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Weight Loss - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 24 November 2022

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A cluster-randomized controlled trial of automated internet weight-loss programs in primary care: Role of automated provider feedback.

Target Despite the high prevalence of obesity and related health issues in the United States adult population, no primary care providers have the time and expertise to provide weight-management assistance to their patients. With normal care in patients with overweight or obese, this report intends to compare the effects of referral to a complete automated weight loss program, with or without provider email feedback. In EUC versus IWL + PCP, but not in IWL versus IWL + PCP, but not in IWL versus IWL + PCP.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36416000


Long-term weight loss in a 24-month primary care-anchored telehealth lifestyle coaching program: Randomized controlled trial.

Long-term weight loss can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes for people living with obesity and reducing complications for patients with type 2 diabetes. In a random controlled trial, n = 340 participants with or without type 2 diabetes were recruited and randomly assigned by an automated computer algorithm to an intervention group or a control group. After 24 months mean body weight and body mass index reduction for completers in both groups, the difference was not significant between the two groups -4. 4 kilograms versus -2. 5 kilograms, P = 0. 101. As opposed to normal care, telehealth lifestyle coaching help obese people with and without type 2 diabetes.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36346936


Weight loss via a low-carbohydrate diet improved the intestinal permeability marker, zonulin, in prostate cancer patients.

We investigated the effects of LCD on an IP marker, zonulin, and an inflammation marker, a high sensitivity C-reactive protein, in a pilot study by Carbohydrate and Prostate 2 clinical trial, which revealed that a low-carbohydrate diet reduced weight in men with PC and suggestively slowed PC disease progression. Weight change was notably linked to log change, so the longer the PSADT, the longer the log was active. Conclusions are encouraged to investigate further the possibility of IP with inflammation, as well as finding out if improvement in IP is related to reduced PC progression, as illustrated by the following studies. As shown by the PSA doubling time, intestinal permeability improvement in prostate cancer patients can influence urinary health, including prostate cancer, and may have a role in intestinal permeability.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35486445


Skinny Genes' Six-week, Online, Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques Program: Durable Weight Loss and Improved Psychological Symptoms.

Objective The study found that Skinny Genes, a six-week online program extending EFT to emotional eating, was linked to behavioral change and weight loss. The results of a random sample of participants enrolling in an online weight loss program were evaluated by a pre-post result study. The usage of food with honor was determined using the Revised Restraint Scale; the association of food with reward was determined using the Power of Food Scale; and anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The perceived value of food has declined dramatically as did restraint habits, which led to a change in the perception of food. Conclusions: The results are consistent with those of other clinical trials looking at the benefits of EFT for weight loss, showing simultaneous decreases in both weight and psychological stress. On the follow-up, the continued weight loss was consistent with other EFT studies but it was counter to the pattern of weight gain observed in the literature.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35476748


Mental health and quality of life during weight loss in females with clinically severe obesity: a randomized clinical trial.

Women, sixty premenopausal women, were randomly assigned either energy restriction only or exercise plus energy restriction for a year as part of the EMPOWER study for women, sixty premenopausal women were randomly assigned either to electricity restriction only or maximum energy restriction for 12 months. Using the Beck Depression Inventory II, depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory II, and anxiety using the Spielberger state and trait anxiety questionnaire, health-related quality of life was assessed using the SF-36, depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory II. At all follow-up time points in the EXER group, within-group changes for BDI scores were boosted. When compared to energy restriction only, exercise training provides an additional benefit to energy restriction in the absence of additional weight loss at 12 months for health-related quality of life, depressive symptoms, and state and trait anxiety scores in comparison to energy restriction only. Exercise can improve mental stability without causing any weight loss for women with significant obesity.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36414833


Efficacy of Supplemental Diet Gels for Preventing Postoperative Weight Loss in Mice ( Mus musculus ).

The mice were divided into three groups that received moistened chow pellets alone or with one of two commercially available diet gels. Body weights of mice who received both moistened chow and diet gel differed from baseline only on days 2 and 3 for one product, and were never different from baseline values for the other product. After a laparotomy procedure in mice, this combination of diet gel and moistened chow prevented or minimized postoperative weight loss.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36410729


Weight Loss and Exercise Effects on Rate of Torque Development and Physical Function in Overweight Older Women.

Lower extremity physical fitness in older overweight women can be improved by exercise training and weight loss, but the effects on torque development are unknown. This research was designed to determine whether WL + EX or WL alone has an effect on RTD, and subsequently, LEPF in overweight older women. Compared to WL, EX + WL resulted in higher gains in all LEPF and RTD200, as compared to WL; no other RTD parameters differed;.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36410339


Effects of acute sleep loss on leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin in adults with healthy weight and obesity: A laboratory study.

Objectives This review looked at whether acute total sleep deprivation affects leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin levels in a sex- and weight-specific manner. Conclusions After sleep deprivation, leptin fasting levels were lower, while ghrelin and adiponectin were higher. Following sleep loss, leptin and adiponectin were more prominent among women. In addition, the ghrelin rise was greater among people with obesity following sleep loss, and not among those with obesity after sleep loss. If persistently suffering over prolonged periods of sleep loss, increased blood counts of ghrelin and adiponectin may lead to weight gain.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36404495


Serum TSH, 25(OH) D and phosphorus levels predict weight loss in individuals with diabetes/prediabetes and morbid obesity: a single-center retrospective cohort analysis.

Objectives: To determine if vitamin D and thyroid-stimulating hormone are related to weight loss in patients with diabetes/prediabetes and Class II/III obesity. We stratified the patients based on WL% percentages as the majority of obesity management trials determine success as 'at least 10% of WL compared to baseline. ' During the final visit, Group 1 lost 45% of body weight, Group 2 lost 10% body fat, and Group 3 gained weight by the third visit. However, if patients with autoimmune thyroiditis were excluded from the study, the decrease in TSH levels was not statistically significant. TSH predictivity in this cohort seems to be a result of thyroid autoimmunity, which is an increasing incidence. Greater WL% is attributed to greater phosphorus within the reference range and a high vitamin D status.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36401211


TikTok: a far-reaching opportunity for health professionals to address weight loss.

Objectives According to recent studies, weight loss strategies can be more effective in reducing the obesity epidemic that has been linked to type two diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and asthma, as well as poor psychological stability. This research sought to investigate the content and characteristics of 100 of the most popular TikTok videos related to weight loss. The number of forwards was greatly influenced by videos describing health and speed of weight loss, while those that related to recipes and how to lose weight had a significant effect on the number of comments. Conclusions The results show that further study is required to clarify the success of social media in influencing weight loss, as well as how they can support traditional health promotion and behaviour changes for weight loss.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36402089

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions