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Smoking Cessation - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 26 January 2023

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The Effect of Smoking Cessation on Acute Pain: A Systematic Review

However, acute pain often prompts the desire for cigarette use, resulting in a positive feedback system. Therefore, we wanted to see if a period of decreased pain tolerance and elevated pain intensity exists in this research, and that during smoking cessation. A systematic literature search was carried out through PubMed and Web of Science databases for controlled studies examining the effects of smoking cessation on acute and postoperative pain. Pain perception threshold, pain tolerance, pain tolerance, pain intensity, and postoperative opioid requirements were among the study's focus's. The mean number of daily smoked cigarettes was 17. 5 million, down from 10. 3. The majority of studies found in this systematic review show a negative effect of smoking cessation on acute pain. However, the affected pain modalities, the duration of the enhanced pain experience, and whether male and female smokers are similarly affected can't be determined due to high heterogeneity and few available studies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40122-022-00462-1


Implementation strategies to increase smoking cessation treatment provision in primary care: a systematic review of observational studies

Background: Healthcare professionals worldwide are exposed to a u2018 evidence-practice divide u2019 in the rate healthcare professionals evaluate tobacco use and provide cessation assistance in clinical settings, including primary care. Aim: To identify implementation plans aimed at raising smoking cessation treatment supply in primary care, their safety, cost-effectiveness, and any potential facilitators and barriers for success. Studies were accepted if they evaluated an implementation plan adopted on a national/state level, targeting any type of healthcare professional within the primary care setting and aiming to raise smoking cessation therapy services. Using the Risk Of Bias In Non-randomized Studies of Interventions program, researchers were surveyed. Interventions in the use of financial tools also appeared to raise smoking cessation. Conclusions Some of the implementation strategy categories increased the rate of smoking status monitoring and cessation assistance in primary care. We found some evidence for changes that had a positive effect on cessation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-023-01981-2


Alcohol and Smoking Cessation as Potential Modulators for Smoking-Associated Psoriasis Risk in Postmenopausal Women: The Women’s Health Initiative

History In studies, alcohol has been shown to be insignificant in connection with psoriasis. Objectives We wanted to find out whether alcohol consumption modulates smoking-related psoriasis risk in postmenopausal women, as well as testing the effects of smoking cessation on postmenopausal women. Methods This prospective cohort study included 106,844 postmenopausal women who registered in the Women's Health Initiative from 1993 to 1998. Former smokers had a reduced risk of psoriasis among women who smoked 5u201314 cigarettes per day and those who smoked for 5 years compared to smokers at baseline. Patients with fewer risk factors for psoriasis and smoking cessation were previously thought to be at a higher risk of psoriasis and smoking cessation, but increased pack-years were also connected to a reduced risk of psoriasis among moderate smokers, and a greater focus on cessation and cessation may have aided in lower risk of psoriasis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40257-022-00750-8


Development and Evaluation of Brief Web-Based Education for Primary Care Providers to Address Inequities in Lung Cancer Screening and Smoking Cessation Treatment

Individuals at risk of lung cancer are urged to have annual lung cancer screening annually. However, primary care provideru2013initiated discussions about LCS and referrals for screening are poor overall, particularly among Black or African Americans and other minoritized racial and ethnic groups. Disparities also exist when receiving provider instructions to avoid smoking. Effective strategies are required to raise provider awareness of LCS and tobacco-related inequalities and help solve LCS rates' inequity. Detailed information regarding LCS and the health inequalities associated with LCS is presented here by the Naughty Learning Network's Lung Cancer Health Disparities Web-based course on primary care providers who are unaware of LCS and the health issues related to LCS. Primary care practitioners recruited from the MedStar Health System were sent by a quasi-experimental study to complete the LuCa course only vs. the LuCa + HD courses.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13187-023-02262-3


Lottery incentives for smoking cessation at the workplace: design and protocol of the smoke-free lottery - a cluster randomized trial

Background Smoking is the most common behavioral risk factor for the decline of healthy life years. Workplace cessation assistance could be more effective when using behavioral economic information. Methods and design We find out in a cluster randomized trial if a workplace cessation group education coupled with lottery deadlines would raise continuous abstinence rates above and beyond cessation training alone. If they smoked, the lotteries profit from the delay by always informing winners at the deadline but withholding awards if they smoked. Discussion The search for incentives to promote smoking cessation is being considered fair, affordable, and effective across a variety of socioeconomic statuses. Previous experiments in altering health behaviour have demonstrated promising success in changing health behaviors. This cluster randomised trial aims to determine if these lotteries are also helpful in promoting smoking cessation. Trial registration Dutch Trial Register Identifier: NL8463.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14915-x


Staff perspectives on smoking cessation treatment in German psychiatric hospitals

Aim Although people with mental illness have a greater risk of nicotine dependence and have a significantly reduced life expectancy as a result, healthcare professionals are less likely to encourage patients to quit smoking and are reluctant to encourage patients to quit. Such employee resistance must be better understood in order to improve smoking cessation therapy for psychiatric patients. Conclusions Although most participants acknowledge the value of smoking cessation in psychiatric patients, they claim that they do not comply with international standards that recommend routinely asking patients about their smoking habits and providing cessation assistance. Staff are uncertain about how to promote smoking cessation therapy and understanding the effects of smoking on drug metabolism. Staff training should be encouraged to increase awareness of the international standards and treatment options for smoking cessation and increase understanding of how smoking cigarettes can affect both the physical and mental wellbeing of psychiatric patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-022-01811-2


The effectiveness of a motivational text-messaging program for smoking cessation after coronary angioplasty: a quasi-experimental study

Object Smoking is a risk factor in coronary artery stenosis after angioplasty. For two months, the intervention group received 32 text messages about smoking cessation for 32 weeks. Results In the intervention group, quitting cigarette smoking was dramatically higher than in the control group compared to the control group. In addition, after the intervention, the mean score of self-efficacy in the intervention group was much higher than the control group and higher than before the intervention. Patients undergoing coronary angioplasty may have a motivational text-messaging program that can raise self-confidence and success in smoking cessation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-022-06267-x


Exploring smoking cessation experiences among persons with spinal cord injury: Informing theory-based recommendations for interventions

Study design Qualitative research is a qualitative research. Goal: To find factors that influence smoking cessation behaviour among SCI people with SCI, and to determine the most effective intervention and implementation options for tobacco cessation for people with SCI, the SCI initiative uses an integrated knowledge translation and theory-based approach. Methods Aligned with an IKT strategy, an SCI group was actively involved in the study process. Interviews with people with SCI who have quit or attempted to stop smoking were conducted in a semi-structured interview. Barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation were extracted and deductively coded using the Theoretical Domains Framework and then inductively analysed. Multiple ways of delivery and intervention messengers were considered essential in the delivery of tobacco cessation services. Conclusion This is the first to use IKT and theory-based techniques to investigate what causes smoking cessation among people with SCI. The findings from this research resulted in the co-development of practical recommendations for future SCI-specific smoking cessation interventions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41393-022-00856-0

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions