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"In this report, the scale development process was: identifying the issue, designing the item pool, presenting the item pool to the expert opinion, and applying the updated items to a pilot group after the pilot application, when the scale items reached their final form. " Identifying the Issue: The absence of a developed scale for the shoulder specific to Turkish society is a source of anxiety. Participation In the study: An item pool will be established by analyzing other shoulder scales in the literature, by doing a literature review and gathering patient feedback and clinician opinions. Expert opinion: The assembled item pool will be submitted for analysis by experts consisting of at least one linguist and physiotherapists, according to expert opinion. Pilot Application: The items that were intended after the expert's advice in the study; after the expert opinion, it will be published; the items will be introduced to the opinion of patients aged 18 to 80 who volunteer to participate in the study and have shoulder problems. The study's main aim: Literate people with shoulder problems in Turkey are the majority of the study's population. Reporting: Following the statistical review conducted after the main application, a scoring system would be developed when the scale items take their final form. For content validity of the study, the same scale validity test will be used. The scale will be determined by the validity of the scale, so the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index-SPADI scale, which Roach et al. , will be used to determine the accuracy of the scale.
Source link: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05391516
"Dental treatments that contribute to pain are thought to play a significant role in the development of Dental Fear and Anxiety, as well as Dental Behavioral Management problems in children. " Several studies have pointed to professionals underestimating pain in comparison to the perceived pain that is reported by children themselves. Pain assessment tools are rarely used to determine pain in the clinical setting, denying pediatric patients the opportunity to share their pain stories. In 19 % of cases in post-anesthesia care, validated pain measurement software was used in only 19 percent of cases. These results show the importance of encouraging children to share their own pain experiences using validated tools that are easily accessible and that also children are eager to use. The use of a digital device will also aid children and adolescents in making their pain assessment and education as well as outside of the clinical setting. Children themselves also like digital technologies over paper versions of the same scale, and electronic devices are also preferred by children themselves over paper versions. Faces Pain Scale-Revised and Color Analog Scale are two commonly used and established analog self-report devices used in different settings to measure pain in children and adolescents. The Faces Thermometer Scale's psychometric properties and therefore establishing a new digital scale for measuring pain in children and adolescents would make it available to dental practitioners and researchers alike. ".
Source link: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05322018
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