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Vasculitis - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 27 August 2022

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Observing the initial onset of retinal vasculitis as unilateral Birdshot Retinochoroiditis becomes bilateral: A case report

Retinochoroiditis is unusual but distinct form of bilateral posterior uveitis. Observations: Despite being classified as a bilateral disorder, our patient had clinical signs that were consistent with unilateral BRC. The macula's choroidal thickness should be examined for second-eye involvement with multi-modal imaging, including fundus photography, angiography, electroretinography, and optical coherence tomography with a strong emphasis on the choroidal thickness.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2022.101593


Oral Microbiota Profile in Patients with Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody‚ÄďAssociated Vasculitis

In AAV, little is known about the role of oral microbiota. The presence of IgG antibodies in 53 oral bacterial species/subspecies were tested by immunoblotting in plasma/serum in pre-symptomatic AAV-individuals, matched controls, and established AAV-patients in this research. Saliva microbiota from acute-AAV and controls was sequenced from 16s rDNA amplicons. In established AAV versus pre-AAV and controls, IgG levels against oral bacteria were lower than those that control. Pre-AAV samples revealed a greater number of periodontitis-related species paralleling more signs of periodontitis in adult AAV-patients than controls, particularly in younger AAV-patients than controls. Saliva microbiota in acute-AAV demonstrated greater within-sample variation but less observable amplicon-sequence variants and taxa in their core microbiota than controls. The IgG profiles against oral bacteria differed between pre-AAV, established AAV, and controls, as well as microbiota profiles between acute AAV and controls in conclusion.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10081572


Vascular and Vasogenic Manifestations of Systemic ANCA-Associated Vasculitis with Renal Involvement in Non-Contrast Brain MRI in Patients with Acute Disease Onset

There are no reports on central nervous system changes in ANCA-associated vasculitis with renal involvement. The aim of the study was to determine vascular and vasogenic brain changes in patients with acute onset of AAVR and the use of non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging techniques in this condition. The study included thirty-eight patients with acute onset of AAVR in the beginning. In 94 percent of patients, the vainogenic white matter lesions were found in 94 percent of patients, and SWAN was significantly higher than the FLAIR test. In patients with acute onset of systemic ANCA-associated vasculitis with renal involvement, vascular and vasogenic changes in the CNS are common.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11164863


Kawasaki Disease-like Vasculitis Facilitates Atherosclerosis, and Statin Shows a Significant Antiatherosclerosis and Anti-Inflammatory Effect in a Kawasaki Disease Model Mouse

Kawasaki disease is a severe case of systemic vasculitis that can cause atherosclerosis in adulthood. After CAWS injection in all groups, except the late-statin group, which was administered statin internally six weeks after injection, statin was launched. The aorta was diagnosed with Oil Red O. S. and Lipid plaque lesions on the aorta. The long-term oral administration of statin has significantly reduced not only atherosclerosis but also inflammatory cell infiltration. Therefore, statin therapy may be used for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease during the persistent course of KD.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10081794


Case report: Lympho-histiocytic meningoencephalitis with central nervous system vasculitis of unknown origin in three dogs

Meningoencephalitis of unknown origin is a umbrella term for a number of subtypes of meningoencephalitis of dogs and cats with no specific infectious agent. The following case series includes three dogs with peracute to acute signs of encephalopathy. In T2weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and reduced signal intensity in T1w, magnetic resonance imaging of two dogs revealed extensive, diffuse swelling of the cortical grey matter with increased signal strength in T2weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and reduced signal strength. In addition, the cerebellum of one dog was seen in multiple dogs and caudal transforaminal herniation was observed in one dog. In all dogs, lympho-histiophytic encephalitis and central nervous system vasculitis were found by a postmortem histopathological examination. In addition, two dogs were tested negative for rabies virus. This is the first report of a lympho-histiocytic encephalitis with CNS vasculitis with no specific infectious agent, according to the authors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.944867


Cutaneous vasculitis and vasculopathy in the era of COVID-19 pandemic

Cutaneous vasculitides refer to a heterogeneous group of clinicopathological diseases, which may appear as single-organ vasculitis of the skin or as a skin-limited variant of systemic vasculitis, and can be triggered by a variety of conditions, including infections, drugs, and vaccines. Various vaping-related skin diseases, including vasculitis, have plagued us with a variety of both disease- and vaccine-related skin disorders, including vasculitis. In just a minority of cases, mostly severe/critical COVID-19 patients, the result of endothelial injury due to pauci-immune thromboembolic mechanisms, Vasculopathy without true vasculitic changes on his histology develops, primarily inpatient COVID-19 patients, and it seems to be the result of endothelial injury.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.996288


Serum glycated albumin as a predictive biomarker for renal involvement of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis in non-diabetic patients

Methods The medical records of 118 immunosuppressive drug-nau00efve AAV patients were retrospectively reviewed, and 76 patients with both GA and glycecated haemoglobin results, but not DM, were included in this research, although not DM. Patients with end-stage renal disease had a greater chance of GA than those without ESRD. Patients with GA vs. ESRD diagnosis were a significant risk of ESRD formation in Atlanta u2265 14. 2 percent in comparison to others without. In addition, AAV patients with GA's U2265 14. 25% had significantly lower cumulative ESRD-free survival rates than those without. Conclusion In conclusion, GA at diagnosis can represent the cross-sectional BVAS assigned to renal manifestations of AAV and predict ESRD formation in AAV patients, which is better than HbA1c or GA/HbA1c in AAV patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-022-02913-5


Combined modality PET/MR for the detection of severe large vessel vasculitis

All patients with LVV who underwent PET/MR at our hospital between January 2015 and January 2021 were found by a retrospective analysis. When positive PET or positive MR findings were considered a good scan, LVV patients with severe disease in comparison to the number of positive scans in non-severe patients pts.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41824-022-00136-3


CX3CL1-induced CD16+ monocytes extravasation in myeloperoxidase-ANCA-associated vasculitis correlates with renal damage

In this study, Methods30 MPO-AAV patients with renal impairment and 22 healthy controls were enrolled. However, how human monocyte subsets extravasate to the kidney in MPO-AAV patients with renal damage is unclear. Resulta Compared to controls, MPO-ANCA's effect on CD16+ monocyte migration to human glomerular endothelial cells was demonstrated by flow cytometry and transwell migration assay. Conclusions Compared to controls, CD16+ monocytes were significantly reduced in the blood and increased in the glomerular endothelial cells of MPO-AAV patients with renal damage. Finally, the percentage of CD16+ monocytes in the blood was positively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate and negatively correlated with urinary protein creatinine ratio in MPO-AAV patients with renal damage, according to the researchers. Enhanced extravasation of CD16+ monocytes to the kidneys by the CX3CR1 axis may have resulted in renal damage in MPO-AAV's renal tissues, according to MPO-AAV's renal damage.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2022.929244


Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis Syndrome Masquerading as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report

The HUVS and Systemic Lupus erythematosus overlap, and the criteria for identifying HUVS as a distinct entity from SLE are unclear. Despite the diagnostic criteria set by Schwartz et al. , differentiation from SLE is often difficult, especially because patients often meet the American College of Rheumatology's classification criteria. Kidney involvement with glomerulonephritis can result in end-stage renal disease with the need for kidney transplantation. Acute laryngeal edema can cause death in other situations. We present a case of a 40-year-old female with severe odynophagia, acute bronchitis, and acute kidney injury due to contrast-related injury and cardiorenal syndrome.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000525942

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions