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Type 2 Diabetes - PLOS

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Last Updated: 09 June 2022

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The relationship between medical comorbidities and health-related quality of life among adults with type 2 diabetes: The experience of different hospitals in southern Bangladesh

"This research sought to determine the prevalence of medical comorbidities and determine the relationship between comorbidities and HRQoL among type 2 diabetic patients of southern Bangladesh type 2 diabetic patients. " Quality of life was measured using the widely used EQ-5D system, which evaluates 243 different health states and uses a scale in which 0 indicates a health state equivalent to death and 1 indicates optimal health status. In all five dimensions of the EQ-5D index, patients with three comorbidities and four or more comorbidities had a higher risk of reporting a u201d or u201d disease issueu201d or u201d in both directions. The presentation of comorbidities in relation to HRQoL of diabetics with diabetes should be considered for type 2 diabetes management tools in order to raise diabetes awareness and improved disease control.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0267713


Association of C-peptide and lipoprotein(a) as two predictors with cardiometabolic biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes in KERCADR population-based study

"We wanted to link serum Lipoprotein and C-Peptide levels as two predictors of cardiovascular biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. " This nested case-control study was carried out on 253 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus and control from the second phase of the KERCADR cohort study. The plasma Atherogenic Index of Plasma significantly decreased in case-male participants, and the plasma Castelli Risk Index II level significantly elevated in control-male participants with the highest dichotomy of Lipoprotein. With the highest dichotomy of C-Peptide, the plasma Atherogenic Index of Plasma in case-female participants markedly elevated. With elevated cardiometabolic biomarkers, raised serum C-peptide over raised Lipoprotein can be a leading predictor of cardiovascular disease risk in healthy individuals and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Reducing raised Lipoprotein levels to less than 30ng/ml and tighter control of low density lipoprotein cholesterol may be the most effective way to avoid coronary artery disease risk. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268927


Integrating polygenic risk scores in the prediction of type 2 diabetes risk and subtypes in British Pakistanis and Bangladeshis: A population-based cohort study

"Genes & Wellbeing is a large, population study of British Pakistanis and Bangladeshis that includes genomic and medical information. " We investigated the extent to which BPB and European populations had the same genetic risk for T2D. We then investigated whether the combination of a polygenic risk score for T2D with an existing risk software could help with risk prediction and disease classification. Methods and findings: We investigated whether common genetic loci associated with T2D in EUR individuals were replicated in 22,490 BPB patients in G&H as part of an observational cohort study. In a new, integrated risk tool to determine incident diabetes risk, we developed a T2D PRS and combined it with a clinical risk instrument. Despite the absence of clinical evidence of insulin secretion or resistance, the Probable Severe Insulin Deficient Diabetes subgroup in this cluster analysis found a Probable Severe Insulin Deficient Diabetes subgroup. A T2D PRS optimized for this high-risk BPB group has potential clinical use in BPB, increasing the risk of T2D on top of an established clinical risk algorithm and assisting in the identification of subgroups at diagnosis, which may be helpful in future efforts to stratify care and treatment of the disease. We show that a T2D PRS optimized for this high-risk BPB population has the potential clinical application in BPB, aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of subgroups Sam Hodgson and colleagues investigate whether the common genetic abnormalities of type 2 diabetes in people of European origins can be transferred to people of British Pakistani and Bangladeshi originstry, integrating a novel polygenic risk score with an established clinical risk score.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003981


Glycemic control in newly insulin-initiated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A retrospective follow-up study at a university hospital in Ethiopia

"Background: Although many studies had investigated the benefits of injecting insulin with or without oral agents, there are only limited real-world results, particularly among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in resource-limited settings. " After the introduction of insulin and other factors that are associated with poor glycemic control, this research was designed to investigate the extent of glycemic control among patients with T2DM. Methods: In the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, an analysis of retrospective medical records of patients with T2DM who started insulin therapy by oral agents was done from 2015 to 2020. Participants with elevated FPG and systolic blood pressure before insulin administration were found to have poor glycemic control after insulin administration. In the post-period of initiation, patients who were treated with atorvastatin rather than simvastatin were also found to have poor glycemic control.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268639


Comparing different metabolic indexes to predict type 2 diabetes mellitus in a five years follow-up cohort: The Baependi Heart Study

"This report included 1091 middle-aged patients who were free of T2DM at baseline and attended two health examinations cycles [cycle 1 and cycle 2]. " As expected, the participants who developed T2DM after five years had the worst metabolic profile, with elevated blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and obesity rates. Moreover, we discovered that using mixed-effects logistic regression and estimation for sex, age, and glucose, one unit rise in body adiposity index was correlated with an 8% rise in the risk of experiencing T2DM and visceral adiposity index, which was associated with an 8% rise in risk of developing T2DM and visceral adiposity index, which was a risk increase of 11%. TyG had the highest discriminating results according to the interquartile range odds ratio for continuous predictors. However, neither BAI, VAI, nor TyG were more useful in predicting the possibility of T2DM in a middle-aged normoglycemic sample in this rural Brazilian population than WC or BMI.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0267723


Data-driven long-term glycaemic control trajectories and their associated health and economic outcomes in Finnish patients with incident type 2 diabetes

"Background: Treatments can be tailored to patients in order to improve patientu2019 health outcomes and maximize the treatment's benefits. " We wanted to find meaningful data-driven trials of incident type 2 diabetes patients with similar glycecated haemoglobin patterns from diagnosis and analysis of their clinical and economic importance. Materials and methods: A cohort of 1540 patients who died in 2011-2012 was recovered from electronic health records covering primary and specialized healthcare in the North Karelia area, Finland. With non-parametric bootstrapping, differences in 4-year cumulative healthcare expenses with 95% confidence intervals were estimated. HbA1c growth was documented in four distinct trajectories during 7 years after T2D diagnosis was established: patients with u201cStable, safe, adequate, deteriorating, u201d, rapidly declining, and U201cRapidly declining glycaemic control, as well as u201d diagnosedu201d patients, were found. Conclusions: Data-driven patient trajectories have medical and economic value, and can be used as a step toward personalized medicine rather than the traditional u201d treatment methods. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269245


The association between sedentary behaviour, physical activity and type 2 diabetes markers: A systematic review of mixed analytic approaches

"The negative effect of sedentary behaviour on type 2 diabetes markers is established, but the relationship with physical fitness goals is still unclear. " This review critically summarizes the effects of sedentary behaviour on diabetes markers and physical activity by including findings from many scientific studies. If sedentary behavior and physical activity were recorded by accelerometer in the general population, the results were published with glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, insulin sensitivity, HbA1c, diabetes prevalence, CRP, and IL-6. Only for a long period of sedentary time, according to studies analyzing results by quartiles, there are no correlations between sedentary behavior and fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, and diabetes. Although replacing sedentary behavior with moderate-to-vigorous activity leads to greater health and longevity, light exercise also improves metabolic health. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268289


Additive genetic effect of GCKR , G6PC2 , and SLC30A8 variants on fasting glucose levels and risk of type 2 diabetes

"Impaired glucose tolerance is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes and several cardiometabolic disorders. " We reviewed 9,232 individuals of European ancestry enrolled in the study to determine whether genetic causes underlying fasting glucose levels were either non-diabetic or untreated type 2 diabetes at enrollment. With adjustment for age, body mass index, sex, and cryptic similarity, we were able to determine correlations between fasting glucose and 7. 9 million SNPs. Since none of the individuals with T2D is homozygous, it could be possible to find individuals at low vs. high risk of Type 2 diabetes in both three loci.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269378


Association of Strongyloides stercoralis infection and type 2 diabetes mellitus in northeastern Thailand: Impact on diabetic complication-related renal biochemical parameters

"Background: Several studies have found that helminth infections promote a certain degree of protection against Type 2 diabetes mellitus. " The effect of S. stercoralias infection on diabetic complication-related kidney function biochemical measurements and body mass index were also assessed. Participants with and without T2DM were compared in groups with or without S. stercoralis infection, with major differences relating to kidney function and BMI of participants with and without T2DM. 11. 1 percent of those with T2DM were infected with S. stercorcoralias, while those without T2DM were not, 17. 82% were infected with S. stercoralias. Those infected with S. stercorcoralias had lower eGFR levels and higher ALT and UACR values than those in the uninfected group. S. stercoralias infection in northeastern Thailand was inversely linked to T2DM, according to this study, but participants infected with S. stercoralias had lower eGFR levels and elevated ALT and UACR measurements. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269080


The impairment of the deep vascular complex in prolonged type 2 diabetes patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy

"Purpose: To determine the effects of prolonged type 2 diabetes on the retinal microvasculature of each retinal capillary plexus in patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy. Methods: Patients were divided into three groups: T2DM 10 years, patients with T2DM 10 years old 10 years old, and patients with T2DM ten years old were divided into three groups: the control group, patients with T2DM 10 years old, and patients with T2DM 20 years old were divided into three groups: T2DM 10 years old 10 years old u2265 ten years old. SCP in the control group, DM group 1, and DM group 2 had mean VDs of 35. 9, 34. 9, 34. 6, and 34. 6 5. 1, respectively. The BCVA was a significant risk influencing both the superficial VD and deep VD in multivariate studies, according to multivariate results. Deep VD was associated with hypertension and DM duration, two key contributors. Conclusions: T2DM patients with no DR had reduced VD in the SCP and DCP. In particular, the microvascular damage of the DCP in patients with T2DM u2265 ten years was more pronounced. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269182

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions