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Waste - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 27 September 2022

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Performance and Emission Studies of Waste Vegetable Oil as Blends with Diesel and Kerosene—An Economic Route for Valorizing Liquid Waste

After blending with various petroleum fuels, vegetable oils or their transesterified forms are used in the diesel engine. Waste vegetable oil, a well-known liquid waste, has potential in this regard. WVO-kerosene blends had lower BSFC and higher BTE than diesel-kerosene blends, as shown by lower BSFC and higher BTE than diesel-kerosene blends. With the addition of WVO in the fossil fuels, a rise in NO_x emission was observed. The overall fuel price was reduced by mixing WVO with fossil fuels. WVO-kerosene blends can result in a 22 percent discount in total price when compared to similar WVO-diesel blends.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-8274-2_7


Medical Waste Management in the Gaza Strip

This paper discusses the latest list and medical waste management strategy, giving a detailed outline of the new list and medical waste management strategy. The study concluded that the system followed in the Gaza Strip is one of the world's most prestigious reports. The report found that many techniques and tasks to be carried out in future days, such as training employees inside health care facilities, whether they are doctors, nurses, or employees, on how to cope with medical waste.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08954-1_38


Effect of Partial Replacement of Cement by Waste Sludge from Water Supply Plant on Compressive Strength and Water Absorption of Hardened Concrete

The effect of partial replacement of cement by wastewater sludge from water supply plant on compressive strength and water absorption of hardened concrete was investigated in this report in order to determine future use of such waste for concrete production. The results showed that the waste sludge increased the slump of fresh concrete when the concrete mixture proportions remained stable, which led to a slump of fresh concrete. Concrete sludge replaced with partial cement in a variety of ten to thirty percent by waste sludge in a range of 10 to 30 percent reduced the compressive strength of hardened concrete by 15. 10 percent when compared to the reference concrete at the age of 28 days. Consequently, replacing 10% of cement with the sludge for concrete production was beneficial in terms of not only reducing carbon dioxide pollution from cement production and utilizing the waste sludge from the water supply plants toward sustainable growth, but also improved sustainability in terms of ensuring planned slump, compressive strength, and water absorption at the age of 28 days.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-3303-5_35


A Study on Thermal Conductivity Characteristics of Waste Marble Powder/Epoxy Composites Using Different Models

During marble stone processing, a substantial amount of waste marble powder is produced. This paper explores the use of WMP as a filler material in epoxy-based composites to increase the thermal conductivity. Following a theoretical, experimental, and computational model, the thermal conductivity of WMP-filled epoxy composite composites is investigated. By the addition of WMP in epoxy composites, the composites' thermal conductivity was found to have been enhanced.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-9057-0_62


Automatic Waste Segregation System: An IOT Approach

In today's world, the bulk of people use separate garbage cans for recyclable and non-recyclable garbage, especially in countries like India, where the overwhelming majority of people do not use separate trash cans for recyclable and non-recyclable garbage. We've achieved the same results with IOT by sending the images to the cloud to perform analysis and return the classified output to the bin's controller and instruct it to place the garbage in the appropriate container. We also sent the usage data to the cloud to analyze the bin usage and deploy it in a Web app to display the live status.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-0095-2_60


Microscopic Investigation on Interfacial Transition Zone in Fly Ash Cement Hydrates Using Roof-Tile Waste Aggregate

Previous studies showed that internal curing with roof-tile waste aggregate can increase the strength reduction in fly ash concrete by increasing the concrete's strength by improving internal curing. In the interfacial transition zone around coarse aggregate, the aim of this research is to determine the effect of internal curing in the FAC by investigating the range of the internal curing effects with RWA in the interfacial transition zone around coarse aggregate. Vickers' hardness in the paste specimen and the concrete specimen's compressive strength were investigated. As a result, the Vickers' hardness improvement around RWA varied as a result of the replacement ratio of fly ash.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-3303-5_45


Food Waste Management and Nutrient Recycling in a Sustainable Way—A Review

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Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-3931-0_12


Using Tire Reclaim for Production of Rubber Wheels of Waste Containers

This paper explores the use of vulcanized rubber waste in the formulations of general-purpose rubber compounds for the manufacturing of waste container wheels. Two types of rubber: rubber crumb and tire reclaim, and tire reclaim were carried out in a comprehensive comparative study, using the common rubber compound for the manufacturing of waste container wheels.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-14125-6_17


Utilization of Waste Incineration Bottom Ash as Fine Aggregate in the Production of Terrazzo Tiles for Pavement

Many researchers around the world have been fascinated by the conversion of solid waste materials into useful building products. This paper investigated the possibility of using spent incineration bottom ash from local incineration plants in the manufacture of terrazzo tiles for pavement. However, all of the terrazzo tiles regardless of the IBA's content were labelled Type-I, which is the highest quality of terrazzo tiles for external use, according to TCVN 7744:2013 and is the highest quality of terrazzo tiles for exterior use. Using IBA as a fine aggregate, research findings showed even more promise in manufacturing terrazzo tiles using IBA as a fine aggregate.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-3303-5_49

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions