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Weight Loss - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 25 April 2022

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Clinical application of intermittent fasting for weight loss: progress and future directions

The most tested intermittent fasting methods include alternate day fasting; the 5:2 diet; and time-restricted feeding. This paper aims to summarize these preliminary findings and provide insight into the effects of intermittent fasting on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in humans. This Research also examines the health of these products and provides some concrete tips for incorporating intermittent fasting diets into everyday life. Intermittent fasting diets are increasingly popular alternatives to traditional weight loss approaches; however, their efficacy and safety are currently uncertain. For brief durations, the three main modes of intermittent fasting lead to modest to moderate weight loss over short periods. Intermittent fasting results are on par with those obtained with traditional dieting techniques.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-022-00638-x


The Relationship Between Percentage Weight Loss and World Health Organization-Five Wellbeing Index (WHO-5) in Patients Having Bariatric Surgery

Purpose The connection between bariatric surgery results and depression remains unclear. Many patients with depression are reluctant to have bariatric surgery due to fears that they may have suboptimal results. The aim of this report was to investigate the relationships between the World Health Organisation-Five Wellbeing Index's baseline and patient weight loss following bariatric surgery. The study found that 45 out of 71 patients with complete WHO-5 information were included in the analysis. The mean score in the WHO-5 Wellbeing Index mean score was 56. 5 16. 8 percent between pre- and 1-year post-surgery, with 30. 0 8. 3%. We found no correlation between %TWL and the WHO-5 Wellbeing Index. Conclusion There was no association between the baseline WHO-5 Wellbeing Index and %TWL 1-year post-bariatric surgery. Patients with low mood or depression need to be evaluated and treated appropriately, but patients with low appetite or depression should not be barred from bariatric surgery solely based on their mood.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06010-2


Effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy vs laparoscopic sleeve + Rossetti fundoplication on weight loss and de novo GERD in patients affected by morbid obesity: a randomized clinical study

Objectives: After surgery, weight loss, and postoperative complications, the goal was to compare sleeve gastrectomy to SG associated with Rossetti fundoplication in terms of de novo gastro-esophageal reflux disease de novo gastroesophageal reflux disease associated with de novo gastroesophageal reflux disease following de novo gastroesophageal reflux disease. Patients with morbid obesity, without signs of GERD, and who were never in therapy with proton pump inhibitors were randomly divided into two groups. Patients with both pre- and postoperative gastroscopy were included in those patients who underwent both pre- and postoperative gastroscopy. The SG + RF's modest weight loss, similar to classic SG at 12-month follow-up, with a much higher result in terms of GERD development. In 4. 3 SG+ RF patients compared to 17. 1% SG patients, PPIs were required in 4. 3% SG+ RF patients one year after surgery, compared to 17. 1% SG patients. Esophagitis was present in 2. 0 percent of SG + RF patients compared to 23. 4% SG patients. Conclusion In preventing de novo GERD, SG + RF seemed to be a more effective alternative to classic SG in preventing de novo GERD.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-05955-8


Antiretroviral Therapy Efficacy Post-Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery: A Case Series of Persons Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Purpose: Human immunodeficiency virus (JR)-related deaths have decreased as a result of advances in antiretroviral therapy, but the incidence of obesity in this population is on the rise. The aim of this research was to find out if bariatric surgery has an HIV virologic failure rate at 12 months post-surgery and to quantify the failure group. Methods and Methods This retrospective case series included adults with HIV progressively suppressed on ART who underwent roux-en-y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy surgery at one of three medical centers within a single academic medical center between 2000 and 2019 at one of three academic medical centers. At 12 months post-surgery, the most notable result was a percentage of patients with ART failure. Conclusion Undergoing bariatric surgery did not raise the virological failure rate in a small group of people living with HIV, and ART non-adherence was associated with virologic failure.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-05956-7


Impact of Vagotomy on Postoperative Weight Loss, Alimentary Intake, and Enterohormone Secretion After Bariatric Surgery in Experimental Translational Models

However, the majority of commonly used surgical procedures have a significant effect on vaping nerve function by breaking the links with the vaping branch. However, weight loss induced by BAL is not long-term. For the first time, we investigated the short- and long-term consequences of combined BAL and VAG using the animal-based translational system, comparing these results with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, as well as sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Before SG, RYGB, BAL, BAL+/ VAG, Wistar rats were fed a high-calorie diet for 8 weeks to cause obesity. BAL alone caused temporal weight reduction after 30 days, which was reversed after 90 days. The enterohormone profile for BAL + VAG was similar to SG and RYGB, but not BAL, but not BAL. After long-term research, VAG and BAL + VAG report weight loss, food intake adjustments, and enterohormone releasing were all relevant factors, but not BAL alone. VAG's use of bariatric procedures for obesity management in clinical practice may increase the success of bariatric interventions for obesity treatment.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-05987-0


Benefits of weight loss programs for breast cancer survivors: a systematic reviews and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Obesity and weight gain have been attributed to poor disease-specific and health-related outcomes in breast cancer survivors. The benefits of weight loss in managing BCS have yet to be articulated, but the benefits of BCS management remain unclear. The aim of this paper is to assess the beneficial effects of weight loss services in randomized controlled trials on BCS. The new study found that diet and exercise supplements resulted in significant changes in body weight. Conclusions This report summarizes the benefits of weight loss services for BCS students. Weight loss services could greatly enhance specific anthropometric outcomes, but not affect biochemical measurements, according to the study. Researchers should tailor weight loss strategies to the BCS' body fat status. To be part of routine survivorship care, it is important to have evidence to back up effective weight loss intervention services' translation into wider-scale implementation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-021-06739-z


Resizing a large pouch after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: comparing the effect of two techniques on weight loss

This research was also done to determine which surgical method for revisional bariatric surgery has superior results in terms of weight loss: sleeve resection of the gastrojejunostomy and gastric pouch, or resection of the gastrojejunostomy with resizing of the pouch and the production of a new anastomosis. Methods Participants in this observational cohort study included patients who underwent revisional BS for insufficient weight loss or weight gain as a result of an enlarged pouch. SGP 14. 5% vs. RGJ 10. 8%, P = 0. 604. Compared to the RGJ method, the SGP technique's average use of surgical disposables was lower than the RGJ one.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-021-08671-z


Can We Benefit from the Preoperative Psychometric Test with Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) to Predict Weight Loss After Sleeve Gastrectomy?

Symptom Checklist 90-Revised by Derogatis is one of the most commonly used measures of psychological instability and anxiety in both clinical and academic settings. After laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, we wanted to determine the predictive value of SCL-90-R subscale scores on postoperative excess weight loss percentage. Patients who underwent primary LSG for morbid obesity and completely completed preoperative SCL-90-R between January 2016 and July 2019 were retrospectively examined. Lower BMI among younger patients and those with preoperative lower BMI raised EWLP at 12th-month, according to a multiple linear regression review. Conclusions Preoperative psychological testing can help anticipate surgical outcomes in the bariatric population. Patients who are expected to lose less weight after surgery are expected to shed less weight after surgery, and patients' weight loss ability can be increased.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-05951-y


BAW: learning from class imbalance and noisy labels with batch adaptation weighted loss

Deep learning has made significant contributions in the field of medical image processing. However, most databases follow a long-tail distribution, meaning that some classes account for the majority of the data, while other classes have only obtained a few samples. The current strategies focus on solving just one of these two problems, such as Focal Loss for class imbalance and mean-absolute error loss function for noisy labels. Its loss weights of confirmed samples are used to inform the direction of network optimization for next batch training. BAW is inexpensive to set up and can be extended to several deep networks to increase accuracy without incurring any additional cost. We review BAW's general natural image dataset, CIFAR-10, and verify it on a large medical image database, ChestX-ray14. Our algorithm can solve the problem of class mismatch and noisy labels at the same time, according to Experiments.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-022-12323-2


Effect of intensive weight-loss intervention on metabolic, ultrasound and anthropometric parameters among patients with obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: an RCT

Background Lifestyle intervention is the mainstay treatment for Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. In north India, we wanted to investigate the success of an intensive weight-loss program for patients with obesity and NAFLD. Methods An intervention and control groups were randomized into intervention and control groups at a tertiary-care hospital, bringing a total of 140 patients with obesity and NAFLD. At baseline and six months, anthropometric data, monitored Attenuation Parameter, Liver Stiffness Parameter, Tested Attenuation Parameter, Organized Attenuation Parameter, and HOMA-IR were measured. Results At T_6, ALT normalized in a significant number of cases in the intervention arm compared to the control arm in a significantly greater number of cases. Twice the number of patients in the intervention arm gained 5% more weight than the control arm. Conclusion The intensive weight-loss program was not effective in improving patients with obesity and NAFLD's treatment results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-022-01111-8

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions