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South Carolina - PubMed

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Last Updated: 25 January 2023

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Association between sociodemographic characteristics and HIV disclosure among people living with HIV in South Carolina: a structural equation modeling approach.

Among people living with HIV, HIV announcement continues to be a primary concern. In the Southern United States, however, there is a lack of studies examining the reasons associated with HIV awareness among PLWH. This research, therefore, the aim of this investigation was to determine the relationship between sociodemographic risk factors and HIV education among PLWH in South Carolina using a structural equation modeling approach. Compar to non-Black groups, Black populations were less likely to announce their HIV status to both partners and family/friends after adjusting for confounders.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2022.2163612


Community-engaged ancient DNA project reveals diverse origins of 18th-century African descendants in Charleston, South Carolina.

In this report, we present the results of community-engaged ancient DNA research initiated in Charleston, South Carolina, after the remains of 36 African-descended people dating back to the late 18th century were discovered in the port city of Charleston, South Carolina. Overall, this research expands our knowledge of the past of African descendant populations in the United South's colonial past.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2201620120


Food Insecurity and Stress Among Rural Residents in South Carolina: The Moderating Influences of Household Characteristics, Neighborhood Social Environment and Food Environment.

Rural residents with high food insecurity were 6. 1 times more likely and those with moderate food insecurity were 3. 2 times more likely to experience higher levels of general anxiety and moderate food insecurity were 2. 5 times more likely to experience greater anxiety after COVID-19 than those with low food insecurity; rural residents with elevated food insecurity were 6. 1 times more likely and those with moderate food insecurity were 3. 4 times more likely to experience greater stress than those with low food insecurity; rural residents with high food insecurity were 3. 3 times more likely to report increased stress 3. 8 times more secure were 4. 2 times more likely and those with moderate food insecurity were 3. 3 times more likely to report greater health; rural residents with high food insecurity; rural residents with increased in stress after COVID-19; A buffering effect on the relationship between food insecurity and stress was provided by the social environment and food environment in a neighborhood. The adverse effects of food insecurity on stress were reduced by a healthier social environment after COVID-19 and higher rates of easiness in food access.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-022-01176-3


First report of Alternaria cinerariae causing leaf blight on Farfugium japonicum in South Carolina, USA.

Farfugium japonicum, also known as leopard plant, is a common perennial used in landscapes in the Southeast United States. At a landscape site in Georgetown, South Carolina, leaf blight was discovered on 20 leopard plants in March 2022. Leaf pieces surrounding necrotic spots were excised, sterilized in 10% bleach for 1 min, rinsed in sterile water, poured onto potato dextrose agar, and incubated at 25°u00b0C. Sequence of isolate 22-094-A was 100% homology to that of CBS 116495, a representative strain of A. cinerariae. The casual fungus was identified as A. cinerariae, based on the morphological and sequence characters. mature leaves were collected from 5-year-old F. japonicum 'Gigantea' plants in a detached-leaf assay. Five leaf leaves were sprayed with a mixture of conidial suspensions of the three isolates at 300 conidia per mL and 1. 5 mL per leaf, while sterile water was used for a non-inoculated control leaf. On inoculated leaves 2 days after inoculation, small purple to brown spots were evident. More than 90% of inoculated leaf areas were blighted 10 DAI, according to the control leaf, who remained asymptomatic. Three F. japonicum 'Argenteo Marginata' plants grown in 10-inch pots were placed in a plastic tray and sprayed with a conidial suspension of 22-094-A onto both abaxial and adaxial surfaces at 300 conidia per mL and 40 mL per plant, assay in a whole-plant experiment. In CA, USA, and Japan, a Leaf spot on F. japonicum caused by A. cinerariae has been recorded.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-09-22-2221-PDN


Racial, Ethnic, and Rural/Urban Disparities in HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in South Carolina.

Examining the current incidence of HIV and STIs among racial and ethnic groups and rural residents is important to inform and expand initiatives to eliminate injustices and minimize the health risks of these diseases. In South Carolina, a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was conducted using Medicaid administrative claims data over a two-year period. During the investigation period, 158,731 Medicaid beneficiaries had at least one medical claim. Compared to non-Hispanic black or other minority race/ethnicity, in multivariable models, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV were significantly associated with non-Hispanic Black or other racial group/ethnicity, as well as other white groups/ethnicity. Rural people were more likely to have a complaint involving chlamydia and gonorrhea than urban residents. For designing state Medicaid policies in a southern state, getting updated data on disparities in STIs and HIV among a racial/ethnic group and rural populations is crucial.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-022-01165-6


A statewide, cross-sectional evaluation of the knowledge and level of concern of rabies among South Carolina residents.

For the past decade, animal rabies cases in South Carolina have steadily increased. Knowledge was evaluated on rabies origins, state animal case counts, and rabies pet-related legislation. Additionally, a statewide hotspot review revealed geographic areas warranting targeted public health interventions; counties with low population fear contrasted with high incidence of rabies. This report shows that the effectiveness of statewide KAPs to measure populations' rabies awareness and related preventative steps to ensure human-animal rabies exposures are limited.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.13001

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions