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South Africa - PubMed

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Last Updated: 28 July 2022

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To Trust or not to Trust: An Exploratory Qualitative Study of Personal and Community Perceptions of Vaccines Amongst a Group of Young Community Healthcare Workers in Soweto, South Africa.

Many adults are still unconvinced of the benefits and benefits of vaccinations as South Africa debates mandatory vaccination legislation to combat COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. We therefore sought the views of youth preparation to become community health workers as a youth group at the intersection of the community and the health system. We investigated young CHWs' experiences of vaccination hesitance for themselves, their peers, and the community through semi-structured interviews and an interview guide. The results point to widespread COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in this community, particularly amongst young people. Although mandatory vaccination programs have achieved success, several organisations' diverse socioeconomic history and recent civil strife, any mandatory vaccination policy will need careful health reporting with a focus on trust-building between communities, health services, and authorities, as well as more personalised approaches that consider cultural differences.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czac060


Experiences of participants in a decentralized antiretroviral therapy program in South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic.

In April and May 2020, We telephoned a random subsample of participants who participated in a prospective cohort research in KwaZulu-Natal, and administered a semi-structured telephone survey to consenting participants. Twenty-five participants had postponed ART pick-up due to the pandemic, while 212 had questions about ART access going forward. Mental health conditions during the pandemic were worse than those of baseline. During the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers outside of health care facilities may be able to help patients outside of health facilities, but economic questions and mental health issues related to the pandemic must also be addressed and addressed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2022.2095333


Testing the expectancy-disconfirmation theory: Geography, employment status and household size of local communities determine their perspectives of a local mine business in South Africa.

In the Mose Kotane Local Municipality in South Africa, we collected socioeconomic and survey results to reveal the interplay of local people with mining businesses, as well as findings on people's satisfaction levels toward the services provided by a local mining operation. We discovered that only 4-8% of customers' expectations were fulfilled by the local mine company, and that the mine's nearest communities do not receive significantly more services than those in other regions. However, when moving away from the mine, the percentage of moderately satisfied people tends to rise, while the percentage of dissatisfied people decreases. Residents of communities further from the mine are generally satisfied with the services provided by the mine, but these residents are likely to be employed people.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0270815


Using value chain and trade networks in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, as a basis for targeted rural chicken surveillance.

Despite the benefits of rural chickens in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province, this sector is still underdeveloped and poorly monitored for poultry diseases. The province needs targeted surveillance of chicken diseases in the province, as the lack of a scalable poultry disease surveillance system, along with communities and practices where the interactions between birds are high. Consequently, a survey was conducted that involved a rural chicken value chain analysis that also included an analysis of trading practices to identify biosecurity hotspots and determining barriers to rural farmers' entry. Secondly, a social media survey of chicken movements in the province was carried out to determine trade hubs that could be tagged for disease surveillance based on their centrality within the network, their size, and clout among their ego networks.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2022.105713


A descriptive cross-sectional study of food hygiene practices among informal ethnic food vendors in Gauteng Province, South Africa.

The immigrant population's hunger for ethnic foods has resulted in the proliferation of ethnic food stores. In Gauteng Province, South Africa, this report examined food hygiene practices among informal ethnic food vendors. Only half of the respondents did not reheat the food before serving, and only 10% followed proper food reheating techniques. Ethnic food vendors often fail food hygiene techniques and a lack of appropriate food handling equipment and facilities. Lack of knowledge of the importance of having food above 65 degrees of u02daC, as well as the high prevalence of not reheating the food before serving and not following proper food reheating procedures are all possible sources of worry because these activities can be potentially related to food contamination with foodborne disease-causing organisms. The findings published here, it is likely, could inspire policy makers to develop guidelines that promote selling healthy food by ethnic food vendors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2022.9885


Progress towards the UNAIDS 95-95-95 targets among pregnant women in South Africa: Results from the 2017 and 2019 national Antenatal HIV Sentinel Surveys.

According to 95 percent of HIV-positive people know their HIV status by 2030, 95% of HIV-positive people have received sustained antiretroviral treatment, and 95% of people on ART have viral suppression. Although statistics on the first and second 95 targets are routinely published nationally, South Africa's third 95 target are not available to pregnant women.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271564


Iyuku raathi, a new iguanodontian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Kirkwood Formation, South Africa.

We identify and describe a new ionodontian dinosaur from the Early Creteceous Kirkwood Formation, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. This dinosaur is one of only two ornithopod dinosaurs found in southern Africa's Cretaceous period, and is unique in that it is mainly represented by hatchling to young juveniles, as shown by bone histological analysis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.25038


Why Men Rape: Perspectives From Incarcerated Rapists in a KwaZulu-Natal Prison, South Africa.

Children's experiences related to heroin, alcohol use, and criminal conduct in the household and community have been attributed to an elevated risk of violence in adulthood. Less is aware of sexual assault homicide, particularly in the South African context. The experiences of imprisoned male perpetrators of rape in South Africa are explored in this book, as well as the broader cultural context and personal childhood experiences that could lead to rape perpetration. Eighteen male perpetrators of rape who were inmates at Westville Correctional Services in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, were interviewed. According to the reports, all rape perpetrators were exposed to at least one childhood trauma type. The results also highlight the need for actions aimed at reducing childhood trauma exposure and strengthening the social and emotional context of those at risk for childhood neglect and abuse.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.805289

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions