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Sleep Apnea - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 12 January 2023

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Application of drug-induced sleep endoscopy in predicting the outcomes of velopharyngeal surgery in adult patients with Friedman stage II and III obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Objectives The aim of this study, which was primarily analyzed, was a number of 39 male OSAS patients with Friedman stage II and III obstructive sleep disorder in adult patients with velopharyngeal surgery. ResultationDuring pre-operative DISE examinations, all 39 patients developed complete velopharyngeal airway collapses, according to polysomnography. The glossopharyngeal airway collapse percentage was significantly different between responders and non-responders. Patients with non-lateral VA-CP and grade II GA-CD had a significantly lower surgical success rate than those without. Conclusion: Patients with Friedman stage II and III OSAS diagnoses had a significantly lower surgical success rate than those without. Patients with lateral VA-CP and grade I GA-CD are ideal candidates for velopharyngeal surgery.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2022.1049425


Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Risk Factors in Patıents with Type 2 Dıabetes in Turkey

Compared to the female gender, 58. 8% of the patients had a high risk of sleep apnea, particularly in the male gender, increased the risk of obstructive sleep apnea, increased the risk of obstructive sleep apnea, and a step up in the body mass index raised the risk of obstructive sleep apnea by 4. 8 percent, and a rise in the o a risk a risk a risk a risk a risk a risk of the male gender raised the apneapnea a male gender, a male gender, a risk by apnea risk by apneapneapnea a risk by a risk by a risk by a risk by a apnea risk by apneapneapneapneapneapneapneapneapneapn It was also found that having hypertension raised the risk of obstructive sleep apnea by 5-fold, and that daytime sleepiness had 11. 2 times greater risk of obstructive sleep apnea.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.30958/ajhms.7-2-3


Functional Outcomes in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Residing in Southeastern Mexico

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea have a variety of and non-specific scientific presentations that can have a major effect on their sleep quality and functional outcomes. This research was designed to identify OSA, excess daytime sleepiness, anxiety, and sleep quality, as well as medical causes associated with poor functional outcomes in OSA patients residing in southeastern Mexico. To all participants, the functional outcomes sleep questionnaire, Epworth sleepiness scale, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, insomnia prevalence rate, Beck depression questionnaire, and nasal obstruction symptom analysis were administered. The dependent variable was the dependent variable, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted for these studies using the functional outcomes sleep questionnaire score 89. 5 points as the dependent variable. Total 199 patients with apnea-hypopnea index greater than 5 h-1 were included. Conclusions: Depression and heavy daytime sleepiness are risk factors for poor functional outcomes in Mexican patients with OSA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.17241/smr.2022.01473


Screening for obstructive sleep apnea before coronary angiography

Abstract The presence of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with suspected coronary heart disease is yet to be identified. The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of OSA before coronary angiography. Methods We retrospectively assessed patients with suspected CHD who were admitted to the Department of Geriatric Cardiology of our hospital between July 2019 and July 2021. Before CAG, OSA was tested using the level III home sleep apnea questionnaire. The prevalence of OSA in the CHD and non-u2010CHD groups was then compared. The Gensini score was positively linked to OSA in patients with CHD, and AHI u2265 20 was a risk factor for CHD. Conclusion The OSA testing before CAG revealed a higher incidence in CHD patients than in non-u2010CHD patients. Patients with suspected CHD should be screened and treated by OSA before CAG in patients with suspected CHD.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/crj.13556


Clinical-functional characteristics of children with asthma and obstructive sleep apnea overlap associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A cross-sectional study

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (TSA) symptoms can be exacerbated by untreated OSA. According to the Global Initiative for Asthma 2020, 96 children aged 6 to 15 years old with asthma and the association with asthma control and lung function in asthmatic children with OSA and the association of asthma control and lung function in children with asthma and OSA were among the asthmatic children with asthma. MethodsA total of 96 children aged 6–13 years were enrolled in this study. The inattentive ADHD subtype in the non-OSA asthmatic group was significantly lower than in the OSA asthmatic group. Children with poorly controlled asthma had a significantly higher risk of OSA than those with well-controlled asthma. Conclusion: The prevalence of OSA in asthma patients with asthma has risen among poorly controlled asthma patients. p 0. 05 is 0. 05]. ADHD may have a higher incidence in children with OSA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2022.1097202


Association of Night‐to‐Night Adherence of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure With Day‐to‐Day Morning Home Blood Pressure and Its Seasonal Variation in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Background This research was designed to investigate the connection between nighttime and continuous positive airway pressure therapy, as well as both home and overnight blood pressure levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Methods and Results We looked at 105 people who had been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea and those who were already receiving CPAP therapy. After adjusting for covariates, a mixed-u2010effects model for repeated measures analysis was used to investigate the correlations of nightu2010to-u2010night high CPAP adherence with dayu2010tou2010day home BP within the same patient. The individuals with high CPAP adherence in winter were noticeably lower than those without such adherence. Conclusions Positive adherence to CPAP therapy was negatively correlated with morning home BP in patients with obstructive sleep apnea on the following day.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.121.024865


Obstructive sleep apnea, myocardial perfusion and myocardial blood flow: A study of older male twins.

The Apnea/Hypopnea Index was used to determine OSA from the overnight sleep study. Quantitative and semiquantitative measures of myocardial perfusion and absolute myocardial blood flow were found. Following adjustment for medical, lifestyle, and behavioral causes, as well as a recent history of cardiovascular disease, twins with AHI u226515 had 3. 6 percent greater odds of an abnormality score, AHI's highest risk of an abnormality score, which was defined as a score of u2265100, and each 5-point increase in AHI. AHI status did not make a difference between measures of ischemia and absolute myocardial blood flow and flow reserve. Conclusions Myocardial perfusion abnormalities have been traced to prior sub-myocardial scarring or infarction.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278420


Eating habit of adding salt to foods and incident sleep apnea: a prospective cohort study

Background information Previous research has shown that sodium-restricted diet therapy dramatically reduced apnea incidence among patients with sleep apnea. However, the long-term correlation between the habit of adding salt to foods and sleep apnea in general populations is uncertain. Methods The UK Biobank cohort study includes more than 500,000 people aged 40 to 69 from 2006 to 2010 in the United Kingdom, from 2006 to 2010. The frequency of adding salt to foods was determined by a touch screen questionnaire. Using Cox proportional hazard regression models, the association between the habit of adding salt to foods and event sleep apnea was estimated. Compared to people who never/rarely added salt to foods, those who did add salt to foods had an 11%, 15%, and 24% greater risk of incident sleep apnea, respectively.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12931-022-02300-6


Impact of maxillomandibular advancement on oral health related quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A longitudinal study of the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14)

Background: The aim of this review was to determine the effects of maxillomandibular advancement on oral health-related quality of life in obstructive sleep apnea patients before, immediately after, and up to one year after surgery. Methods: In this prospective review, OHRQoL was measured with the help of the Dutch version of the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire. On the first 7 days post-surgery, and 1 month, 6 months, and at least 1 year post-surgery, a total of 19 patients were asked to complete the questionnaires prior to surgery. The baseline OHIP score was compared to the post-surgery scores using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test with Bonferroni correction, compared to the post-surgery score. In OSA patients undergoing MMA, OHRQoL deteriorates in the immediate postoperative period, according to this report.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adoms.2023.100398


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Resolution in Hypopnea-Predominant versus Apnea-Predominant Patients after Maxillomandibular Advancement

This retrospective cohort study was designed to determine whether MMA affects the presence of apnea-predominant to hypopnea-predominant OSA more than vice versa. In apnea-predominant group, the baseline apnea index, apnea index, and oxygen desaturation index were all elevated, while the hypopnea index was markedly higher, in the hypopnea-predominant group. These results suggest that preoperative hypopnea-predominant OSA patients may be more suitable candidates for MMA than to preoperative apnea-predominant OSA patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12010311

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions