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Scales - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 20 July 2022

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Effective detection of ZnO in nicotine using butterfly wing scales.

This research sought to clarify the optical properties of naturally butterfly wing scales by precise control of morphology as an effective photonic detector and reveal the presence of metal oxide nanoparticles in surrounding nicotine. Experimental results showed that absorption intensities of ZnO and TiO 2 mixed with nicotine on Danaus genutia were significantly enhanced. Due to a relatively high percentage of zinc in e-cigarette aerosol, the number of ZnO/nicotine modelled as aerosol adsorption on Danaus genutia remained a constant linear relation with the concentration of ZnO.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35361014


Do entrustment scales make a difference in the inter-rater reliability of the workplace-based assessment?

Various constructions can be assessed using various methods, which are widely available and validated. Objective This research was designed to investigate the effect of staff education on WBA policies and determine interrater rater compliance of these practices when using entrustment scales, success descriptors, and personal judgment. In which the orthopedic department's workers were invited to enroll in a training course on the use of entrustment scales and assessment descriptors within the WBA systems, a quasi-experimental research was conducted. In a trauma course offered by the orthopedic department, subjective perception was replaced by entrustment scales and performance descriptors. Conclusions The entrustment scales had higher inter-rater reliability of the assessment methods than performance descriptors and personal judgment, according to the study findings. Conclusion The inter-rater reliability was the highest when using entrustment scales for WBAs, which could indicate that the entrustment scales have superior psychometric properties in terms of consistency among different raters.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35311494


Quantitative metrics and psychometric scales in the visual art and medical education literature: a narrative review.

In order to provide medical educators with a 'toolkit' of quantitative tools for designing and evaluating novel visual arts-based pedagogies, the authors conduct a narrative review of the quantitative observation metrics and psychometric scales used in the visual arts and medical education literature in order to provide medical educators with a 'toolkit' of quantitative measures with which to design and evaluate novel visual arts-based pedagogies.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34866545


Animal pollination increases stability of crop yield across spatial scales.

Animal pollination's crop yield is well known. In contrast, the effects of animal pollination on crop yield's spatial or temporal stability are still unclear. In apple, oilseed rape, and faba bean, we use meta-analysis to combine variability data from 215 experimental comparisons between animal-pollinated and wind- or self-pollinated control plants in 215 experimental comparisons. When yield benefits of animal pollination are greatest, yield increases are the highest, but yield increases remain unchanged, suggesting that managing crop pollination to raise yield also increases yield stability.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35843226


Neuropathologic scales of cerebrovascular disease associated with diffusion changes on MRI.

In those with both antemortem imaging CVD tests and postmortem CVD analysis, the goal of this research was to determine the relationship between neuroimaging surrogates of CVD and two available neuropathologic CVD scales. Both national and international dMRI studies were associated with Kalaria and Strozyk Scales, and modestly correlated with global cognitive results. Of all the neuroimaging studies, both regional and global dMRI studies were linked to Kalaria and Strozyk Scales and modestly correlated with global cognitive outcomes, and modestly related with global cognitive results. The primary findings from this research were: microstructural white matter injury measurements using dMRI images may be useful surrogates of neuropathologic CVD scales because they aid in measuring diffuse changes to white matter and secondary neurodegeneration due to lesions; and vaping in the corpus callosum may be helpful in determining CVD-related neuropathologic abnormalities; and future research should focus on developing improved quantitative measures utilizing dMRI imaging to properly assess CVD-related neuropathologic changes in the clinical trial MRI imaging.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35841412


Seasonal bee communities vary in their responses local and landscape scales: implication for land managers

Context: Land management methods for pollinators are causing a lot of interest, but a quantitative analysis of landscape and local impacts on bee populations is needed to determine if adding small habitat patches will increase bee abundance or species richness. The value of rising floral abundance at a site is undoubtedly influenced by the phenology and magnitude of floral blooms in the region, but these factors have been understudied due to the difficulty of measuring landscape-scale resources. At 33 locations in the Finger Lakes area of New York, USA, we investigated season-specific relationships between local and landscape quality, wild-bee populations. Spring bees were dependent on landscape and wildlife, but summer bees responded more to local quality, showing that site-level management is the most likely to be fruitful in assisting summer bees.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR519387


Identifying the Most Significant Factors Affecting Urban Housing Sustainability and Their Scales/Sectors of Influence: A Systematic Review of the Recent Literature

Given the population density of cities, housing is always essential for sustainable growth of communities, particularly in urban areas. One of the most comprehensive lists of urban housing affordability factors is obtained from 118 new related research studies by doing a systematic literature review. access to public services/infrastructure: availability/quality of services and/or time of travel time to the services; according to the findings, the top three significant factors affecting urban housing sustainability are “natural resource or energy use/efficiency of the building/equipment;, “;products performance;,”, “;materials performance ”; and “ Environmental factors are the most significant ones where institutional factors receive the least attention, according to a multi-disciplinary approach. The findings of this research may be helpful in establishing future housing-related policies and, in addition, having more accurate housing sustainability assessment methods.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR519528

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions