet a compensability threshold. I use real and simulated claims results to reveal collider bias and issues with methodologies used to account for it in this research. Methods Using Australian claims data, I used a linear regression to determine the relationship between claim rate and mean disability durations in Statistical Areas. Simulated claims that Cox survival studies were used to show how left-censorship can reverse effects. Results The claim rate in a Statistical Area was inversely linked to disability duration, according to studies. Cox regressions with simulated claims data demonstrated how left-censorship can reverse effects. Conclusions Collider bias can significantly influence work disability studies, particularly cross-jurisdictional comparisons. Work disability researchers must address this challenge by using appropriate study designs and analytical methods, as well as considering how interpretation of findings can influence the interpretation of findings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-021-09988-1


Framing the Care of Injured Workers: An Empirical Four-Jurisdictional Comparison of Workers’ Compensation Boards’ Healthcare Policies

The aim of this investigation was to determine how workers may be influenced by U2019 compensation laws relating to musculoskeletal injury care, which could influence the delivery and execution of services for injured employees. What are the various ways in which employeesu2019 compensation policies support and improve the operations of healthcare organizations caring for injured employees? This theme explores how WC policies have helped ensure worker welfare policy's trajectory of care, including standardization of care pathways and the assertion of autonomy in HCPs. Conclusions : This policy report shed light on the various ways in which WC policies influence HCP's day-to-day operations and workers' u2019 trajectories. A better understanding and nuanced portrait of these policies'u2019 effects may help support discussions on future policy changes and inform policy development in other countries.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-021-10021-8


Regional Differences in Time Off Work After Injury: A Comparison of Australian States and Territories Within A Single Workers’ Compensation System

Purpose Time off work due to a workplace injury can vary by compensation scheme. In this review, we compare disability durations by state and territory of residence within a single national workers'u2019 compensation system. System effects observed in previous studies indicate that factors other than compensation system configurations are responsible for system effects. Methods We used crude and adjusted Cox proportional hazards models to compare disability durations by state and territory of residence. Confounders were influenced by factors that could influence disability duration. In both crude and adjusted models, three of the seven states and territories greatly differed from the reference group, New South Wales. Conclusions: Regional causes influence disability duration, which persist with changes for demographic, occupational, financial, insurance type, and injury confounders. The difference in disability duration between compensation plans is likely to be limited to a small amount.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-020-09947-2

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions