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South Carolina - PubMed

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Last Updated: 28 July 2022

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Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions among South Carolina Residents.

Despite findings of vaccination safety and effectiveness, vaccine hesitancy remains a major global health threat. Compared to parental vaccination hesitance toward childhood vaccines, the COVID-19 vaccine has raised peculiar vaccine hesitancy issues. South Carolina is home to a predominantly conservative population and has historically had some of the lowest vaccination coverage rates in the United States of America, with some of the lowest vaccination coverage rates in the United States of America. The aim of the current research was to identify reasons that could be related to COVID-19 vaccine use among SC residents. Of the 10,626 survey respondents, 69. 9% reported being vaccinated against COVID-19. The success of vaccine use increased the likelihood of vaccination intentions, according to multivariate logistic regression results, although younger age reduced the risk of vaccination intentions. Public health and government officials in South Carolina and other conservative states should target younger populations and raise vaccine awareness and uptake, as well as concerns regarding COVID-19 vaccine safety.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060942


Urgent need to expand syringe services programs in South Carolina and beyond.

During the 12-month period ending in April 2021, an increase of 28. 5% from the previous year. Opioid related overdose deaths in the United States killed over 100,000 people in the United States. Syringe services policies are an evidence-based harm reduction program that has been shown to be safe in reducing opioid overdose deaths and infectious diseases, as well as increasing rates of admission to recovery services. Policymakers in SC and similar states must urgently recognize SSPs in order to minimize rising tides of opioid overdose deaths and related health issues.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00476-0


Spatio-temporal spread of COVID-19: Comparison of the inhomogeneous SEPIR model and data from South Carolina.

Authorities are struggling to obtain reliable estimates of the disease's spreading dynamics during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. For the spatial inhomogeneous spread of the disease, we recently developed a multi-populations" model, which accounts for the geographical distribution of the disease in a variety of ways, and we've outlined, for a variety of examples, how epidemic curves are highly sensitive to epicenters, non-uniform population density, and local boundaries. In the present study, we compare our model to real-life data from South Carolina from May 22 to July 22. We use data from NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center to estimate the evolution of infection heat-maps in South Carolina during the study period, predicting the change of disease heat-maps during the time period. We find a strong quantitative similarity to those found when comparing the predicted heat-maps with those that were viewed. In addition, Pearson's correlation coefficient is quite high, further supporting our model against real-world results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268995


Coping and ART adherence self-efficacy among people living with HIV in South Carolina.

More than half of new HIV infections in the United States are recorded in southern states. Moreover, the prevalence of HIV in South Carolina is 17 percent among the 100,000 residents. Regardless of improved quality of life with the advent of ART, living with stressors may have a direct effect on ART adherent self-efficacy. People living in South Carolina with HIV found the connection between coping methods and ART adherence self-efficacy. To determine the relationship between coping tactics and ART self-efficacy, we used unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models. Religiosity was positively correlated with improved ART adherence self-efficacy, according to Religiosity's self-efficacy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2022.2079600


Prevalence and trend of AIDS-defining cancers and non-AIDS-defining cancers and their association with antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV in South Carolina: a population-based cohort study.

ABSTRACT:Monitoring cancer trends and risk is critical, as cancer is a growing problem among people living with HIV. In PLWH in South Carolina, our study investigated the prevalence and trends of AIDS-defining cancers and non-AIDS-defining cancers and their risk factors. Individuals with a viral load > 100,000 copies/ml were more likely to get ADC, while those with a CD4 count > 350 cells/mm3 were less likely to produce ADC or NADC. Early HIV diagnosis as well as viral load reduction should be a part of ongoing cancer prevention efforts.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2022.2074957


First Report of Armillaria root disease of Celtis laevigata caused by A. gallica in South Carolina, USA.

In recent years, dieback and mortality of C. laevigata have been frequent in some South Carolina and Georgia counties. In North Augusta, SC, three C. laevigata trees were tested for crown conditions and root systems in April/May 2018. Root samples were obtained by excavating two principal root ca. Both SB474 and SB913 isolates were remarkably similar, with A. gallica's highest tef1 similarity. This is the first study of A. gallica associated with Armillaria root disease in C. laevigata. Rhizomorphs on the surface of apparently healthy tree roots and root colonization in severely declining trees are a typical sign of A. gallica. Undefined primary agents of C. laevigata's death and mortality in SC and GA remain unclear, but further research is required to establish A. gallica's role in C. laevigata's dieback and mortality. Although pathogenicity tests are impractical for Armillaria, these A. gallica occurrences in SC add to our understanding of this pathogen's distribution in the Southeast United States, where it has also been reported in Tennessee in hardwood forests, SC on Hemerocallis sp. A. gallica's distribution and host range is likely more widespread in the southeastern United States than previously believed. Armillaria root diseases affecting climate change are forecast, according to documentation Armillaria distribution, which includes A. gallica.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-22-0606-PDN


Medicaid Cost Savings from Provision of Contraception to Beneficiaries in South Carolina, 2012-2018.

This report investigates cost savings associated with specific condomation methods offered to beneficiaries of South Carolina Medicaid between 2012 and 2018. Incidentally cost-effectiveness ratios were estimated for four contraceptive methods, relative to no prescription method provision, and savings per dollar invested on method provision were calculated. Medicaid's savings varied among Medicaid eligibility programs, with the highest and lowest savings from condoms to women in the LIFs and PHC eligibility services differing, respectively. During condomation services, the results show that it is necessary to account for beneficiary needs and preferences in various Medicaid eligibility groups. The results also inform program design and provide evidence to back up legislative appropriations for Medicaid reproductive health care services.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1089/pop.2021.0392


Mottled Duck introductions to South Carolina: The ugly, the bad, and the good?

Both historic populations of Mottled Ducks persist and are endemic to Mexico and the West Coast areas of the United States and Florida. From 1975 to 1983, 1285 Mottled Ducks from Florida, Louisiana, and Texas were released to coastal South Carolina, primarily to establish a legally harvestable population. According to new data, an increasing Mottled Duck population in South Carolina is likely to dispersing into Georgia.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8850


Implementation of a Rural Community Diagnostic Testing Strategy for SARS-CoV-2 in Upstate South Carolina.

We established a drive-through COVID-19 testing site in rural Upstate South Carolina in the hopes of enhancing access to SARS-CoV-2 testing in rural Upstate South Carolina by establishing a joint venture among a public university lab, local city government officials, and community health services. We administered 71,102 SARS-CoV-2 tests in the community from December 2020-December 2021, with 91. 4 percent of results within 24 hours; 73. 3 percent of these tests were obtained from people who did not report symptoms; 76. 6 percent of these tests were performed within 24 hours. During 2021, the local community had significantly lower test positivity rates than the regional community. Although both groups reached peak case load and test positivity at the same time, the local community returned to moderate transmission as shown by positivity 4 weeks before the regional community. SARS-CoV-2's widespread community testing scheme needed a balance of simplicity, accessibility, and community confidence.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.858421

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions