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South Africa - Crossref

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Last Updated: 28 July 2022

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South-South migration and elections: evidence from post-apartheid South Africa

Abstract: In Sub-Saharan Africa, few details are known about the political implications of immigration. We estimate the effect of immigration exposure on electoral outcomes in South Africa in this paper. We find that local immigration concentration has a negative influence on the success of the incumbent African National Congress, although the Democratic Alliance's main opposition party, the Democratic Alliance, has increased in municipalities with a greater immigrant population. They also state that immigration will influence election outcomes in situations where there is no single issue for the anti-migrant group.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2478/izajodm-2020-0015


Fragmenting the Family? The Complexity of Household Migration Strategies in Post-apartheid South Africa

Abstract Abstract: The disruption of family life is one of South Africa's most significant legacies of colonial and apartheid history. Although adult labor migration has obviously affected children, adult employment migration hasn't been ignored in the migration discussion, they have been historically ignored. We contribute to the literature by showing how a child lens helps us gain a better understanding of the complexities of household arrangements and migration processes for families. When considering children, we use nationally representative panel data to illustrate persistence and change in migration patterns in South Africa.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2478/izajodm-2019-0004


Responsible Artificial Intelligence in Government: Development of a Legal Framework for South Africa

Several international guideline papers recommend taking a human-centric approach to artificial intelligence research and use in society in order to ensure that AI applications are designed and used with due respect to ethical principles and human rights, as well as human rights. Some governments are using AI in the provision of public services, but there is a lack of appropriate policy and legal frameworks to ensure responsible AI in government. A potential South African legislative framework for accountable AI in government has been suggested.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.29379/jedem.v14i1.678


Associations between abdominal adiposity, body size and objectively measured physical activity in infants from Soweto, South Africa

Abstract Objectives: This research sought to determine relationships between abdominal adiposity, body size, and objectively measured physical activity in infancy, considering the importance of the early life period, as well as the increased prevalence of adoposity and insufficient physical activity in early childhood. Utilizing ultrasound, determining visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat was determined. Body composition exposures were adjusted for age, sex, and length; models with VAT and SAT were also adjusted for total abdominal fat; and total abdominal fat was also adjusted for total abdominal fat. No body composition variable was significantly associated with physical fitness in linear models. Infants with normal weight had more mean physical activity than those who were underweight or overweight infants. Infants in the lowest SAT tertile were more active than those in the middle or highest SAT tertiles when adjusting for total abdominal fat.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-022-03406-5


The impact of the independent review on SME access to bank finance: the case of South Africa

As logical as this plan may have been, a grey area emerged in that banks may now insist on audited financial reports, as well as this one. This report explores whether South African banks still consider audited financial reports as determining SME bank finance applications. The historic focus on audited financial statements was seen less significant than progressive future-oriented management claims and reports, contrary to expectations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21511/bbs.12(1-1).2017.06


Fostering new spaces: Celebrating and growing a diverse economy in Cape Town, South Africa

Four people working in Cape Town, South Africa, tell this thesis that the economy's varied interpretations and experiences reveal diverse interpretations and experiences of the economy through the narratives of four people working in Cape Town, South Africa. From a post-development/community economy perspective, I hope to create a space in which non-conventional economic and political activities are seen as relevant and valid locations for action, where hope for a better future can be facilitated. I began to question the polemic framing of the country's u201ctwo economiesu201d, a framing that ignores ordinary people's wellbeing in favour of neoliberal pro-growth policies. In doing so, I traced some of the participant's personal ties on a daily basis in order to promote a sense of place beyond traditional notions of scale and politics. I also agree that if we want to recognize the community economy as a significant and persistent point of struggle, we must seek to understand politics as well as immediate mobilization. This report is based on a post-structural, feminist position, not only to deconstruct the ostensible dominance of the capitalist economy, but also to contribute to a movement of rapidly evolving economic discourse and encouraging people to explore this space and reclaim their agency.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.26686/wgtn.20387871


Factors that Influence Teenage Antenatal Care Utilization in John Taolo Gaetsewe (JTG) District of Northern Cape Province, South Africa: Underscoring the Need for Tackling Social Determinants of Health

In John Taolo Gaetsewe, South Africa's largest rural and poor district, there are several factors that contribute to the uptake of ANC services among teenage women. The aim of this research was to determine the reasons that prompted the uptake of ANC services among teenage mothers in JTG district's JTG district. Methods: In all public health centers in the JTG district, a cross-sectional health facility-based research using a mixed method was carried out. Mothers age, distance from the nearest health center, and client service satisfaction OR=8. 58; 95%CI =2. 10-34. 95 are all significant factors in poor uptake of ANC services, according to a logistic regression review. Conclusion and Global Health Implications: There is a need to raise the quality of adolescent reproductive health services that are tailored to their health and developmental needs. In addition, addressing the social determinants of health that influence individuals healthy life style and health seeking behavior is vital.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21106/ijma.157


Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa: Universalistic Science or Indigenous Knowledge or Hybrid

Abstract This chapter is intended to provide an answer, through a document review, case studies, and thematic content analysis, to which direction Southern Africa should take in the face of climate change, as well as a framework for adaptations by communities experiencing climatic events. Acknowledging that the initial set of concepts developed by indigenous knowledge works best at a small scale, the chapter recommends that we should continue to value IK-based response practices in the knowledge hybridization project. Local-based indigenous response activities in Africa must be supplemented, as the increasing magnitude and severity of climate change impacts has escalated vulnerability. Real and bizarre steps are mixed in a single package as a result of climate change adaptation's adaptation. However, it is also unknown how such a hybrid strategy could be used without considering the former as a minor component of climate science discourses.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-45106-6_8


Biomass Burning Effects on the Climate over Southern West Africa During the Summer Monsoon

Observations made during a field campaign of Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa during the West African Monsoon of June to July 2016, have discovered large amounts of BB aerosols in the Planetary Boundary Layer over southern West Africa, particularly in the southern West African Monsoon. The SWA domain saw a decrease in surface shortwave radiation up to about 6. 5 W m u22122 and an 11% rise in Cloud Droplets Number Concentration. Furthermore, BB aerosols were discovered to be responsible for a 70% increase in organic carbon below 1 km in the PBL, followed by black carbon with 24. 5%. As a method of climate change mitigation and adaptation, this report emphasizes the importance of implementing a long-term air quality monitoring system in SWA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-45106-6_86

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions