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On the International Space Station, the Veggie Plant Growth Kit is currently being used. Bunees are used to hold the system in place after the seeds are planted in the Veggie's pillows and mats. The Bungee Tool is a small fork-shaped tool with indentations that secure the tiny bungees and enables the user to manipulate the bungees with ease. The Bungee Tool is particularly effective at reaching into the tight spaces and minimizing the assembly and removal time of the bungees.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/KSC-TOPS-73
Innovators at NASA Johnson Space Center have developed a new second-generation, robotically assisted extravehicular activity glove. The SSRG has been engineered to reduce the strain required to complete intricate, hand-intensive EVA tasks and minimize the chance of astronaut hand injury. The SSRG discovers increased sensing, control, configuration, and avionics capabilities, extending from its predecessors, the NASA/General Motors RoboGlove, and the later first-generation Space Suit RoboGlove. Though the actuators are unpowered, the SSRG maintains the ability to function as a standard space suit glove.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/MSC-TOPS-80
NASA Ames has developed Space Traffic Management, a new patent-pending technology that provides a robust framework for on-orbit coordination of activities to improve the availability, stability, and sustainability of space operations. The STM system is essential for ensuring that the increasing orbital population operates safely and efficiently, preventing collisions and radio-frequency interference while also supporting widespread space operations in an increasingly crowded space environment.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/TOP2-294
NASA has invented a new laser beam pointing device for use in space optical communications. Current architectures incorporate dynamical controls to turn the laser to the ground terminal and potentially use vibration isolation platforms. This patented technology from NASA Ames uses a combined lens system and a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser, according to the Photodetector Array. This is particularly difficult for low-Earth Orbits, including science missions, as laser beam pointing is very difficult for low-Earth Orbits, particularly science missions.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/TOP2-248
Small satellites and microsatellites can collect and transmit data using NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center's software-defined radio telemetry transceiver system to collect and transmit data to and from small satellites and microsatellites. To convert RF signals to a digital form, the SDR scheme converts RF signals using a small number of traditional analog radio frequency components. In satellite applications in which cost savings, upgradability, and reliability are all important, the NASA SDR can be used in satellite applications. On NASA's FASTSAT mission, a first-generation SDR has been flight tested.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/MFS-TOPS-62
For all the 20 Air Route Traffic Control Centers in the NAS, simultaneously, NASCENT offers an analysis of economically competitive and historically implemented routes that save more than a user-specified number of minutes of wind-corrected flying time savings for more than a user-specified number of minutes of wind-corrected flight time savings for more than 100 kilometers.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/TOP2-258
A patch antenna is a low-profile radio antenna that can be mounted on a flat surface. Common patch antenna shapes include square, rectangular, circular, and elliptical, but any continuous shape is possible. The Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna is designed to be used in extreme environments while keeping its low profile.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/GSC-TOPS-218
FlashPose converts real-time or recorded range and intensity images from 3D imaging devices such as Lidars, and compares them to existing target surface maps to determine the position and orientation of the suspected target relative to the sensor coordinate frame.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/GSC-TOPS-102
Link quality and reliability could be enhanced if radio frequency interference could be detected and minimized in an automated manner. To improve communication reliability, researchers from the NASA Glenn Research Center developed a software-based automated RFI mitigation system to prevent unexpected interference during space-to-ground communications. To monitor the spectrum and detect interfering signals, the system uses Cyclic Auto-Corrence signal processing techniques to measure the spectrum and detect interfering signals.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/LEW-TOPS-166
NASA scientists have created a space-and-wave division system to de-multiplex low energy quantum key distribution photons from high energy free space optical transmissions. A focusing lens can be used to produce a diffraction pattern that focuses QKD photons on the central and a stronger energy signal onto the 1st cladding by optimizing wavelengths used for QKD photon and data transmission.
Source link: https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/LEW-TOPS-163
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