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Background Bariatric surgery causes shifts in gut microbiota that have been shown to influence weight loss and metabolic growth. However, it is also unknown if preoperative gut microbiota composition might influence bariatric surgery's reaction to bariatric surgery. Those patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy were classified as having excess weight loss 1 year after surgery: > 50%EWL and the nonresponder group: 50 percentEWL. Before surgery and three months after bariatric surgery, the gut microbiota diet was analyzed before surgery and three months after bariatric surgery. The diversity report did not reveal any differences between groups before or three months after surgery. Preoperative gut microbiota can influence bariatric surgery results. The ratio between Prevotella-to-Bacteroides ratio could be used as a predictive tool for weight loss course. Patients who underwent successful weight loss showed an improvement in taxa due to beneficial effects on host metabolism early after surgery.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35426398
This study looked at the relationship between sleep disturbance and changes in body composition and weight loss, as well as the mediating role of changes of appetite and food cravings in the Preventing Overweight Intervention, which was randomly assigned one of four diets with different macronutrient compositions. Participants were asked to report their sleep disturbances since their last visit at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, with sleep disturbances reported at baseline and recalling their sleep disturbances since baseline. Our findings revealed that more frequent sleep disturbance during weight loss was linked to an elevated risk of obesity loss during the dietary intervention.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35202470
Objects: Objectives: To determine the success of weight-loss programs on emotional eating among adults with elevated body mass index determining are adults with elevated body mass index, the aim was to assess the effects of weight loss initiatives on emotional health in adults with high body mass index. Results Thirty-one studies were included, representing 1203 participants with mean ages ranging from 21. 8 to 57. 3 years old and BMI 27. 2-43. 5 kg/m 2, with mean ages ranging from 21. 8 to 57. 3 years old and BMI 27. 2-43. 5 kg/m 2 ranging from 21. 8 to 57. 3 years old and BMI 27. 2-43. 5 kg/m 2 ranging from 21. 8 to 57. 3 years old and BMI 27. 2-43. 5 kg/m 2 a The only reported effects were for emotional eating 3-months after-intervention, and on BMI and weight 12-month post-intervention. Conclusions After a year-long journey, interventions have increased emotional intake and weight loss.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35460323
In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, HIV-1 viral suppression, comorbidities, weight loss, and depression among HIV-infected individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy. Objective We investigated the effect of cholecalciferol supplementation on HIV disease risk, HIV-1 viral suppression, comorbidities, body change, and depression among HIV-infected individuals. Participants were randomized to receive either weekly 50,000 IU doses for four weeks followed by daily 2,000 IU of vitamin D3 for four weeks, a matching placebo regimen for four weeks followed by daily doses until 1-year. During the follow-up, 345 people in the vitamin D3 group and 371 in the placebo group died, with no difference in risk between groups, and there was no difference in risk between groups. Vitamin D3 supplementation did not have a positive effect on change in BMI, risk of > 10% weight loss, wasting, comorbidities, and depression after 6 months, but there was no effect on vitamin D3 supplementation.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35460249
Aims Limited data on what preoperative weight loss programs are most effective in improving outcomes of elective, nononcological, gynecological surgery is limited. We sought to identify high quality studies into preoperative weight loss treatments and conduct a systematic review of the literature to help identify areas for reducing gynecological surgical complications and guide future research. Before implementing the Cochrane highly targeted search algorithm, search results were assembled and abstracts of research were reviewed. A minimum of three high-quality randomized control trials was required to synthesize results in connection with the primary outcome for data processing and analysis. Conclusion There are no studies on preoperative weight loss activities in gynecology. The prevalence of obesity among women is on the rise, but precise surgical management options in gynecology remain important, but further study is required.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35451135
According to psychological and behavioral studies, people with loss of control eating who do and do not have objectively high binge episodes find that LOC is more relevant than binge size to psychological and behavioral outcomes. BED trial and higher weight loss was included in a BED therapy trial and completed the Loss of Control Over Eating Scale, the Eating Disorder Examination, and measures of eating habits, mood, and quality of life for people with BED and higher weight. From measured height and weight, the body mass index was calculated. Greater LOC had a greater independent association than binge size, with higher total eating psychopathology, shape dissatisfaction, hunger, food cravings, and food addiction signs. Patients with BED patients with BED, both binge size and degree of LOC are associated with critical psychosocial care targets. Future research will help validate the existing binge episode measurement technique and replicate the present findings in a larger sample.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35449358
Background Lifestyle intervention is the mainstay treatment for Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. In north India, we wanted to investigate the effectiveness of an intensive weight loss treatment for patients with obesity and NAFLD. Methods An intervention and control group at a tertiary-care hospital were randomized into intervention and control groups. At baseline and 6 months, anthropometric data, controlled Attenuation Parameter, Liver Stiffness Measurement, liver enzymes, grade of fatty liver, and HOMA-IR were tested. Results: At T 6, ALT normalized in a significant number of cases in the intervention arm compared to the control arm. The CAP, WC, and CAP showed a significant drop in weight, WC, and CAP. Patients in the intervention arm lost 5% of their weight in comparison to the control arm. Conclusion The intense weight loss program was not successful in reducing the treatment outcomes among patients with obesity and NAFLD.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35444271
Introduction The cost-effectiveness and long-term health benefits of behavioral weight management services are dependent on post-treatment weight loss maintenance. Acceptance and commitment therapy therapies, according to growing evidence, may help with long-term weight control. We will recruit and randomize 60 adults who have recently completed a behavioural weight loss program to the ACT-based intervention or standard care, using a computer-generated sequence with 2:1 allocation stratified by diabetes status and sex. A definitive trial will be used to determine the uncertainty surrounding the intervention's cost-effectiveness and determine the value of a definitive trial. Ethics and dissemination Cambridge South Research Ethics Committee Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval was received by the Cambridge South Ethics Committee on 15/03/2021.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35440459
In a sample of Brazilian oldest adults, the aim of this research is to determine weight loss severity and functional decline in instrumental aspects of daily life for a seven-year span. Of the 167 individuals who were polled with complete information in 2016-2017, 16 had changed their employment and were refused, but the final sample was restricted to 151 participants who maintained or declined functional status. At follow-up to baseline, we considered functional decline when a subject had a greater number of IADL dependentencies at follow-up than at baseline. Results: During the follow-up period, 60. 3% of the participants maintained their weight, 21. 8% experienced modest weight loss, and 17. 9% suffered significant weight loss. In this sample of the oldest old, weight loss was a contributing factor to functional decline, but the full extent of the loss was not significant.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR483789
In New Zealand, high-quality smartphone applications for weight loss were introduced using modeling to assess the health risks, health system costs, cost-effectiveness, and health equity of a mass media campaign to promote high-quality smartphone apps for weight loss. Due to changed disease prevalence, the difference in total health system costs was the net sum of intervention costs and downstream cost offsets. Results Across the remaining lifespan of the simulated 2011 New Zealand population's estimated health gain of 181 quality-adjusted life years and health care costs of NZ $ 606,000. The mean health care spending were negative, representing total savings to the health system. According to the results of this research, the simulated mass media campaign to advertise weight loss apps among the general population is expected to boost per capita health gain for Mori and therefore reduce health risks related to elevated BMI, as it does for non-Mori. Conclusions A modeled mass media campaign to encourage smartphone app use to promote weight loss among New Zealand's adult population is projected to result in improved health and reduced health care spending as a result. Governments may opt to include steps to encourage healthy app use as complementary steps, as other reforms in the nutrition and physical fitness market are even more cost-effective to health and result in larger cost savings.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35438643
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