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Smoking Cessation - Crossref

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Last Updated: 26 January 2023

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The impact of cigarette prices on smoking onset and cessation: evidence from Vietnam

Background: Vietnam is a nation with very high smoking rates among males. According to a Global Adult Tobacco Survey, which was conducted in 2015, the average daily smoking prevalence among Vietnamese men was 39 percent. We only considered men because smoking prevalence among women is low among women. We estimated the effect of cigarette prices on smoking onset and cessation using discrete-time hazard methods. Conclusions We found that higher cigarette prices reduce the likelihood of smoking onset. By a 1% rise in the cigarette price, the risk of smoking onset is reduced by 1. 2 percent. We didn't find evidence that cigarette prices had an effect on tobacco cessation among Vietnamese men. To minimize smoking onset, Vietnam should continue to increase excise duty on cigarettes to reduce smoking onset. Since smokers are able to pay hikes, tobacco control initiatives, such as smoke-free zones and tobacco advertising bans, should be more enforced to encourage people to avoid smoking.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/tc-2022-057689


Implementation strategies to increase smoking cessation treatment provision in primary care: a systematic review of observational studies

Abstract Background: Abstract Summary - Background Worldwide, a 2018 evidence-practice disconnect exists in the rate healthcare professionals' assess tobacco use and provide cessation assistance in clinical care, including primary care. Aim: To determine implementation plans aimed at raising smoking cessation treatment supply in primary care, their safety, cost-effectiveness, and any identified facilitators and barriers for success. If they evaluated an implementation plan on a national/state-wide basis, focusing on any type of healthcare professional within the primary care setting in the hopes of raising smoking cessation treatment, studies were included. Interventions in the use of financial planning domain also appeared to raise smoking cessation. Conclusions: Some implementation strategy categories raised the risk of smoking status testing and cessation guidance in primary care. We found some evidence for interventions that had a positive effect on cessation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-023-01981-2


Targeting Smoking Triggers: A Nurse-led Intervention for Tobacco Smoking Cessation

In the study group, the percentage of people who were able to completely quit smoking or drastically reduce the number of smoked cigarettes per day was higher than those in the control group. Conclusion: At the sixth-week sequel, the tailored nursing intervention revealed significant differences in the inability to improve readiness to quit smoking among patients with non-communicable chronic diseases, including patients with non-communicable chronic diseases, and the intervention group and control group were both effective, and the recommendation to educate nurses in clinical settings to encourage patients to achieve this is highly recommended.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.14710/nmjn.v12i3.47107


Lower risk of depression after smoking cessation and alcohol abstinence in patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy: A population-based nationwide cohort study.

Background: Although depression is often associated with poor treatment results and lower quality of life in cancer patients, no one is aware that lifestyle changes can help avoid depression in these patients. Methods: We discovered gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy between 2010 and 2017. We used the Korean National Health Insurance Service website to find gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy between 2010 and 2017. Comparing to continuous smoking and persistent drinking, respectively, smoking cessation and alcohol abstinence were both correlated with decreased risk of depression formation. As life scores increased from 0 to 3, 2, and 3 points, when lifestyle habits following gastrectomy were assessed from 0 to 3 points, the chance of depression decreased significantly. Conclusions: Smoking cessation and alcohol cessation can reduce the risk of depression in gastric cancer patients undergoing gastrectomy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2023.41.4_suppl.314


Impact of smoking cessation counseling among acute myocardial infarction patients on post-hospitalization mortality rates: a systematic review

Abstract Objectives of the current systematic review The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of smoking cessation advice on patients in the acute myocardial infarction. Patients of the post-AMI hospital stay were not routinely urged to avoid smoking during their post-AMI hospital stay. AMI patientsu2019 who received SCC showed a decline in mortality among AMI patientsu2019 who received SCC compared to patients who did not receive it.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2478/fon-2022-0025


Formulation, Optimization and Characterization of Bupropion Hydro-chloride Loaded Nanostructured Lipid Carriers for Intra-Nasal Admin-istration: An Approach to Management of Smoking Cessation

Background: Tobacco smoking is a significant contributor to cardiovascular disease. About 48% of cardiovascular diseases are related to cigarette smoking, accounting for 48% of cardiovascular diseases. Bupropion hydrochloride is a non-nicotine drug used for smoking cessation. Bupropion's new marketed version has drawbacks, including poor bioavailability and extensive first-pass metabolism. Results: The particle size of the modified formulation was 162 nm, the polydispersity index was 12. 2%, and the zeta potential was -29. 0 mgmv. An In vitro drug testing study was conducted, and at the end of 72 hours, 50% of the drug was released, indicating that the drug was still available, which indicates continuing supply of the drug. The NLC formu-lationlation was non-toxic for intranasal administration, according to Histo-pathological studies, which found the goat nasal mucosa. Conclusion: An increased amount of drug can be delivered to the brain via the olfactory pathway, raising the therapeutic effect and improving patient compliance with smoking cessation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2174/2468187313666221020143555


The Role of Physiotherapists in Smoking Cessation Management: A Scoping Review

Smoking is prevalent and is predicted to increase in the next decade, globally, and so, smoking cessation is a key management tactic to prevent further increase. This research sought to analyze and analyze the published evidence on physiotherapists' use in smoking cessation prevention, beliefs, and use of SC counseling in physiotherapy practice; and, how to investigate barriers to smoking cessation counseling within physiotherapy practice. In vaping cessation, the search revealed no studies that have looked into the role of PTs in vaping cessation. PTs aren't well-informed about SC counseling and management in their work, according to the survey. In addition, the survey revealed that lack of training, time, and knowledge were the most common barriers to including SC counseling in physiotherapy services and rehabilitation programs. According to the clinical guidelines, the potential for including SC counseling is encouraged.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11030336


Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Smoking Cessation

Abstract This article discusses the theory, clinical findings, evidence, and tactics of intervention for the application of acceptance and commitment therapy to tobacco cessation. A session-by-session clinical summary of an ACT cessation intervention is given following an overview of the underlying frame theory underpinning the ACT cessation interventions and comparisons between ACT and standard clinical practice guideline cessation interventions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780197550076.013.23


Process and Information Needs When Searching for and Selecting Apps for Smoking Cessation: Qualitative Study Using Contextual Inquiry

Hundreds of applications are available to assist people who are trying to quit smoking. However, little is known about how people choose apps for smoking cessation, or what exactly people need to hear about an application before choosing to buy it. Understanding the decision-making process may ultimately be helpful in creating apps to help people properly choose applications. Objective This research intends to gain insight into the process of finding and selecting mobile apps for smoking cessation and mapping the range of options and accompanying reasons during the search, focusing on the information needs and experiences of those looking for an app. Methods Conducted 10 Dutch adults were attempting to quit smoking by using an app. To figure out what is involved in finding and choosing apps for smoking cessation, we used thematic analysis to analyze the transcripted interviews and leveraged a combination of video and audio recordings. Conclusions The process of finding smoking cessation applications is extensive: participants investigated, analyzed, and searched for details; imagined using features; compared games; and assessed the trustworthiness of apps and information; and made several decisions when navigating the internet and app stores; and made various decisions. Conclusions: Finding an app in the latest app stores that has functionality and capabilities that can assist in quitting smoking can be a frustrating experience, and it is vulnerable to data processing errors that influence decision making.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2196/32628


The Impact on Mortality and Societal Costs From Smoking Cessation in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery in the United States

Abstract Background Medical Abstract The aim of this essay is that patients must quit smoking before being admitted to elective plastic surgery procedures. Scarce studies have published articles describing the consequences on mortality and societal cost savings related to smoking cessation in aesthetic surgery. Objectives Our aim is to demonstrate that smoking cessation in anticipation of aesthetic surgery reduces mortality and raises community cost savings. Methods We conducted a systematic literature review of 5 common aesthetic procedures in order to determine patient smoking prevalences and subsequent recidivism. Before undergoing aesthetic plastic surgery procedures, patients quit smoking between May 2008 and May 2013. Smoking cessation prior to aesthetic plastic surgery is associated with 429 lives saved and a total lifetime savings of $ 524. 4 million over the five-year period, with a reported recidivism rate of 68%.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy172

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions