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The current research evaluated the effectiveness of a training program focusing on naturalistic teaching techniques meant to upskill parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and leave them with tools to improve social communication skills among verbal operants.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-022-09859-4
Purpose: The aim of this study was to produce a comprehensive tool to determine key aspects of leisure, thereby, investigating the connection between leisure and psychological stability; and, ultimately, its overall effect on the quality of life of women with autism-Spectrum-Disorder with the demanding care of the child with autism. Experimental factor analysis and Confirmative factor analysis were used to analyze research findings. Despite the demanding care of the child with autism, the complete result of quality of life is measured as the result of engaging in the leisure of individual choice for self-replenishment, social integration, and happiness in life. Originality/Value: The creation of this device has resulted in the recognition of the presence of leisure as well as the absence of leisure made possible by this technology.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.47992/ijhsp.2581.6411.0084
Abstract The study looked at the validity of the Polish adaptation of the PEERS'u00ae curriculum for adolescents on the autism spectrum. The number of get-togethers with peers suggested significant improvements from PEERSu00ae, increased the teens' social skills, knowledge of social skills, and the number of get-togethers with peers. The paper shows the acceptability and effectiveness of the Polish PEERSu00ae adaptation, as well as future research on the online/hybrid delivery of Social Skills Training.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-022-05714-9
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a disabling illness in early childhood. One of the most common theories is the presence of an immune system imbalance. In patients with ASDs, elevated cytokines, chemokines, and immunoglobulins were detected; in particular, proinflammatory mediators were highly elevated. Alarmins are a multifunctional heterogeneous group of proteins, either native to particular cells or incorporated by them. Alarmins are both useful in terms of determining the inflammatory process and for diagnostic purposes as biomarkers. Moreover, new studies, published separately, showed that alarmins like interleukin -33, high-mobility group box 1, heat-shock protein, and S100 protein might have a key role in ASD pathogenesis. Some of these alarmins may be useful as biomarkers of inflammation in ASD, according to the literature. Other alarmins may be the key to reducing symptoms and behaviors in autism by interfering with the immune system's blocking pro-inflammatory mediators.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9010002
Abstract: Boys' autism spectrum disorder prevalence is almost four times greater than in girls, and the causes of this sex difference are not fully understood. In a sample of 116 children aged 5-19 years with a IQ of 70 and a diagnosis of ASD, we investigated sex differences in the relationship between executive functioning in everyday life and social dysfunction symptoms.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/501932
This paper recommends combining a stochastic simulation with probabilistic seismic hazard analysis in order to get a uniform hazard spectrum. A three-dimensional finite element model is established, respectively, to compare the seismic results of the NPP under various ground motions induced by the existing site spectrum, the UHS' research, and the U. S. RG1. 60 spectrum, respectively. The UHS's stochastic simulation software used in this case can provide a blueprint for NPPs' seismic design.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6037863
Objects Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is a worldwide epidemic. A significant risk factor for FASD is maternal alcohol intake. It's also unknown which alcohol intake patterns most closely predict FASD. Both maternal alcohol intake and FASD studies showed retrospective results on maternal drinking habits, as well as significant heterogeneity in measures of alcohol intake. Study quality increased over time and appeared higher for studies based on active case ascertainment, particularly in colleges and when behavior was assessed through interviews. Conclusions We wanted to find out specific maternal drinking habits related to FASD. Prenatal alcohol consumption patterns that are most in need of intervention are necessitated by evidence-based preventive steps. In a general population sample, FASD status as well as maternal alcohol intake should not be determined based on FASD status, but rather, FASD status as well as maternal alcohol intake should all be measured.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022578
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