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ABSTRACT The moment magnitude u223c7 earthquake that struck Charleston, South Carolina, on August 31, 1886, was the country's largest historic earthquake east of the Appalachian Mountains, according to ABSTRACT. The earliest well-known ACP strata of Eocene age shows only modest thickness changes across these structures, indicating that some of the displacement dates to the less visible ACP strata of Eocene age. Several faults may have correlated to changes in river flows, bifurcations of river channels, and unusual river meanders that could be related to recent fault movement, and others. In comparison to our simulated NE fault trends, earthquake locations, and several key factors in the modern seismic zone, a nearly north-striking zone of aftershocks from the 1886 earthquake has been described as defining a nearly north-dipping zone of aftershocks in contrast to our predicted NE fault trends, earthquake locations, and some key structures.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1785/0120210329
Since being available in December 2020, COVID-19 vaccination rates have increased since their inception began in December 2020. The hesitancy of Black Americans in the vaccination process and vaccinations, in particular, may be due to several factors, including a lack of confidence in the medical establishment and vaccines in particular. This report explores how pastors in mainly Black churches use communication tools to raise COVID-19 vaccination rates among churchgoers and the surrounding neighborhood. As the need for COVID-19 vaccination continues, including booster vaccines, can be aided by pharmacists and community outreach to help African communities stay healthy.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19158926
The pogonias cromis, red drum Sciaenops ocellatus, silver perch Bairdiella chrysoura, and spotted seatrout Cynoscion nebulosus are all common in South Carolina estuaries and are commonly found in the Pogonias ocellatus. Within this report, we wanted to look at long-term trends of black drum, silver perch, spotted seatrout, and red drum calling and chorusing over a 6-year period; identify any shifts in seasonal sound production from one year to the next; and examine the relationship between chorusing and young-of-the-year abundance discovered through haul seines. In years of warmer springs, black drum, silver perch, and spotted seatrout, chorusing began earlier and had longer chorusing seasons than those of years with cooler temperatures. We found a greater number of silver perch, spotted seatrout, and red drum YOY in years with longer chorusing seasons than in years with shorter chorusing seasons.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps14109
Local stormwater control programs aimed at reducing pollutants and protecting water quality and reducing pollutants of concern are two important components of local stormwater management initiatives aimed at shielding water quality and lowering emissions that are often ignored. The Carolina Clear program partners with 39 communities around South Carolina to provide stormwater education and outreach. Carolina Clear conducted the third iteration of a telephone survey to determine local knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of residents concerned with stormwater and watershed safety. According to survey results, there are still many misconceptions about the key sources of stormwater pollution, whether stormwater is treated, and what activities cause pollution. In the end, the survey findings can be used by a variety of educators and researchers statewide to help identify and describe target audiences and help guide the design of stormwater programs that fill these knowledge gaps. Combining the survey findings with focus-group data will help educators remove barriers to taking action and inspire behavior change.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.34068/jscwr/08.02.06
The Water Quality Exchange and the Water Quality Portal are the nationally recognized data sources used for submitting, storing, and retrieving water quality records used by the Environmental Protection Agency (U2019). Through WQX/WQP, we encourage all water quality partners in South Carolina, particularly authors who publish their research in the Journal of South Carolina Water Resources, to make their results publicly available, thereby assisting others in creating original research, increases data integration in SCDHEC water quality assessments, and promotes public dissemination of water quality results by EPA's Howu2019s My Waterway.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.34068/jscwr/08.02.03
Since 1974, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control has been monitoring polychlorinated Biphenyls, and restrictive fish consumption guidelines have been in place at two reservoirs in South Carolina for several decades, based on the findings. Hence, additional monitoring of fish tissue for PCBs in the rivers and reservoirs of these two basins was initiated beginning in 2010. The PCB contamination, according to a spatial analysis, as well as historical literature, indicates that the source of the PCB contamination occurred in part from past direct application of used transformer oil on reservoirs along the two rivers, both basins. In the first half of the twentieth century, the use of used motor oil for mosquito control and malaria elimination was widespread in the first half, but studies indicate that for some utilitarian purposes, PCB oil was used to supplement these services.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.34068/jscwr/08.01.10
Beach monitoring samples were collected from 18 locations on Edisto Island, South Carolina, from 2000 to 2016 to determine water quality abuses identified by the presence of multiple Enterococcus species, including Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium bacteria used to determine surface water quality for contact recreation. In South Carolina, the bacteria strains were above 104 million percent maximum water quality standard. The change in population growth on Edisto Island has been also assessed, revealing that permanent residents have increased at a relatively low rate, though tourism growth has been stagnant, contributing to observed rises in Enterococcus SSM contraventions. According to Edisto Island's third only behind the Grand Strand and Sullivan's Island, both of which have much larger population densities than Edisto Island compared to Edisto Island. The majority of pollution sources were identified as from birds and dogs, according to these low population densities at Edisto Island and microbial source tracking results, highlighting the critical role of coastal flooding caused by climate change. As 24. 4% of all King Tide flood events in Charleston, South Carolina, in the last 67 years, have occurred from 2019 to 2020, with 24 percent increasing.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.34068/jscwr/08.01.08
There are no federally mandated PFAS limits, and geochemical differences within several states can lead to regionally specific PFAS contamination, resulting in state-specific guidelines for PFAS contamination in different environmental matrices. In South Carolina, we reviewed the sampling, analysis, and reporting practices of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control to learn the latest state-specific PFAS contamination guidelines. This report shows that SCDHEC has performed sampling and analysis of community drinking water systems for PFAS contamination that is supplied by surface water. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's proactive actions in South Carolina support in the investigation of the risks of PFAS contamination and are important steps for SCDHEC and South Carolina legislative stakeholders as they continue to develop and enforce state-specific requirements for PFAS chemicals and await more details and official regulatory guidance as they continue to develop and enforce state-specific requirements.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.34068/jscwr/08.01.06
Communities in South Carolina depend on reliable and safe sources of drinking water, and in general, they do not anticipate interruptions or issues with their water providers. Dependence will only rise with the rate at which the state is growing. SynTerra worked with five utilities in South Carolina to assess their risk and stability, as well as update or upgrade emergency response plans.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.34068/jscwr/08.01.03
Several remaining eddies around the barrier system in the Colleton River could possibly increase the water exchange between the Okatee/Colleton River Estuary and the outer Broad River. The saltmarsh bathymetry contributes significantly to the water level near low slack water but not in the maximum water coverage area at high slack water, according to a sensitivity study of flood rate to the slope of the inter-tidal zone.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse10070982
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