Advanced searches left 3/3

South Carolina - Europe PMC

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 28 July 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Urgent need to expand syringe services programs in South Carolina and beyond.

During the 12-month period ending in April 2021, an increase of 28. 5% from the previous year, Opioid-related overdose deaths in the United States killed over 100,000 people in the United States. In order for SSPs to function at their full potential to reduce the tides of opioid overdose deaths and related health issues, policymakers in SC and similar states must urgently de-legislate them.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35729624


Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions among South Carolina Residents.

Despite evidence of vaccine safety and effectiveness, vaccine hesitancy remains a significant global health threat. Compared to parental vaccination hesitancy against childhood vaccinations, the COVID-19 vaccine has raised specific vaccine hesitancy questions. South Carolina is home to a predominantly conservative population and has historically had some of the lowest vaccination coverage rates in the United States of America. The purpose of the current research was to identify risk factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine intentions among SC residents. To investigate causes associated with COVID-19 vaccine intentions, logistic regression experiments were conducted. According to the results of multivariate logistic regression models, confidence in the safety of the COVID-19 vaccines increased the likelihood of vaccination adherence, while younger age raised the likelihood of vaccination intentions. Public health and government officials in South Carolina and other conservative states should target younger populations and raise concerns about COVID-19 vaccine safety in order to raise vaccination awareness and uptake.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35746550


Spatio-temporal spread of COVID-19: Comparison of the inhomogeneous SEPIR model and data from South Carolina.

During the COVID-19 pandemic years, epidemiologists have been trying to find reliable estimates for the disease's spreading dynamics. For a variety of aspects, epidemiological surveillance curves are highly sensitive to epicenter location, non-uniform population density, and local limits, we recently developed a multi-populations" model that accounts for the spatial in-homogeneous dissemination of the disease. During the period May 22 to July 22, we tested our model against real-life data from South Carolina. We use epidemiological data from NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center to calculate the evolution of infection heat-maps in South Carolina during the study period. In addition, the Pearson's correlation coefficient is quite high, thus validating our model against real-world results. We conclude that the model accounts for the disease's spatial inhomogeneous dissemination of the disease.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35679238


Copper Tolerance in Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni in South Carolina Peach Orchards

In X. arboricola pv. , tolerance to copper is unknown, although sensitivity to copper has not been demonstrated. X. arboricola pv. was found on his website at X. arboricola pv. One orchard per farm in South Carolina has one orchard per farm, and three conventional farms have thrived for over two years from three conventional farms and one organic farm. Pruni was the most isolated from cankers of the organic farm's cankers, and the bulk isolates came from bud cankers. Cuu00b2u207a's limited glucose yeast agar and nutrient agar modified with 38 bcg/ml or 51 ml of Cuu00b2bcg/ml. In X. arboricola pv, two phenotypes of copper tolerance have been found. The low and medium traces of copper decreased bacterial spot incidence caused by the sensitive strain, but not by the LCT and HCT strains, according to the researchers. This research confirms the existence of X. arboricola pv.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607790457


Differences in Motivating Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination and Perceptions of Infection Risk among Healthcare and EMS Personnel in South Carolina.

Methods The data for self-identified HCWs came from surveys that were randomly distributed to randomly selected South Carolina and EMS service volunteers recruited at a targeted surveillance testing event at the South Carolina EMS Symposium. EMS employees were also less likely to wear a mask the majority of the time when outside the house and less worried about the spread of COVID-19 in their neighborhood, as opposed to HCWs. Conclusions EMS workers were significantly less concerned about the dissemination of COVID-19 within their community and less likely to wear a mask all/most of the time outside the house as opposed to HCWs. EMS employees' COVID-19-related attitudes and personal protection habits should be used to devise targeted interventions to increase vaccination awareness and compliance with personal protection regulations.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35649524


Coping and ART adherence self-efficacy among people living with HIV in South Carolina.

More than half of new HIV infections in the United States are recorded in southern states. Moreover, the prevalence of HIV in South Carolina is 17 percent among every 100,000 people. Despite increased quality of life with the introduction of ART, living with stressors can influence ART compliance self-efficacy. Those living in South Carolina have been living with HIV, and this research examined the connection between coping tactics and ART adherence self-efficacy. To determine the correlation between coping tactics and ART compliance self-efficacy, we used unadjusted and modified linear regression models.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35621305


Prevalence and trend of AIDS-defining cancers and non-AIDS-defining cancers and their association with antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV in South Carolina: a population-based cohort study.

ABSTRACT: As cancer remains a common problem among HIV patients living in the United States, monitoring cancer trends and risk is vital. In PLWH in South Carolina, our report examined the prevalence and trends of AIDS-defining cancers and non-AIDS-defining cancers, as well as their risk factors. ADC was 1. 9 years to cancer diagnosis, and 3. 8 years for NADC, according to the media. Early HIV testing and viral load suppression should be part of ongoing cancer prevention efforts.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35578401


First Report of Armillaria root disease of Celtis laevigata caused by A. gallica in South Carolina, USA.

In recent years, dieback and mortality of C. laevigata have been widespread in some South Carolina and Georgia counties. Three C. laevigata trees in North Augusta, SC, were examined in April/May of 2018. Both SB474 and SB913 isolates were identical, with the highest in A. gallica tef1, according to GenBank nucleotide BLAST. This is the first report of A. gallica infection in C. laevigata that is associated with Armillaria root disease. Tree roots and root colonization in severely declining trees are a typical sign of A. gallica. Root surfaces pathogen colonization may be a risk of root disease in severely damaged trees. Undefined primary agents of C. laevigata's death and deaths in SC and GA remain undefined, but further investigation is required to establish A. gallica's role in C. laevigata's death and mortality. Although pathogenicity tests are impractical for Armillaria, these A. gallica occurrences in SC add to our understanding of this pathogen's distribution in the Southeast United States, where it has also been reported in Tennessee in hardwood forests, SC on Hemerocallis sp. A. gallica's distribution and host range is most widespread in the southeastern United States, according to new reports. Armillaria root disease diagnosis, as well as climate-change effects on Armillaria root diseases, must be determined by documenting Armillaria distribution, which includes A. gallica.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35536214


Medicaid Cost Savings from Provision of Contraception to Beneficiaries in South Carolina, 2012-2018.

This research examines the cost savings associated with specific condomizing products provided to beneficiaries of South Carolina Medicaid between 2012 and 2018. The additional cost of contraception delivery per live birth was estimated for four contraceptive methods, relative to no prescription method implementation, and savings per dollar invested on method provision were estimated for four contraceptive methods. The investigation was conducted for the entire Medicaid sample and separately for individuals enrolled under low-income families, family planning, and other services that support healthy children's eligibility programs. The largest and lowest savings in Medicaid's savings varied across Medicaid eligibility services, with the highest and lowest savings from contraception to women in the LIFs and PHC eligibility schemes, respectively. The results also inform program administration and provide evidence to support legislative appropriations for Medicaid reproductive health care services.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35527673

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions