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Weight Loss - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 24 November 2022

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Improving Automatic Piano Transcription by Refined Feature Fusion and Weighted Loss

Automatic Piano Transcription will convert raw audio files into annotated piano rolls. To improve the frame-wise pitch detection, the previous state-of-the-art Onset and Frames framesu201d model chooses to concatenate the output of both onset and offset subtasks with extracted features, which is, however, poor, in our opinion. We found an improved piano transcription model in this paper by doing feature fusion and loss weighting.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-4703-2_4


Predicting Early Weight Loss Failure Using a Bariatric Surgery Outcomes Calculator and Weight Loss Curves

According to a results calculator, weight loss after bariatric surgery can be accurately predicted; however, outliers exist that do not comply with the 1st year post-surgery weight goals. Setting, Patients, and Intent Using a bariatric surgery outcomes calculator developed by the Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative, weight loss after 1 year of surgery was estimated on all patients who underwent primary bariatric surgery at a single-center academic hospital between 2006 and 2015, as well as a documented 1-year follow-up weight was determined. Measures of Performance Weight loss curves were compared to those of high, low, and non-outliers as determined by their measured-to-expected weight loss ratio based on total body weight loss percentage, %. Meantical weight loss for the study group was 39. 1 %u00b1 9. 9 kg, with mean actual weight loss of 39. 7 kg, resulting in a mean O:E 1. 01.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06294-4


Effects of a 4-month active weight loss phase followed by weight loss maintenance on adaptive thermogenesis in resting energy expenditure in former elite athletes

Purpose Despite adaptive thermogenesis being studied as a barrier to weight loss, no studies were conducted in the resting energy expenditure compartment after WL maintenance, although WL maintenance is a trend. The aim of this research was twofold: to see if AT persists after a period of WL maintenance and discovers if AT persists after a period of WL maintenance; and if AT is associated with changes in body composition, hormones, and energy intake. Subjects underwent a 1-year lifestyle change, divided in 4 months of an active WL and 8 months of WL maintenance in 4 months. Groups for AT demonstrated their time-u2013group interaction was discovered between groups. The group with a higher energy conservation showed a lower WL and fat loss as a result of a sub-analysis in the IG, as well as a higher initial EI. Future AT research should consider not only changes in FM and FFM but also the FFM mix.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-022-02951-7


Predictors of Weight Regain and Insufficient Weight Loss According to Different Definitions After Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Retrospective Analytical Study

Conclusions: This report found that preoperative BMI of >45 kg/m2, obstructive sleep apnea, metformin intake, and scores 2 and 3 of fatty liver disease were all associated with WR or IWL.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06322-3


Delayed Gastric Emptying After Sleeve Gastrectomy Is Associated with Poor Weight Loss

Background: Following sleeve gastrectomy, it's difficult to recover weight loss in the long run. Participants with more than 12 months post-SG were classified into both optimal and poor weight loss. Following SG, all patients underwent a liquid contrast barium swallow revealing normal post-surgical anatomy and a protocolized nuclear scintigraphy designed specifically to characterize gastric emptying following SG. Results in the PWL group The %total weight loss in the optimal group was 26. 2 percent compared to 14. 3 % u00b1 8. 8%. PWL had marginally increased gastric emptying half-time 35 min vs 19 min, according to Scintigraphy. PWL's likelihood soared by 16% for every 1-min increase over PWL's top of 21 minutes of GE1/2t. Specifically updated reporting sources describing nuclear scintigraphy are used, and we have shown that nuclear scintigraphy is a simple and reliable diagnostic tool in patients who experience poor weight loss following SG.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06323-2


Combination of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Preoperative Body Mass Index to Predict Weight Loss After Laproscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy in Chinese Patients with Body Mass Index ≥ 32.5 kg/m^2

However, after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy using SNPs, weight loss has not been well investigated. With body mass index >u2265 32. 5 kg/m22. 2, the aim is to anticipate weight loss after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy using obesity-related SNPs and clinical variants in Chinese patients with body mass index u2265 32. 5 kg/m2. Binary logistic regression was used to determine SNPs and clinical variables with predictive value. For clinical variables, SNPs, and their combination, Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted, and comparisons were made between areas within the ROC curve. As the clinical risk score indicated, a Preoperative BMI was calculated. As the cumulative genetic risk score increases, surgical BMI and SNPs were calculated. With no statistical significance, the AUC of CGRS was significantly larger than that of CRS and higher than GRS without statistical significance. Conclusion In Chinese patients with BMI u2265 32. 5 kg/m2 and CRS, GRS and CRS can help determine weight loss success. However, CGRS was more efficient to GRS or CRS alone, but not alone.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06330-3


A Pilot Group-Based Lifestyle Intervention to Promote Weight Loss Among Mexican Immigrants

Following immigration to the United States, Mexican Americans are at a higher risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. 129 overweight/obese Mexican Americans were enrolled in u2019Group COMIDA:u2019. A group-based, culturally adapted lifestyle intervention may be a more cost-effective strategy than individual efforts to change diet among underserved populations, but further steps may be required to raise the intervention's effectiveness in encouraging significant weight loss.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-022-01124-1


Complications Post Abdominoplasty After Surgical Versus Non-surgical Massive Weight Loss: a Comparative Study

Purpose This research aims to investigate the incidence of short- and long-term complications as well as the need for surgical revisions after abdominoplasty for patients following surgical versus non-surgical weight loss techniques. Methods This is a retrospective chart review that included consecutive patients undergoing abdominoplasty for a five-year period, 18 years and older, opting for abdominoplasty after weight loss achieved by bariatric surgery or diet and exercise alone.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06309-0


Aloe vera Treatments Extend the Postharvest Life of Table Grapes by Delaying Weight Loss, Berry Softening, Rachis Browning, and Biochemical Changes

Preharvest AV pulverization improved table grape survival by up to 70% relative humidity for 120 days, according to a report by the present research, who examined the effects of preharvest Aloe vera spraying 1 week before harvest, postharvest AV coating, and their combined use on the quality of table grape during cold storage at 1. 0 u00b1 0. 05 u00b1-t. u00b1 5. 0% relative humidity for 120 d.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-022-00710-w


Heart failure in obesity: insights from proteomics in patients treated with or without weight-loss surgery

Background Obesity is attributed to incident heart failure, but the underlying causes are unclear. Methods We conducted a nested case-control study within the Swedish-Obese-Subjects study by finding 411 cases who had developed HF and matched them with respect to age, sex, weight-loss-surgery, and length of a follow-up with 410 controls who did not have HF. TNFRSF10A*, ST6GAL1, PRCP, MMP12, TIMP1, CCL3, ANG, C1QTNF1, SERPINA5, and GAL-9 were all related to reduced HF risk, as one was related to reduced HF risk: reduced HF risk: LPL. In patients who did not experience weight loss-surgery or remained obese, three proteins, C1QTNF1, FGF-21, and CST3, reflecting dyslipidemia and kidney disease, had a greater correlation with HF in patients with HF. HF in obesity is a disorder of glucose metabolism, matrix restructuring, cardiometabolic hormones, and hemostasis are all potential causes of HF in obesity; three protein biomarkers predicting HF remained obesity-specific.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-022-01194-0

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions