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Last Updated: 22 April 2022

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Vitamin D supplementation and postoperative atrial fibrillation

Vitamin D, a key vitamin that has hormone-like properties in the human body, is a common vitamin. Vitamin D is a form of vitamin D that can be activated. Activated vitamin D, apoptosis, cellular membrane transport, immune system, and genetic ageing can be influenced by genes. Several studies have been published on the correlation between vitamin D and PoAF. Although there are studies indicating that vitamin D supplementation reduces cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in various research groups, there have also been studies demonstrating that it has no effect on clinical outcomes.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jocs.16543


Association of vitamin K with cognitive decline and neuropathology in community‐dwelling older persons

Supplementation of vitamin K has been correlated with improved cognitive function, suggesting a vitamin K mechanistic effect or simply reflective of a healthy diet. In 325 decedents of the Rush Memory and Aging Project, vitamin K and dementia were tested in four brain regions, and their correlations with cognitive and neuropathological findings were estimated.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/trc2.12255


Vitamin D ameliorates asthma‐induced lung injury by regulating HIF‐1α/Notch1 signaling during autophagy

Abstract Weighing After autophagy, we investigated the effect of vitamin D and its related mechanisms on asthma-induced lung injury by regulation of HIF1-1/Notch1 signaling during autophagy. LC 3B expression in lung tissues was determined by immunofluorescence, whereas western blotting and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze other proteins, including HIF1 and Notch1. Pathological lung tissue deterioration, elevated fibrosis, increased apoptosis cell counts, and upregulated autophagy were all found in the asthma model group compared to the normal group. Vitamin D reduced asthma-induced lung tissue injury by lowering autophagy by the control of HIF1/Notch1 signaling in vivo.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fsn3.2880


Darier disease successfully treated with a topical agent containing vitamin A (retinyl palmitate), vitamin E, and urea

Darier disease, also known as keratosis follicularis, is an autosomal dominant hereditary keratinization disorder that manifests as keratotic papules with plaques in seborrheic areas. For a patient with DD, we report the effectiveness of a topical over-the-counter drug that contains retinyl palmitate, vitamin E, and urea. Retinyl palmitate is more stable and has a lower irritative profile than other retinoic acid retinoic acids, with a less irritative profile. Reretinyl palmitate cannot penetrate the skin as well as retinol can. Vitamin E, according to some studies, has an increased biological avacity of vitamin A and that urea aids in mechanical percutaneous drug delivery. When mixed with vitamin E and urea, our study reveals that retinyl palmitate has a potent therapeutic effect. We conclude that topical agents containing retinyl palmitate, vitamin E, and urea may have a beneficial effect on DD patients' skin lesions, despite the risks of adverse outcomes.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1346-8138.16395


Molecular marketing, personalised information and willingness‐to‐pay for functional foods: Vitamin D enriched eggs

Consumers' willingness to pay for health care according to studies proving that people have perfect details on the benefits of the enrichment and that their assessments are purely dependent on whether or not they want to improve their health. Although health products are targeted at people at increased risk of disease, consumers may be unaware of the health risks they face, limiting the efficiency of a generic targeting strategy. We investigate the effect of two main variables on the WTP for vitamin D enrichment in eggs using an orthogonal experimental scheme: whether the details are person-specific or generic; and the presence of a health claim describing the vitamin D enrichment. Although we only see the effect of generic studies on the WTP for vitamin D enrichment, personal reports can also raise the likelihood of vitamin D deficiency.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1477-9552.12489


Effect of vitamin D on oxidative stress and serum inflammatory factors in the patients with type 2 diabetes

However, T2DM patients have lower vitamin D and GSH levels than normal people. In T2DM patients, a random controlled trial was conducted to see the effects of the vitamin D supplementation on oxidative stress and inflammatory factors. A total of 178 T2DM patients were randomly selected, 92 patients were treated with regular care, and 86 patients in the Vitamin D group received extra vitamin D 400 IU per day in comparison to regular therapy. We discovered that the T2DM group has significantly higher MCP1 and IL-8 levels than those in the healthy donor group. The concentration of MCP1 increased from 2. 84 0. 8 to 5. 76 13. 06 pg/ml after vitamin D supplementation for 90 days, and T2DM patients' IL-8 decreased from 42. 21 21. 76 to 16. 05 pg/ml, as shown by a 2 fold increase in GSH levels from 2. 72 20. 76 13. 06 8. 06 8. 10 8. 09 pg/ml.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcla.24430


Vitamin D supplementation for irritable bowel syndrome: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

Background and Aim The common and complicated gastrointestinal disorder is characterized by persistent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. A correlation has been found between serum vitamin D levels and IBS symptoms in observational studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the clinical effects of vitamin D supplementation on IBS symptom severity and quality of life measures. Continuous data were pooled with standardized mean difference using the DerSimonian and Laird's random effects scheme. In the meta-analysis, a total of 685 patients from eight research were included. With a SMD of 0. 77, Vitamin D supplementation significantly improved IBS symptoms severity scale scores. IBSQoL scores were also increasing, but not statistically significant. Conclusions Vitamin D supplementation may be included in our medical arsenal when treating IBS patients due to its potential safety and high safety profiles.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jgh.15852


Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism influence on lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration

Intervertebral disc degeneration is a multifaceted pathology that is the most common morphological cause of lower back pain. The aim of this research was to determine a correlation between vitamin D receptor gene single nucleotide polymorphisms and degenerative processes of the lumbar spine. The complete lumbar spinal columns were obtained from 100 Caucasian cadavers by ventral dissection. Overall, Boos' overall score in the study group was 12. 49. There were no significant differences in overall histological degeneration scores among donors of different genotypes, no significant differences were found in overall histological degeneration scores. ApaI's posterior inner fibrosus was discovered in subgroup analysis of specific regions on the IVD. The findings of this research suggest that one must be extra cautious when interpreting the findings of the clinical and/or radiological studies on vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and lumbar spine degeneration risk because such a connection, if present, is likely to be small.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ca.23877


Development of Risk Prediction Model for Grade 2 or Higher Hypocalcemia in Bone Metastasis Patients Treated with Denosumab plus Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)/Ca Supplement

This research was designed to establish a risk prediction system for grade 2 or higher hypocalcemia within 28 days after the first denosumab dose under natural vitamin D/Ca supplementation. 2,399 bone metastasis patients who were treated with denosumab between June 2013 and May 2020 were retrospectively reviewed using a large database of multicenter practice records. Patients with grade 2 or higher hypocalcemia within 28 days after the first denosumab dose were administered and those who did not were compared by univariate analysis were compared to univariate analysis. Patients in the hypocalcemia group and 1,191 patients in the non-hypocalcemia group were extracted, leaving a total of 124 patients in the hypocalcemia group and 1,191 patients in the non-hypocalcemia group. This model appears to be able to predict the risk of denosumab-induced hypocalcemia in patients with bone metastases, and therefore could be helpful in the risk assessment of denosumab therapy in patients with bone metastases.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcph.2057


Vitamin A fortification: Recent advances in encapsulation technologies

Vitamin A deficiency is a common health issue in several regions around the world, and it is also a common health concern. The entire amount of vitamin A in the human diet is often less than half of the recommended dietary intake of about 900–1000 g/day for a healthy adult. In addition, a significant amount of vitamin A may be degraded during food processing, storage, and distribution, thus decreasing its bioactivity. Lastly, the vitamin A in several foods has a particularly low bioavailability, which further reduces its effectiveness. Vitamin A deficiency has been suggested by the World Health Organisation fortification of foods and beverages as a safe and cost-effective way of combating vitamin A deficiencies. In order to ensure the food is palatable and raise its bioavailability, policies are needed to evenly disperse the vitamin throughout food matrices to prevent its chemical degradation, and minimize adverse reactions with any other food components.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1541-4337.12941

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions