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Type 2 Diabetes - MedlinePlus Genetics

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 09 June 2022

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Type 2 diabetes

"Type 2 diabetes is a disorder characterized by persistently elevated blood sugar levels. " When blood sugar levels are elevated, the pancreas secretly converts insulin to move the excess glucose into cells, which reduces the amount of glucose in the blood. Insul resistance is the first sign of type 2 diabetes, a condition in which the body's cells use insulin less effectively than normal. To maintain blood sugar levels in the normal range, insulin is needed as insulin resistance increases as insulin resistance rises. Over time, the beta cells become less able to react to blood sugar changes, leading to an insulin deficiency that prevents the body from properly lowering blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes can cause long-term health issues, such as heart disease and stroke; nerve damage; and harm to the kidneys, eyes, and other organs of the body if blood sugar levels are not controlled by medication or diet; and other conditions.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/type-2-diabetes


Gestational diabetes

"Gestational diabetes is a condition that is characterized by unusually high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. " After the baby is born, the affected women do not have diabetes before they are pregnant, and the majority of these women go back to being nondiabetic shortly after pregnancy. About half of women with gestational diabetes have another form of diabetes, known as type 2 diabetes, within a few years after pregnancy. Infants with gestational diabetes are also more likely to have dangerously low blood sugar levels soon after birth.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/gestational-diabetes


Laron syndrome

"Laron syndrome is a rare form of short stature that results from the body's inability to use growth hormone," a hormone that aids in growth that occurs in the brain's pituitary glands. Adult males usually reach a maximum height of about 4. 5 feet, while adult females can be just over 4 foot tall, if the condition is not addressed. Untreated Laron syndrome has reduced muscle mass and endurance, low blood sugar levels in infanthood, short genitals and delayed puberty, hair that is thin and fragile, and dental anomalies are among the key signs of untreated Laron syndrome. However, the signs and symptoms of Laron syndrome in impacted individuals of the same family may differ. According to studies, people with Laron syndrome have a significantly reduced risk of cancer and type 2 diabetes. However, people with Laron syndrome do not appear to have an increased lifespan in comparison to their unaffected relatives.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/laron-syndrome


Acatalasemia

"Many people with acatalasemia have no health problems relating to the disease and are diagnosed because they have affected family members. " Some of the first suspected patients with acatalasemia developed open sores inside the mouth that resulted in soft tissue death. According to reports, people with acatalasemia have an elevated risk of type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes. A higher percentage of people with acatalasemia have type 2 diabetes than in the general population, and the disorder tends to occur at a younger age.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/acatalasemia

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions