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South Carolina - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 25 January 2023

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Association between sociodemographic characteristics and HIV disclosure among people living with HIV in South Carolina: a structural equation modeling approach.

People living with HIV continue to be a significant issue among those living with HIV. Therefore, the aim of this research was to determine the connection between sociodemographic risk factors and HIV infection, which is why this paper was conducted using a structural equation modeling approach among PLWH in South Carolina. Among PLWH, structural equation models were used to determine the relationships between sociodemographic variables and HIV exposure. Compared to non-Black populations, Black populations were less likely to announce their HIV status to both partners and family/friends after adjusting for confounders.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36630703


Barriers to Help-seeking in Medical Students With Anxiety at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville

Anxiety levels in medical students have been reported as higher than the aged-matched general population, but medical students are less likely to seek medical attention for mental health problems. The GAD7, questions regarding mental health stigma, and open-ended questions regarding medical student mental health care were all administered to students. Medical students at UofSC SOMG have anxiety at rates that are higher than the general population, despite free and readily available mental health services. Future research will help to eliminate the barriers of care, so medical students can more effectively utilize mental health care services.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR594659


Community-engaged ancient DNA project reveals diverse origins of 18th-century African descendants in Charleston, South Carolina.

The Gullah Society of Charleston, along with other Charleston community members, initiated a collaborative genomic investigation of these ancestors of enslaved status in an attempt to better understand their roots. This report, in the United States South, helps us to expand our knowledge of African descendant populations' colonial pasts.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36623185


Formative research to promote lupus awareness and early screening at Historically Black College and University (HBCU) communities in South Carolina.

Systemic lupus erythematosus, or lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease thatdisproportionately affects young African Americans. Increasing lupus awareness in this high-risk group may be a safe way to ultimately improve lupus outcomes. Methods Two focus groups were held in South Carolina with African American students from the HBCU's network in South Carolina to explore the perspective of focus group participants on knowledge, understanding, and experiences with lupus. Conclusion Participants in our survey found that lupus education and awareness among African American youth was indispensable, as well as the need for funding that would enable them to advocate for themselves and their families. Given the fact that lupus is also early in childhood, it is therefore crucial to involve African American youth in increasing education and knowledge about the condition.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36585733


Food Insecurity and Stress Among Rural Residents in South Carolina: The Moderating Influences of Household Characteristics, Neighborhood Social Environment and Food Environment.

Rural people with high food insecurity were 6. 1 times more likely and those with moderate food insecurity were 3. 4 times more likely to experience elevated food insecurity and moderate food insecurity were 4. 2 times more likely to experience higher levels of anxiety after COVID-19 than those with limited food insecurity; rural residents with high food insecurity were 6. 1 times more likely to experience higher food insecurity; and those with moderate food insecurity were 3. 4 times more likely to experience higher hunger after COVID-19 than those with high food insecurity A buffering effect on the relationship between food insecurity and stress was provided by the local social environment and food environment. The negative effects of food insecurity on stress were alleviated by a greater social environment after COVID-19 and higher levels of esiness in food accessibility.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36469166


First report of Alternaria cinerariae causing leaf blight on Farfugium japonicum in South Carolina, USA.

Farfugium japonicum, also known as leopard plant, is a common perennial used in landscapes in the Southeast United States. Leaf blight was recorded on 20 leopard plants at a landscape site in Georgetown, South Carolina, in March 2022. Sequence of isolate 22-094-A in the internal transcript spacer region of isolate 22-094-A was 100% identical to that of CBS 116495, a representative strain of A. cinerariae. The casual fungus was identified as A. cinerariae based on the morphological and sequence characteristics. mature leaves were collected from 5-year-old F. japonicum 'Gigantea' plants in a detached-leaf assay. Five leaves were sprayed with a mixture of conidial suspensions of the three isolates at 300 conidia per mL and 1. 5 mL per leaf, with sterile water used for a non-inoculated control leaf. On inoculated leaves two days after inoculation, small purple to brown spots were visible. More than 90% of inoculated leaf areas were blinded 10 DAI, compared to the control leaf, who remained asymptomatic. Three F. japonicum 'Argenteo Marginata' plants grown in 10-inch pots were placed in a plastic tray and sprayed with a conidial suspension of 22-094-A onto both abaxial and adaxial surfaces of 300 conidia per plant, with a conidial suspension of 22-094-A. In CA, USA, and Japan, a Leaf spot on F. japonicum caused by A. cinerariae has been reported. This disease can be a threat to leopard plants in nurseries and landscapes under favourable weather.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36383988


COVID-19 in South Carolina: Experiences Using Facebook as a Self-Organizing Tool for Grassroots Advocacy, Education, and Social Support

This retrospective case report focuses on our findings, techniques, and lessons learned from social media for pandemic responses. During the COVID-19 pandemic in South Carolina, our staff created and operated a large Facebook group, and we used this platform to promote grassroots advocacy, public health education, and health equity. We also provided vaccine education and access information and supported school education as the Delta version came out, as well as a fruitful litigation campaign that culminated in a mask mandate on school buses.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9666415


Sanitary sewage overflows, boil water advisories, and emergency room and urgent care visits for gastrointestinal illness: a case-crossover study in South Carolina, USA, 2013-2017.

During low or negative pressure situations, Boil water advisories are distributed, alerting consumers of possible contamination in the drinking water distribution system. Objective In Columbia, South Carolina, and neighboring countries, 2013-2017 We investigated the correlations between SSOs and BWAs and diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease in Columbia, South Carolina, and neighboring areas. Methods The aim of SSOs and BWAs on Emergency Room and Urgent Care visits with a primary diagnosis of GI disease was determined by a unified bi-directional case-crossover study design. In a zip code where more than 80% of residents identified as Black or African-American, the highest numbers of SSOs, BWAs, and GI cases were recorded. During the 0-4-day risk period, an increase in the odds of a diagnosis of GI disease in the 0-4 day hazard period was observed, relative to control periods, but no associations were observed during the other hazard periods. During all three hazard periods, BWAs were not concerned with increased or decreased risks of GI illness. Significance SSOs and BWAs were also linked with an elevated risk of a diagnosis of GI disease. Future studies should investigate sewage contamination of the drinking water supply system and the mechanisms of sewage intrusion from SSOs. Physicians with elevated risk of Emergency Room and Urgent Care diagnoses of GI disease, owing to contamination of the drinking water distribution system, particularly because of contamination of the drinking water distribution system. Next, we found a neighborhood where over 80% of people identified as Black or African-American, which suffered a high incidence of sewage pollution in comparison to the majority of Columbia, compared to the rest of Columbia.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36376586


Racial, Ethnic, and Rural/Urban Disparities in HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in South Carolina.

Examining the current incidence rates of HIV and STIs among racial and ethnic group and rural communities is vital to inform and expand initiatives to eliminate inequalities and minimize the health risks of these diseases. Over a two-year period in South Carolina, a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was conducted using Medicaid administrative claims data. During the investigation period, 158,731 Medicaid beneficiaries had at least one medical claim. Compared to non-Hispanic black or other ethnic group/ethnicity, in multivariable models, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV, non-Hispanic Black or other minority race/ethnicity were notably linked to non-Hispanic Black or other ethnic group/ethnicity in comparison to non-Hispanic white race/ethnic white race/ethnic white race/ethnicity. Rural people were more likely to have a lawsuit involving chlamydia and gonorrhea than urban residents. Providing updated data on STIs and HIV among a racial/ethnic minority and rural populations in a southern state is highly recommended for developing state Medicaid policies to address health inequalities.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36331790

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions