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Sleep Apnea - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 12 January 2023

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Risk of Sleep Apnea Is Associated with Abdominal Obesity Among Asian Americans: Comparing Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Body Mass Index

In a sample of Chinese and Korean American immigrants, this research investigates the relationship between sleep apnea and abdominal obesity as well as general obesity. If WHR 0. 9 in men and WHR 0. 8 in women, a measure of obesity was established by obesity determination. The Poisson regression models investigated the correlation between sleep apnea risk and obesity. Results Twelve percent of the study participants were classified as a high risk of sleep apnea, and 75% had abdominal obesity, while 6. 4% had general obesity. Apnea's high risk of sleep loss was positively connected with abdominal obesity and general obesity, but not significantly significant at p 0. 1. Even after accounting for socioeconomic status, Chinese and Korean immigrants living in the United States who are at a high risk of sleeping apnea have higher abdominal obesity than those who are not. When determining the risk of sleep apnea among Asian Americans, abdominal obesity may be a more reliable predictor than general obesity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-022-01507-z


Sleep and obstructive sleep apnea in women with infertility

The analysis of OSA in women with infertility may help with planning and determining how to proceed and end the process. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional research was conducted to determine OSA in women presenting to an infertility clinic using validated sleep questionnaires to determine sleep and fertility outcomes in women presenting to an infertility clinic. In 258 women, there were times of OSA diagnosis and RLS that were similar to those of the general population's children. Obese women with elevated OSA risk were more likely to have other comorbidities. Conclusions: Women with infertility and OSA risk may have more health comorbidities and elevated BMI, as well as insomnia problems.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-022-02770-4


Eating habit of adding salt to foods and incident sleep apnea: a prospective cohort study

Introduction To patients with sleep apnea, sodium-restricted diet therapy significantly reduced apnea risk among patients with sleep apnea. However, the long-term relationship between the habit of adding salt to foods and sleep apnea in general populations is uncertain. Methods The UK Biobank cohort study, which covers more than 500,000 people aged 40 to 69 across the UK, from 2006 to 2010. Through a touch screen survey, the frequency of adding salt to foods was discovered. Using Cox proportional hazard regression models, the relationship between the habit of adding salt to foods and event sleep apnea was estimated. According to those who never/rarely added salt to foods, those who occasionally added salt to foods had a 11%, 15%, and 24% higher risk of incident sleep apnea. The results point to the benefits of a salt reduction program in preventing sleep apnea.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12931-022-02300-6


Feasibility of Same-Day Discharge After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Patients with Well-Regulated Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Patients with only minor comorbidities are eligible for same-day discharge after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, according to current medical care. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common comorbidity among patients with morbid obesity, with a prevalence of around 70% in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Continuous positive airway pressure is the new gold standard for OSA. We wanted to find out whether same-day discharge after the RYGB is safe for patients with compliant use of CPAP. Methods In this single-center prospective feasibility study, patients were identified for RYGB and were appropriately treated for OSA. Due to a delayed start of the surgery, three patients had an overnight stay as a result of divergent vital signs and one patient. Conclusion The following summary can be considered reasonable for selected patients with well-regulated OSA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-022-06439-5


Lived experience of patients with sleep apnea: a systematic synthesis of qualitative evidence

Background Sleep apnea is a common chronic disease with high morbidity that negatively affects a patient's sense of well-being and quality of life. Objective This report synthesized qualitative evidence on patients living in SA to find the disease's effects on QoL. We reviewed the results using Sandelowski's suggested method of meta-synthesis, as well as applying Critical Appraisal Skills Program and GRADE-Confidence in the Evidence from Qualitative research methodologies to assess the study's validity and synthesized findings, respectively. Conclusions Patients in SA patients had sleep-disrupting signs and daytime sleepiness/fatigue, which negatively affected physical, cognitive, and social aspects of their lives in a variety of interactive ways.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-022-03332-7


Effect of positive pressure ventilation and bariatric surgery on extracellular vesicle microRNAs in patients with severe obesity and obstructive sleep apnea

We're trying to determine extracellular vesicle miRNAs in patients with extreme obesity, including and without OSA, as well as the effects of OSA and severe obesity treatment: continual positive airway pressure and bariatric surgery. Patients were chosen from the Epigenetics Modification in Morbid Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea study, a prospective observational study of patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-022-01230-z


Aberrant Topological Properties of Brain Functional Network in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Derived from Resting-State fMRI

To investigate the correlations between these properties and OSA children's cognitive scores, we will investigate the difference in the topological characteristics of brain functional network between the children with obstructive sleep apnea and healthy controls. We compared the global and regional topological features of the network linking OSA children and healthy controls. Topological properties and cognitive results across OSA children were compared in a partial correlation study. Nodal efficiencies in the right precentral gyrus, the bilateral anterior cingulate, and paracingulate gyrus decreased, but not so much in the left fusiform gyrus. Centrality in the right superior frontal gyrus' left fusiform gyrus, as the left fusiform gyrus' left central gyrus, and the left supramarginal gyrus increased. OSA's findings may have hampered the regional topological profiles of OSA children's brain functional network, which could be a potential neural mechanism responsible for these patients's cognitive declines.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10548-022-00920-1


A Review of the Associations Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Possible Mechanisms of Disease

Obstructive sleep apnea usually contributes to diabetes. Gestational diabetes mellitus is a common gestational disorder characterized by poor maternal and fetal outcomes. According to growing reports, women with OSA during pregnancy may be at a much higher risk of experiencing GDM. We wrote a comprehensive literature review of the following: the association between OSA and GDM, the potential mechanisms of this link, and the effects of continuous positive airway pressure on OSA with GDM.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43032-022-00904-3


Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypertension in Children

The cardiovascular consequences are uncertain in children, sleep disordered breathing results in daytime loss and cognitive-behavioral difficulties. However, there is evidence to point to a connection between elevated blood pressure and obstructive sleep apnea, particularly when BP is measured during sleep. Treatment of OSA improves blood pressure in children and adolescents with baseline HTN for diagnosis and treatment of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents, as well as those with baseline HTN for OSA as a co-morbid condition.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-06231-5_27


Swallowing outcome to speech therapy intervention in resistant hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the effects of a swallowing therapy scheme on the recovery of oropharyngeal dysphagia in obstructive sleep apnea-resistant hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea, as well as the connection between these individuals's physical and anthropometric characteristics and this result. Methods This was a prospective interventional research in which resistant hypertensives diagnosed with OSA by polysomnography and dysphagia were diagnosed with OSA by polysomnography and dysphagia by fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing. Results In the intervention case, a total of 26 of the participants showed improvement in the degree of dysphagia in the intervention process. Before and after intervention, Swalu2013QoL had a score on the symptom frequency domain of 92. 8 before and 98. 2 after intervention. Conclusions Resistant hypertensive patients with OSA demonstrated improved swallowing results after initiating swallowing therapy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-022-07612-3

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions