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Thyroidectomy - Crossref

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Last Updated: 05 July 2022

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Intravenous Dexamethasone as Prophylaxis Against Laryngeal Edema Associated with Changes in Sound Quality in Patients Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy

Thyroidectomy is a relatively safe surgical procedure for thyroid gland transplantation with a mortality and morbidity rate of less than 23%. Many research into the use of dexamethasone to prevent or reduce laryngeal edema after thyroidectomy have been published with mixed findings. Using the Sound Handicap Index questionnaire before surgery, day 1 after the surgery, and day 7 after the surgery, this report investigated dexamethasone effects on the patient's vocal changes using the Sound Handicap Index questionnaire. The VHI gradually reduced on day 1 and 7 on day 1 and 7, and the difference between the VHI on day 1 and day 7 was significant. In the group of patients using dexamethasone and without dexamethasone, no statistically significant difference was found between the VHI variable before surgery, D-1, and D-7and VHI H7.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15395/mkb.v54n2.2540


Total or Near-total Thyroidectomy in treatment of Thyroid Cancer

Objectives: To determine the clinical effectiveness of total or near-total thyroidectomy in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Methods: Ninety-four patients with thyroid cancer treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical College's Meiris Branch from June 2018 to June 2020 were chosen as participants. One year after surgery was observed, the difference in quality of life [the European Organization for Study and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire] differs between the two groups in terms of quality of life [the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Quality of Life Questionnaire] shows the difference in quality of life [the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire [the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer] between the two groups. The observation team's overall effectiveness was higher than that of the control group. The observation group's surgical time, postoperative analgesia time, and postoperative 24-h VAS scores were all higher than those of the control group. The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was higher than that in the control group three months after surgery. The PTH, Ca2+, and STAT3 levels in the two groups were lower than those in the control group fourteen days after surgery, and the observation group's levels were lower than those in the control group. Conclusion: Complete thyroidectomy is safe in the treatment of thyroid cancer, but there are several postoperative complications. http://doi. org/10. 12669/pjms. 38. 765/5 How to cite this: Li G. Wu L. Total or Near-Total Thyroidectomy in thyroid Cancer Therapy http://doi. org/10. 12669/pjms. 38. 765/5 How to cite this: http://doi. org/10. 12669/pjms. 38. 765 5 How to cite this: citing this: http://doi. org/10.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.6.5765


Health-Related Quality of Life following Total Thyroidectomy and Lobectomy for Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma: A Systematic Review

Patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma have a major issue. We aimed to systematically review the evidence comparing HrQol and hemithyroidectomy in DTC patients after total thyroidectomy and hemithyroidectomy. Patients undergoing TT may experience more impairment in physical and social HrQoL than patients undergoing HT, according to our findings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29070350


The complex role of post-operative magnesium on the long term serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels in patients undergoing total and near-total thyroidectomy

Objectives: To determine the role of hypomagnesaemia in the onset of persistent hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy. The patients were followed after 6 months after fasting serum calcium, magnesium, and parathyroid hormone levels were determined at 6 month. Fall in magnesium post-operatively and a follow-up magnesium were positively connected with the drop in magnesium post-operatively and follow-up magnesium, which was highly correlated with follow-up parathyroid hormones. Following discharge, permanent hypocalcaemia was seen in 7 patients and was closely linked to pre-operative and post-operative calcium levels, post-operative signs of hypocalcaemia, and readmission for hypocalcaemia. Hypocalcaemia follow-up hypomagnesaemia and follow-up hypocalcaemia were both highly correlated with follow-up hypocalcaemia and follow-up hypocalcaemia. Conclusion: Acute hypomagnesaemia post-operatively may be helpful in early positive feedback for parathyroid hormone secretion.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.47391/jpma.4681


Cannula Fracture during Transoral Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Vestibular Approach: Causes and Prevention

Three oral vestibular incisions are used to access the thyroid gland in the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach. Using the three-port method, three patients underwent TOETVA. Both cannulas broke on the ventral shaft of the distal shaft. The fracture lines were 3u20134 cm in length, with some fragments scattered throughout the surgical field and oral cavity. Cannula fracture in TOETVA may be a result of male sex, short stature, and protruding chin.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12071566


Postoperative Complications After Total Thyroidectomy for Patients With Graves’ Disease

The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database is used to determine the incidence and types of postoperative complications in patients with and without Graves'u2019 disease undergoing total thyroidectomy. Study Plan Retrospective cohort study. The NSQIP's goal was to establish all hospitals participating in the program from 2007 to 2017. Methods Thyroidectomy data were extracted from the NSQIP website from 2007 to 2017 using the same New Procedural Terminology codes as well as the related Current Procedural Terminology codes. Patients with a diagnosis of Gravesu2019 disease were compared to a control group that consisted of other non-clinical diagnoses. Patients with Gravesu2019 disease who underwent total thyroidectomy had a higher incidence of readmission and rate of reoperation in comparison to control patients, according to unmatched results. Patients with Gravesu2019 disease undergoing complete thyroidectomy are at a greater risk of complications than those without, likely due to sequelae of the condition.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/01945998221108050


Early and late complications of thyroidectomy: a descriptive cohort study in Rawalpindi

Objective: To determine the epidemiology of thyroid disorders and early and late complications following thyroidectomy. Method: At the Benazir Bhutto Hospital, a descriptive cohort study was conducted. Neck swelling with hyperthyroidism 20 and 20, as well as pressure symptom 20, was the most common symptom. Biopsy findings were available for 50 patients. In 44 patients, Benign pathology was present in 44 patients and 6 had malignancy. Symptomatic hypocalcaemia was the most common complication 33, followed by permanent hoarseness 6. Conclusion: The most common post-operative and long-term complications of thyroidectomy were discovered to be symptomatic hypocalcaemia and hoarseness.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.47391/jpma.3975


Clinical Efficacy of Modified Small Incision Thyroidectomy and Analysis of Influencing Factors of Postoperative Hypocalcemia

The aim is to analyze the determining factors of hypocalcemia in patients after surgery, as well as the clinical effects of modified small incision thyroidectomy. Methods used in our hospital From October 2019 to October 2021, a total of 220 patients with thyroid cancer were selected. Serum calcium was discovered 7 days after operation in both groups, confirming it seven days later. Patients were divided into the EH group and the normal group based on the level of blood calcium. Results The operation time, incision length, and intraoperative bleeding volume of patients in the observation group were all significantly lower than that of patients in the control group. The PTH level in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and it was much higher than that in the control group. The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than those in the control group.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2022.905920


A Comparison Between Complications Following Total Versus Subtotal Thyroidectomy: A Literature Review

Thyroidectomy is a common treatment for a variety of medical disorders, including hyperthyroidism, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer. As with any other surgical procedure, thyroidectomy can cause several problems, including Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve injury, hypocalcemia, and hematoma. Both primary types of surgical procedures are used, with each having their own specific problems. This literature review seeks to identify common problems that arise during total thyroidectomy and suboptital thyroidectomy. Complications post thyroidectomy can be life threatening, so prompt attention and follow-up are required to ensure efficient administration. Although hypocalcemia is the most common post-operative complication, an elevated risk of both hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism is present in total thyroidectomy in comparison to subtotal thyroidectomy. In conclusion, thyroidectomy complications can be life threatening, highlighting the importance of post-operative care. The prevalence and methods for reducing the risk of post-operative complications may vary depending on the type of thyroidectomy performed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.52533/johs.2022.2403

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions