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South Carolina - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 25 January 2023

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Moderation effect of community health on the relationship between racial/ethnic residential segregation and HIV viral suppression in South Carolina: A county-level longitudinal study from 2013 to 2018

Empirical findings showed racial/ethnic ineffective viral suppression among people living with HIV, but empirical evidence regarding the connection between racial/ethnic segregation and place-based viral suppression is limited. paraphrasedoutput:Methods is a website that publishes articles about PWH in each county and calendar year. We also investigated the consequences of racial/ethnic residential segregation and the moderation effect of community health, one measure of community involvement and volunteerism. paraphrasedoutput:ConclusionsRacial/ethnic residential segregation on viral suppression rates in counties with elevated community health and high levels of community involvement declined as a result of community health's improved outcomes of placed-based viral suppression rates and compromised the aim of the HIV treatment cascade. Intensive and sustained county-level projects aimed at improving community health can be effective ways to promote HIV treatment and care.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.1013967


South Carolina forestland owners’ willingness to accept compensations for carbon sequestration

Abstract Background Carbon sequestration through recommended forest management techniques is an ecosystem service that helps reduce climate change and its impacts while still providing carbon credits for forestland owners to sell in cap-and-trade schemes. According to this report, South Carolina private forestland owners'u2019 willingness to pay to participate in the California climate market using a contingent valuation system. Our results show a higher likelihood of forestland owners with an interest in conserving forest ecosystems than those who do not. In addition, forestland owners who trust in climate change from scientists or government are more likely to participate more than those who do not. The biggest obstacles to participating in California's carbon market are legislative uncertainty and long-term commitment, according to Forestland owners in SC. Forestland availability should be considered during future studies in the state on forestland owners' involvement in the carbon market.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-019-0175-1


Formative research to promote lupus awareness and early screening at Historically Black College and University (HBCU) communities in South Carolina

Abstract Background Systemic lupus erythematosus, or lupus is a common chronic autoimmune disease thatdisproportionately affects young African Americans. Increasing lupus awareness in this high-risk group may be a cost-effective way to ultimately improve lupus outcomes. Methods Two focus groups were held in South Carolina with African American students in the network of HBCUu2019s to investigate the perspectives of focus group participants on knowledge, education, and experiences with lupus. Besides, five key suggestions emerged to raise lupus awareness and support, including: remaining positive, building a network, increasing advocacy presence, and messaging tools on lupus, as well as providing education to spread the understanding of the clinical effects of lupus. Conclusion Participants in our survey concluded that lupus education and knowledge among African American youth was highly recommended, as well as the desire for tools that would enable them to advocate for themselves and their families.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41927-022-00323-6


Microhabitat use of larval fish in a South Carolina Piedmont stream

Understanding the habitat use and nursery areas of larval fish is a primary component of coping and preserving riverine fishes. Despite this, freshwater researchers often focus on adult fishes, resulting in a poor understanding of the habitat requirements for freshwater fishes in the early life stages of freshwater fishes. In Twelvemile Creek, a fifth-order tributary of Lake Hartwell in South Carolina, USA, the aim of this research was to quantify the larval fish microhabitat use of three fish families. Microhabitat information at each larval fish capture location was also collected by our researchers. Water velocity was correlated to changes in larval fish assemblage structure, according to a partial distance-based redundancy study. We also established temporal trends in larval fish counts, with peak Perfection and Leuciscidae counts in late July and the highest Catostomidae numbers in late May 2013-early June.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/02705060.2022.2144957


Precipitation trends in North and South Carolina, USA

New hydrological data for the areaThe majority of the stations in this region did not exhibit consistent, statistically significant trends across a variety of ETCCDI measures of precipitation volume, frequency, and intensity, according to the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices. A third of stations have a statistically significant increase in the annual number of light rain days; these generally match those with a statistically significant trend in wet days. Our findings contribute to a larger body of trends in the southeastern United States' rising trends, contributing to a growing body of natural disaster prevention that seeks to identify the relative contributions of several sources of natural hazards.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2022.101201


Geographic Disparities in Readmissions for Peripheral Artery Disease in South Carolina

Readmissions account for a significant health care issue among peripheral artery disease patients. This study sought to determine the ZIP code tabulation area ZCTA-level readmission among PAD patients and quantify the effect of covariates on readmissions; and 2 identify hotspots of PAD based on estimated prevalence of readmissions. According to the number of patients with a readmission, the risk of having a readmission is significantly linked to the percentage of patients aged 65 and older 0. 992, 0. 905, 1. 020, and hypertension 1. 014, 1. 018. 1. 020, 1. 015, 1. 023 u20131. 023.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010285


Assessment of trace elements directly from archived total suspended particulate filters by laser ablation ICP-MS: A case study of South Carolina

Background: Exposure to particulate air pollution is one of the top risk factors for adverse human health outcomes. Methods: In this case study, three South Carolina locations were used every 6 days, with total suspended particulates filters analyzed every 6 days in 2011. An inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer coupled with a laser ablation device was used to specifically identify 41 inorganic elemental species on air pollution filters. Correspondences between the United States Environmental Protection Agency's chemical analysis report and new study findings showed significant differences between 7/15 variables with enough variation for comparison. Conclusion: The various airborne components may need to be evaluated to determine combinations of elements that occur together in space and/or time. Such details can be very helpful in determining appropriate countermeasures and controls to address particulate air pollution.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemin.2022.100041


Resistance on the rise: Assessment of antibiotic-resistant indicator organisms in Shem Creek, Charleston, South Carolina

Antibiotic resistant bacteria have posed both a public health and environmental threat with rising prescription rates and coastal flooding as an increasing threat. Consistent water testing is the most important step in preventing the risk and dissemination of ARIs and determining what additional factors contribute to the growth of ARBs in an aquatic environment. Precipation was specifically related to the presence of bacteria within Shem Creek, according to this pilot study, which also confirmed that ARBs are present within local waterways in Charleston, South Carolina.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dialog.2022.100063


Clinical and Technical Considerations of an Open Access Telehealth Network in South Carolina: Definition and Deployment

Both the electronic health record and other medical device supporting health care are aided by this trend, with rises in the number of platforms, functionality, and levels of integrations supporting health care. When a telehealth network is supposed to be used throughout multiple health care facilities, an additional layer of complexity emerges. Objectivise The study sought to describe a statewide approach to deploying an interoperable open access telehealth network in a variety of health services. An open access network can be defined as a network infrastructure that can be used by health care professionals without a closed or proprietary platform, a specific network, or service-specific telehealth solutions. Based on the success of the South Carolina Telehealth Alliance, this framework for the creation of an OAN is based on concrete examples of clinical services that work in every stage of network maturity. In stage 3, a working interoperable network is shown with various organizations providing care through different patient care centers. ConclusionsThe OAN development strategy outlined in the paper gives a roadmap for building a robust telehealth network throughout various health care frameworks. The next steps toward OAN development include advocacy and ongoing consultation with the developers of telehealth technologies regarding their commitment to interoperability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2196/17348


State-Level Forestry Cost-Share Programs and Economic Impact of Increased Timber Outputs: A South Carolina Case Study

Public policies and programs that promote active ownership of these private lands, especially the afforestation of idle lands and reforestation of cut-over lands, have long influenced forest policies and programs in the United States. The federal government funded family forest reforestation initiatives dating back to the 1940s, and in the beginning, were partially funded by the federal government. Here, we use historical data from the South Carolina Forest Renewal Program, one of the oldest and well-established state forestry cost-share schemes, to determine the incremental timber outputs produced.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/resources6010004

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions