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Thyroidectomy - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 05 July 2022

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Postoperative calcium levels as a diagnostic measure for hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy

PTH and ionized calcium values were found in the hospitals, indicating a positive and statistically significant correlation. A PTH 15 pg/mL obtained immediately following surgery was tested as a diagnostic test for hypoparathyroidism. Hypothesis As a diagnostic tool for hypoparathyroidism, we found that patients with elevated ionized calcium levels on the first postoperative day had elevated PTH levels immediately following surgery and, therefore, lower incidences of hypothyroidism. The argument was that hypochonized calcium levels measured on the first postoperative day were 48. 6%, a specificity of 88. 9%, and a 76 percent reliability. Conclusion This review revealed that patients with elevated ionized.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1590/2359-3997000000074


IMPACT OF THE HARMONIC SCALPEL HEMOSTASIS IN TOTAL THYROIDECTOMY IN COMPARISON WITH CONVENTIONAL HEMOSTATIC TECHNIQUE

The patient's records were divided into two groups according to the type of haemostatic procedures; the conventional group in which the haemostasis was done with Clamp and Tie techniques; and a harmonic scalpel group in which the haemostasis was done with Harmonic Scalpel was performed. The use of harmonic scalpel in complete thyroidectomy dramatically reduced mean surgical time by 60. 49 percent compared to 98. 13 percent in CT group with a significant P-value compared to 98. 13 percent. Significant P-value difference between the two groups in the mean volume of postoperative drainage by redivac drain observed between the two groups; 63. 02u00b119. 91SD for the HS group and 72. 50. 79 SD for the CT group with significant P-value varies. From this report, it is concluded that the key effect of harmonic scalpel in total thyroidectomy is the significant decrease in surgical time and that its use is safe and not linked to an increase in the incidence of the complications.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.33762/bsurg.2016.116615


Is the superior laryngeal nerve really safe when using harmonic focus in total thyroidectomy? A prospective randomized study

In an attempt to minimize operating time and complications, a unified focus was introduced in thyroid surgery. The present study aimed to determine the actual operation of superior laryngeal nerve and the presence of other postoperative complications in total thyroidectomies using HF and conventional ligation. The mean operative time in the HF group was significantly shorter than that in the CL group. In three and two patients in the HF group and in two and one patients in the CL group at six months, the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve palsy and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy were documented in three and two patients, as well as in two and two patients in the HF group and in two and one patients at 6 months. Conclusions: This is the first review comparing conventional method with HF in total thyroidectomy, focusing on the function of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve using laryngostroboscopy; the results show that HF is as safe as the standard method.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2016.12.004


Clinical Utility of Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Measurement in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy

Methods: Our study's primary aim was to determine whether intraoperative PTH levels correlate with parathyroid gland function recovery time in pediatric patients following complete thyroidectomy at CHOP for demographics and laboratory test results. Time of Recovery: the time between the first intraoperative parathyroid hormone level timepoint and normalization of PTH post-thyroidectomy. Following normalization of calcium and phosphorous levels postoperatively, weaned calcium and vitamin D supplements. Patients were excluded if they did not have three intraoperative PTH timepoints or were missing postoperative PTH results, median age 15; and met study inclusion criteria. These differences were statistically significant, according to our study's findings, intraoperative PTH levels can help anticipate pediatric patient recovery post-surgery and provide useful anticipation and prediction tips to optimize timing and frequency of postoperative laboratory surveillance.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00760


Learning curve for endoscopic thyroidectomy: a single teaching hospital study

Bojian XieDeptivity, Taizhou Medical College, Ketao Jin, Binbin Cui, Bojian Xie;People's Republic of China: Endoscopic thyroidectomy allows surgeons to remove a thyroid tumor from a remote location, while still delivering excellent cosmetic results. paraphrasedoutput:Methods: This retrospective review of endoscopic thyroidectomy performed by a single endoscop for a period of 5 years may lead to a method for investigating the surgical results.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/977c3adc0f904562b959dbbd9d9c6325


Effects of TSH inhibition after total thyroidectomy on Tg, VEGF, TSGF, CD44V6, sIL-2R and T lymphocyte subsets in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma

The aim: To investigate the consequences of TSH inhibition after complete thyroidectomy on Tg, VEGF, TSGF, CD44V6, sIL-2R and T lymphocyte subsets in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. After treatment, the serum Tg, VEGF, TGF, CD44V6, sIL-2R of the two groups after administration was much lower than the control group and considerably lower than the placebo group after therapy. After therapy, the peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+ of the two groups of treatment was significantly higher than before treatment; the peripheral blood CD8+ of the two groups after treatment was significantly higher than the control group, and that of the hospital group after treatment were much higher than the control group. Conclusion: TSH inhibition after complete thyroidectomy for patients with DTC can decrease the serum Tg, VEGF, TSGF, CD44V6, sIL-2R measurements, which enhances the cellular immunity function, and it was a worthy clinical use.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/30af3ab66c744c16b8a4b9602eb8a9bb


Both F-18 FDG-avidity and Malignant Shape of Cervical Lymph Nodes on PET/CT after Total Thyroidectomy Predict Resistance to High-dose I-131 Therapy in Patients with Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Object: Objective: In patients with differentiated thyroid cancer, the resistance of metastatic lymph nodes to high dose I-131 therapy has been attributed to elevated morbidity in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. In the estimation of resistance to high dose I-131 therapy in patients with papillary thyroid cancer, we reviewed the role of F-18 FDG PET/CT. We divided the patients into three subgroups based on visual evaluation of regional LNs: FDG-avid LNs with a malignant appearance on CT, FDG-avid LNs with a benign appearance on CT, and no FDG-avid lesion. Both univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the relationship between resistance to I-131 therapy and various clinico-pathologic variables. Conclusion: On pre-therapy FDG PET/CT, the FDG-avidity and malignant form of cervical LNs were two key risk factors predicting resistance to high dose I-131 therapy. A lower dose of administered I-131 and more extensive tumors were also attributed to a lack of tolerance to high dose I-131 therapy.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/9f30ca5dd7e74d91bacf21c2ac85e228


Comparison of EMG signals recorded by surface electrodes on endotracheal tube and thyroid cartilage during monitored thyroidectomy

During intraoperative neural recording of recurrent laryngeal nerve in thyroid surgery, a variety of electromyography recording techniques were employed. This report compares two surface recording techniques that were obtained by electrodes on endotracheal tube and thyroid cartilage. This study found 205 RLNs at risk in 110 patients undergoing monitored thyroidectomy. Compared to those generated by the ET electrodes, the EMG signals recorded by the TC electrodes displayed significantly higher amplitude and stability. Both recording techniques correctly identified 7 partial loss of signal and two complete LOS events caused by traction stress, but only the ET electrodes incorrectly detected three LOS events caused by ET displacement during surgical manipulation. Two patients with true complete LOS suffered temporary RLN palsy postoperatively. Compared to ET electrodes, TC electrodes produce more consistent EMG signals as well as less false EMG readings during IONM.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjms.2017.06.014


The impact of prophylactic dexamethasone on nausea and vomiting after thyroidectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library websites for randomized controlled trials that assessed the prophylactic consequences of dexamethasone versus placebo for PONV in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Patients receiving dexamethasone compared to placebo, with or without concomitant antiemetics, showed a significant decrease in the incidence of PONV, emergency anti-emetics, post-operative pain scores, and the need for rescue analgesics in patients receiving dexamethasone. Dexamethasone 8-10 mg had a dramatic effect on lowering the risk of PONV relative to dexamethasone 1. 25-mg. Dexamethasone was as safe as other anti-emetics for lowering PONV. The only adverse event was a significantly elevated blood glucose during the immediate post-operative period in patients receiving dexamethasone compared to controls. Patients at a high risk of PONV are advised by more rigorous studies to establish the benefits and risks of prophylactic dexamethasone in prospective patients at a higher risk of PONV.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109582


Hypomagnesemia predicts postoperative biochemical hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy

Methods Less-than-Total thyroidectomy patients were excluded from the final report, with some patients who were less than average thyroidectomy. Hypognesemia in general was 23. 3 percent at the time of 23. 3 percent. Logistic analysis revealed that gender and postoperative hypomagnesemia were independent risk factors for biochemical hypocalcemia. Both Pearson and partial correlation tests showed that there was indeed a strong correlation between calcium and magnesium.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12893-017-0258-2

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions