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Smoking Cessation - Crossref

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Last Updated: 26 July 2022

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Factors Associated with Adherence to Transdermal Nicotine Patches within a Smoking Cessation Effectiveness Trial

Introduction : Adherence to transdermal nicotine patches, one of the most common and effective treatments for nicotine dependence, remains extremely poor, and is a good predictor of cessation rates. Methods : We reviewed results from 440 participants who received 8 weeks of 21 mg transdermal nicotine and four behavioural counseling sessions in an efficiency trial that looked at long-term treatment's effects. Adherence to patch use was strongly connected to smoking cessation at week 8. Lower patch adherence was predicted by a logistic regression model, being female, living with a child or children, and higher self-reported anxiety. Conclusions : Difficulties adhering to transdermal nicotine patches may be related to psychological dependence, difficulty in coping with nicotine dependence, addiction to nicotine control, and difficulties in involving in substitute reinforcers and limiting exposure to complementary reinforcers.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1017/jsc.2017.2


Varenicline Treatment for Waterpipe Smoking Cessation

We compared abortion rates with 12-week vapingline medication versus placebo among regular waterpipe smokers willing to quit. Methods This double-blind placebo-controlled single-center trial, random waterpipe smokers from Lebanon who did not smoke other tobacco products, did not smoke other tobacco items, received either vaping or placebo for 12 weeks. Point prevalence abstinence determined by self-report and confirmed by exhaled carbon monoxide three times in 12 weeks and analyzed with the intention to treat, according to the primary result. In total, 152 waterpipe smokers who wanted to quit were randomized, with only those who smoked waterpipe. Implications Varenicline in combination with a behavioral intervention did not significantly raise the quit rate among sole waterpipe smokers compared to behavioral intervention plus placebo. We had trouble recruiting exclusive waterpipe smokers keen to quit, and there were high dropout rates among participants demonstrating the challenges of waterpipe smoking cessation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntac162


Smoking Cessation Interventions in Indigenous North Americans: A Meta-Narrative Systematic Review

Abstract Abstract: Indigenous North Americans have the highest cigarette smoking prevalence among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. We're looking for efficient components of smoking cessation programs in Indigenous people in the United States that have high cessation rates. Methods An analysis of literature examining smoking cessation policies in Indigenous North Americans from January 2010 to August 2021 was completed. The primary aim of this investigation was to identify elements of interventions that could be associated with improved smoking cessation results in Indigenous populations. Conclusion A successful smoking cessation program in Indigenous North Americans includes Tribal or community involvement in intervention planning and implementation; it should include customized coaching sessions for participants; and access to approved smoking cessation aids, such as pharmacotherapy. The use of high-quality care cessation techniques should come first in future smoking cessation efforts in Indigenous North Americans.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntac181


Smoking Cessation in People With and Without Diabetes After Acute Coronary Syndrome

Abstract Introduction With cardiovascular risks, people with diabetes smoke at similar rates as those without diabetes. After an acute coronary syndrome, the smoking cessation rates were similar among people with and without diabetes one year after. People with diabetes accounted for 31% and 42. 6% for people without diabetes at 1 year, while those without diabetes were at 42 percent. People with diabetes who smoked were less likely to stop smoking after adjustment for age, sex, and educational level than those without diabetes who did not smoke. Smoke cessation was a positive predictor of smoking cessation among people with diabetes, cardiac rehabilitation, and personal experience of cardiovascular disease was a negative predictor of smoking cessation. People with diabetes who smoke are less likely to quit smoking after an ACS and require customized secondary prevention services. People with diabetes who smoked were less likely to stop smoking after an ACS than those without diabetes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntac161


Tobacco Harm Reduction with Vaporised Nicotine (THRiVe): A Feasibility Trial of Nicotine Vaping Products for Smoking Cessation Among People Living with HIV

b. In conclusion, HIV-infected people have elevated rates of tobacco use. Nicotine vaping products may aid in tobacco cessation and/or harm reduction. This report was designed to determine the possibility of NVPs for promoting tobacco cessation among PLHIV's. The Tobacco Harm Reduction With Vaporized Nicotine Study was a mixed-methods trial among 29 PLHIVs who used cigarettes regularly. Among PLHIV, NVPs may be a feasible and potentially harmful short-term tobacco cessation aid and/or harm reduction tool.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-022-03797-0


A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Comprehensive Smoking-Cessation Interventions Based on the Community and Hospital Collaboration

Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking in China is high, and the use of smoking cessation clinics is low. Smoke cessation efforts that involve community and hospital collaboration have the ability to raise the smoking cessation rate. Methods We conducted a smoking cessation study in 19 community health service centers in Beijing, China. The smoking cessation rate in the CI group and 21. 2 percent in the PI group dropped by 30. 0% after six months of follow-up. The intervention tactics of the PI group and the CI group were discovered to be cost-effective, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $ 535. 62/QALY and $366. 19/QALY, respectively, using the Markov method. Conclusion CI for smoking cessation, which is based in hospital and community in China, is more cost-effective than PI alone. As a result, this smoking cessation strategy should be considered to be used in healthcare settings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.853438


Cost-effectiveness analysis of smoking cessation interventions with behavioral support: a study based on the Benefits of Smoking Cessation on Outcomes (BENESCO) model

Abstract The aim of this article is to compare cost-effectiveness of various smoking cessation programs that include behavioral guidance and monitoring smoking-related disorders. We therefore compare the cost-effectiveness of SCIs with behavioral intervention in South Korea using the Benefits of Smoking Cessation on Outcomes model. Methods We used the BENESCO model to determine the cost and effectiveness of the SCIs with behavioral assistance, including pharmacist consultation with nicotine replacement therapy, expert consultation with NRT, and expert advice on vaping with nicotine replacement therapy. Conclusions Pharmatechnics in Korea found higher QALY gains and lower costs in comparison to expert advice with NRT. Expert assistance with nicotine cessation was more cost-effective for smoking cessation and more cost-effective than expert advice with NRT, but not cost-effective compared to pharmacist consultation with NRT was cost-effective, but it was not cost-effective compared to pharmacist assistance with NRT. Implications This report provides evidence for decision-making on smoking cessation schemes by examining the cost-effectiveness of SCIs.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntac172


Factors Predicting the Provision of Smoking Cessation Services Among Occupational Health Nurses in Thailand

Self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and directly influenced the relationship between workplace causes, nurses' concerns, and smoking cessation services, according to structural equation modeling. The results reveal that self-efficacy is a mediator that influences occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Interventions to raise nurses' confidence in providing smoking cessation services are likely to increase nurses' competence in providing smoking cessation services to employees.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/2165079916670661


Assessment of formal tobacco treatment and smoking cessation in dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes

History The use of electronic cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid is uncertain. At 6 and 12 months, we investigated the connection between e-cigarette use and the point of smoking cessation at 6 and 12 months. Over the course of the investigation, the prevalence of dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes has increased dramatically. When compared to non-users, the incidence of smoking cessation was at 12 months was higher among e-cigarette users than in non-users. The prevalence of smoking cessation at 12 months among individuals who received tobacco and e-cigarettes was also higher among those who received tobacco treatment than those who did not receive tobacco treatment.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax-2022-218680


Co-development of an evidence-based personalised smoking cessation intervention for use in a lung cancer screening context

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Optimising smoke cessation services within a low radiation-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening program could help reduce cost-effectiveness and overall effectiveness of the scheme, according to ABSTRACT's Background. Members of the public with a history of smoking carried out an online poll to inform the visual presentation of risk data in subsequent focus groups for acceptability testing. Exemplar images of the heart and lungs obtained by LDCT, absolute and relative lung cancer risk, and lung age were displayed. Due to the propagation of fatalistic beliefs, the presentation of an absolute and relative risk of lung cancer and lung age was considered highly demotivating. PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY Supporting patients during lung cancer screening will increase the overall benefit and value for money of the service, which will also increase the overall benefit and value for money of the program. During a lung cancer screening scan, this research produced a booklet with photos of a person's own lungs and heart. The booklet includes information about the benefits of smoking, as well as positive advice to boost morale to avoid smoking and alerting consumers to avoid smoking. Members of the public requested information about the short-term benefits of quitting smoking, and the fact that coloured drawings next to the scan picture would help them know what the scan photo represented. When it comes to lung cancer screening, we co-developed a booklet to encourage people to avoid smoking.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.07.18.22277751

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions