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Scales - Crossref

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Last Updated: 20 June 2022

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How many response categories are sufficient for Likert type scales? An empirical study based on the Item Response Theory

"The new research determines the optimum number of response categories for the Likert type of scales under the item response theory. " Gozutok et al. The results of the analysis have shown that using a 5-point response option gives advantages over using a 3-point response category in terms of reliability and test information in the scale development process. The 5-point scale also aids in the respondents' response times, although it does not pose a significant disadvantage compared to a 7-point response category in terms of reliability. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21449/ijate.1132931


Comparative analysis of arteriovenous malformation grading scales in predicting outcomes after stereotactic radiosurgery

"METHODS The study included 381 patients with sporadic AVMs who underwent Gamma Knife SRS between January 1990 and December 2009; none of the patients underwent prior radiation therapy; none of the patients underwent prior radiation therapy. Between the AVM grading scales and the best linear regression model, there was a comparison of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and accuracy. Patients in the 50-five years experienced a decrease in mRS score secondary to RICs or ICH. Although no difference between the GLMnet and the RBAS or PRAS remained, a good comparison showed no difference between the GLMnet and the Spetzler-Martin grading system, and the VRAS, according to the Heidelberg score. In the majority of treated patients, CONCLUSIONS SRS provides AVM obliteration without functional decline. "If SRS's score decreases after SRS," AVM grading scales with continuous scores outperformed integer-based grading schemes in the prediction of AVM obliteration without a mRS score decrease. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2015.11.jns151300


Heat Transport on Ultrashort Time and Space Scales in Nanosized Systems: Diffusive or Wave-like?

"The out-of-equilibrium temperature shift is portrayed by a hierarchy of partial differential equations of a higher order, which include both the diffusive and wave modes of heat transfer. " Experimental results have shown that the answer to the question regarding which of these modes will be detected by experimental experiments could also depend on the experimental setup's accuracy. The findings presented here are expected to be useful in the analysis and experimental treatment of non-Fourier effects and particularly heat wave phenomena in complex nanosized systems and metamaterials.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15124287


Abstract B54: Latina farmworkers: Relationships between Pap screening behaviors, acculturation, and cultural cancer screening scales

"Abstract Background: Latinas are especially vulnerable to cervical cancer, with incidences of 11. 5 per 100,000 and the second highest mortality rates of 4 per 100,000, respectively, but there are the lowest participation rates in national cervical cancer screening services. " In this research, we examined cultural cancer screening beliefs, acculturation status, past Pap screening practices, and the willingness to perform Pap tests among Mexican farmworker women in South Georgia. Four women are expected to have their next Pap smear 1 yr. or less; four women 10% > 1 not more than three years; 1 3% woman said it was their first time getting a Pap smear; and 38 percent women did not respond. p= 0. 003. Women who did not have a Pap test compared to women who reported taking their Pap test more than three years ago were more likely to think that health professionals doing screening examinations would not be trustworthy, which was p= 0. 003. According to women who said they never had a Pap test more than three years ago, women who reported having their Pap test were more likely to believe that health professionals inappropriately touch their patients during screening results; respectively, 33 and 18. The difference between the groups of women based on their intention to perform future Pap tests and each of the cultural cancer screening scale measures was not significant. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1158/1538-7755.disp13-b54


Abstract IA-09: Mapping cell structure across scales by fusing protein images and interactions

"Abstract Cancer cells are multi-scale structures with modular assembly of at least four orders of magnitude. " Both central approaches for mapping this structure include protein fluorescent imaging and protein interactions u2013; u2013 protein fluorescent imaging and protein interactions u2013 each produce large databases, but not in a manner that are traditionally handled separately. I will continue to address ongoing attempts to reconcile the large amount of data emerging from protein imaging and protein affinity purification interaction screens to create unified maps of cancer cells. The key idea is to use machine learning to produce a useful embedding for each dataset and then use these data embeddings to produce a general measure of protein distance that can be calibrated against biological components of known size. MuSIC greatly improves the mapping resolution obtained from imaging by integration across scales, giving protein interactions a spatial perspective while also including several molecular data types in proteome-wide maps of cells. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1158/1557-3265.adi21-ia-09


Early neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation and hydrocephalus: Neonatal ICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale and imaging predict 3–6-month motor quotients and Capute Scales

"OBJECTIVE Brain injury remains a serious complication of prematurity. " Almost half of infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage develop posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation, and 20% require surgery for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. The authors attempted to create and describe a novel combination of neurobehavioral examination and imaging for the prediction of neurodevelopmental disability among pregnant children with PHVD and PHH. METHODS The study participants included premature infants with IVH and PHVD, with or without PHH, according to the authors. On the head ultrasound, or the HUS capturing the worst PHVD when surgery wasn't indicated, the Ventricular index, anterior horn width, thalamooccipital distance, ventricle/brain ratio, and resistive indices were found. At term age equivalent for each infant, neurobehavioral Scale examinations were conducted at the Neonatal ICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale. CAT scores 85, PVHI OR 9. 2 ; cystic changes OR 12. 0 ; and neurosurgical intervention OR 11. 2 ; and neurosurgical intervention OR 11. 2 ; PVHI, cystic changes, and neurosurgical intervention were all related with CAT scores 85: 85; PVHI OR 9. 2 ; cystic changes OR 12. 0 ; and neurosurgical intervention OR 11. 2 ; and neurosurgical intervention OR 11. 2. Every 1-SD increase in the NOR subscore was correlated with an increase in the chances of a CAT score of 85, OR 4. 0. Worse NNNS NOR subscores were associated with early language delay, with an increase in the likelihood of a CLAMS score of 85, or 19. 5. CONCLUSIONS In recent preterm children with severe IVH and PHVD, neonatal medical examination findings, and imaging findings are often associated with delays in 3u20136 months in motor milestones, visual and problem-solving skills, and language.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2019.9.peds19438


Perceived Gender and Client Satisfaction in Transgender Voice Work: Comparing Self and Listener Rating Scales across a Training Program

"Background/Aim: Scales used to gather survey results relating to a speaker's gender are widely used in gender affirming voice teaching for trans people. " In addition, empirical evidence has not fully investigated the relationship between self- and listener ratings of trans participant voices and trans participant satisfaction with voice, as well as whether or not these relationships change after trans participants enroll in gender affirming voice training. Methods: A group of 34 trans people were asked to rate their voices before and after participating in gender-affirming voice training. The Trans participant voice samples from before and after training were also distributed to a group of 25 listeners for rating. u201d, very feminine/very masculine/u201d, and u201cvery female/very male were also rated on two numerical analogue scales with anchors, according to the u201d, respondents were extremely happy/very dissatisfied with their new voice on a VAS with anchors, u201d and u201d. u201d Correlation coefficients were calculated to investigate the correlation between reported ratings. Trans participant self-ratings had a long and positive relationship with their self-rated vocal pleasure. The study found that these differences could become more apparent after trans participants had completed voice training. Discussion/Conclusion: According to this report, findings from previous studies that have used differently labeled scales to gather gender perception based on voice data are useful to compare. This report also addresses the implications that the differences between trans participant self-ratings and listener ratings may have for study and clinical practice.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000521226


A Diagnostic Toolkit to Detect Compartmentalization Using Time-Scales for Reservoir Mixing

"Abstract Unidentified reservoir compartmentalization due to faulting or depositional heterogeneity can have a major, usually detrimental, effect on oil or gas recovery. " Also during appraisal, it is therefore imperative to characterize reservoir compartmentalization as early as possible in field life, especially during appraisal. Variable fluid properties in various regions of the reservoir is one of the characteristics of compartmentalization. It is therefore important to incorporate understanding of reservoir mixing timescales into the early diagnosis of compartmentalization. This paper provides simple analytic methods for determining the time taken for tilted contacts and chemical pressure changes to return to their equilibrium distribution as a function of reservoir thickness, length, porosity, fluid viscosity, density, and compressibility. Pressure can equilibrate across a micro-Darcy, permeability defect fault in 100,000 years, but uniform pressure does not necessarily ensure good reservoir contact on a production timescale. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2118/118323-ms


White Matter Changes on CT and MRI: An Overview of Visual Rating Scales

"Since the emergence of white matter changes on CT, rating scales for the location and severity of white matter shifts have been developed, mainly for research purposes, to investigate factors such as cognition, risk factors, and pathology. " In reviewing and determining the number of white matter changes on CT/MRI that are appropriate to the criteria, the NINDS-AIREN criteria for vascular dementia have introduced a new version. Furthermore, in Alzheimer's disease, detection of white matter changes may help to delineate homogeneous groups and help to identify patients with varying symptomatology.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000007921

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions