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Smoking Cessation - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 26 July 2022

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Smoking Cessation Interventions in Indigenous North Americans: A Meta-Narrative Systematic Review.

Introduction Indigenous North Americans have the highest cigarette smoking prevalence among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. We are looking to find effective components of smoking cessation programs in Indigenous people in the United States that have positive cessation rates. Methods An analysis of literature investigating smoking cessation policies in Indigenous North Americans from January 2010 to August 2021 was completed. The primary aim of this research was to identify elements of interventions that have been associated with improved smoking cessation results in Indigenous populations. Conclusions A successful smoke cessation program in Indigenous North Americans includes Tribal or community involvement in intervention design and implementation; it should include individual counseling sessions for participants; and access to approved smoking cessation aids such as pharmacotherapy. The use of high-quality care cessation products in Indigenous North Americans should come first in future smoking cessation efforts.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35869642


Tobacco Harm Reduction with Vaporised Nicotine (THRiVe): A Feasibility Trial of Nicotine Vaping Products for Smoking Cessation Among People Living with HIV.

People living with HIV have elevated risk of tobacco use. Nicotine vaping items can aid in tobacco cessation and/or harm reduction. This research was designed to determine the safety of NVPs for promoting tobacco cessation among PLHIV. The Tobacco Harm Reduction with Vaporised Nicotine study by 29 PLHIVs was a mixed-methods experiment among 29 PLHIVs who used nicotine daily. Short-term abstinence was attained by 35% of participants at Week 12 and 31% reported short-term abstinence at Week 24.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35869375


Cost-effectiveness analysis of smoking cessation interventions with behavioral support: a study based on the Benefits of Smoking Cessation on Outcomes (BENESCO) model.

Introduction Few studies have compared cost-effectiveness of various smoking cessation programs that include behavioral interventions and considering smoking-related disorders. Using the Benefits of Smoking Cessation on Outcomes model, we can determine the cost-effectiveness of SCIs with behavioral intervention in South Korea. According to historian Rebecca and Savill, respectively, the ICER for the expert+varenicline company versus the pharmacist+NRT and expert+NRT groups was 27,247 and 4,074 USD per QALY. Conclusions pharmacist consulting with NRT in Korea resulted in higher QALY improvements and lower costs than expert advice with NRT. Expert advice with vaping was more cost-effective for smoking cessation and more cost-effective than expert advice with NRT, but was not cost-effective compared to pharmacist counseling with NRT, but not cost-effective compared to pharmacist counseling with NRT. Implications: This report provides evidence for decision-making on smoking cessation policies by analyzing the cost-effectiveness of SCIs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35862219


Smoking abstinence and cessation-related outcomes one month after an immediate versus gradual reduction in nicotine content of cigarettes.

Smokers not interested in quitting were recruited for the parent trial from 2014 to 2016 across ten sites around the country and randomly assigned to VLNC cigarettes, gradually transitioned to VLNC cigarettes with five monthly dose decreases, or smoked normal nicotine research cigarettes. Immediate reduction resulted in reduced mean cigarettes per day and Fagerstruggg Test for Cigarette Dependence in comparison to both gradual and control groups, leading to reduced mean cigarettes per day and Fagerstru00f6 million Test for Dependence than the gradual and control groups. Switching to VLNC cigarettes resulted in reduced tobacco and nicotine dependence severity, which was sustained for at least a month after the VLNC trial period in smokers who were not interested in cessation, according to the findings. In those who immediately switched to VLNC cigarettes, the highest harm reduction endpoints were recorded.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35870575


Assessment of formal tobacco treatment and smoking cessation in dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes.

In the same way, it is unclear if formal tobacco treatment raises smoking cessation in those who use both cigarettes and e-cigarettes. At 6, 12 months, we investigated the connection between e-cigarette use and the point of smoking cessation at 6 and 12 months. Compared to non-users, the rate of smoking cessation in e-cigarette users at 12 months was higher among e-cigarette users than non-users. Further, the prevalence of smoking cessation at 12 months among dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes was higher among individuals who received nicotine replacement than those who did not receive tobacco therapy at 12 months.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35863765


An application of the stress-diathesis model: A review about the association between smoking tobacco, smoking cessation, and mental health

Background: Although worldwide, approximately 24% of all adults smoke, but smoking is up to twice as prevalent in people with mental illness. Smoking has been shown to be a contributing risk factor in the development of mental health disorders, and nicotine cessation has improved mental stability. Our analysis shows that smoking is a psychobiological stressor, but that the individuals'u2019 diathesis to create mental ill-health and other risk and protective factors influence this behavior. Conclusion: There is robust evidence establishing that smoking can adversely influence the brain and mental health, as well as novel causal inference studies, and that smoking cessation can prevent mental ill-health caused by smoking. According to our report, smoking cessation strategies can help avoid mental distress as well as physical disease.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR521545


Effectiveness of the national German quitline for smoking cessation: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

Background: Despite the decline in cigarette use in the German adult population over the past two decades, tobacco use is still widespread in the German adult population, accounting for 125,000 deaths per year and raising significant social costs. Evidence-based smoking cessation strategies are pivotal to a national tobacco control initiative, helping to minimize the prevalence of tobacco use. The present research investigates the effectiveness of the national German Smokers Quitline, which offers cessation assistance to smokers. During an intervention period of about six weeks, participants will receive up to six proactive phone calls during the intervention period. It is expected that after three and a month, smoking cessation rates in the telephone counselling condition will be higher than in the control condition.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35854238


Preoperative Risk Management Programs at the Top 50 Orthopaedic Institutions Frequently Enforce Strict Cutoffs for BMI and Hemoglobin A1c Which May Limit Access to Total Joint Arthroplasty and Provide Limited Resources for Smoking Cessation and Dental Care.

Rather than engaging in shared decision-making with patients about those risk factors, surgeons use cutoffs for BMI, hemoglobin A1c, and cigarette smoking to limit surgery to patients with lower risk profiles rather than engaging in shared decision-making with patients. Methods We reviewed the top Orthopaedic hospitals in the United States to determine preoperative cutoffs for hemoglobin A1c and BMI, as well as patient access to nonorthopaedic specialists at the top orthopaedic hospitals in the United States as ranked by the top orthopaedic hospitals in the United States by the 2020 U. S. News and World Report's "Best Hospitals for Orthopedics" list. To obtain data concerning the usage of preoperative cutoffs for hemoglobin A1c and BMI, as well as the availability and insurance acceptance policies of weight loss and dental clinics, we used a surgeon-targeted email survey. We investigated our second and third research questions by a combination of the surgeon surveys' findings and specific hospital telephone calls. At 77% of responding organizations, and preoperative BMI cutoffs were used at 54% of responding institutions. Patients were referred to a specific department within their organization, 52% referred to a state-run smoking cessation hotline, and 18% referred to a state-run smoking cessation hotline. Regarding dental hygiene, 48 percent of hospitals had a dental clinic that did presurgical check-ups and 46% did not have a dental clinic that provided presurgical check-ups, while 48% did not have any internal or external referral for dental care. The majority of dental clinics accepted Medicaid insurance in the unveiled shopper portion of our report, which included 86% of weight loss clinics, 88% of tobacco cessation services, and 58% of dental clinics accepted Medicaid insurance.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35862861


Co-development of an evidence-based personalised smoking cessation intervention for use in a lung cancer screening context

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Optimizing smoking cessation services within a low radiation-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening scheme has the potential to increase cost-effectiveness and overall efficacy of the service. Eight members of the public with a history of smoking completed an online poll to inform the visual presentation of risk data in subsequent focus groups for acceptability testing. Exemplar images of the heart and lungs obtained by LDCT, absolute and relative lung cancer risk, and lung age were shown. Due to the reaffirtion of fatalistic beliefs, the presentation of absolute and relative risks of lung cancer and lung age was considered highly demotivating. PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: Supporting patients during lung cancer screening will increase the overall benefit and value for money of the service, which will increase the service's overall value and value for money. This research produced a booklet with pictures of a person's own lungs and heart during a lung cancer screening test. The booklet includes information about the benefits of stopping smoking, as well as positive advice to encourage smokers to avoid smoking and letting patients know about the benefits of stopping smoking. Members of the public requested information about the short-term effects of quitting smoking, and that colored drawings attached to the scan picture would assist them in figuring out what the scan picture meant. We've co-authored a book that warns people to avoid smoking before going for lung cancer screening.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR520243


COVID-19 and hookah smoking cessation among women in Southern Iran: A cross-sectional study.

Hookah smoking does not only cause COVID-19 but it also raises the disease's signs. According to this, the current study sought to determine the relationship between COVID-19 and hookah cessation in female smokers. In Bandar Abbas, Iran, face-to-face interviews were held between November 2020 and January 2021 to investigate the pattern of hookah use among 561 female hookah smokers. During the pandemic, thirteen percent of women were able to avoid hookah smoking successfully. In single women and as well as women with a high socioeconomic status, the odds ratio of hookah cessation was higher. It was also higher among women who started hookah smoking at an older age and those without a hookah smoker family member.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35848960

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions