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Sonography - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 12 May 2022

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Evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of tubal inflammatory drugs in patients with incomplete tubal obstruction after four-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography examination.

Background: After a four-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography examination, researchers looking into the safety and effectiveness of tubal inflammatory drugs in patients with incomplete tubal obstruction on at least one side. Methods Two hundred and fifteen patients in this study were divided into experimental and control groups, with the experimental group combining with salpingitis products, and the control group received blank control.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35525936


Double Jeopardy Injuries: Improved Clinical Outcome With Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma Imaging and Subxiphoid Window for Combined Cardiac and Abdominal Stab Wounds.

Introduction This report explores our involvement with combined cardiac and abdominal stab wounds over a decade, as well as how advancements in technology and clinical methods have improved our care of these patients. Both a thoracotomy for cardiac arrest and a laparotomy for an intra-abdominal injury were required in the same situation, and the same procedure was used for an intra-abdominal injury. 7. 5 mmHg, pH: 7. 2, base excess: -10. 2 mmol/L, and serum lactate 6. 7 mmol/L are typical values of admission physiology: systolic blood pressure 7. 2, 85 mmHg, pH: 7. 2, base excess: 7. 2, 6. 2 mmol/L. All seven patients had intraoperatively diagnosed heart disease. In 18 cases, the thoracotomy first course was used, and in the remaining four cases, the laparotomy first technique was used. The mean length of hospital stay was 9 days. Discussion in double jeopardy Double jeopardy is also linked to an elevated risk of death.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35512444


A Pilot Study Comparing Aortic Sonography, Flow Cytometry, and Coronary CT.

Objectives: Combined screening methods and testing will determine whether or not the combination of sonographic aortic calcification quantification, measurement of aortic intimal thickness, and monocyte laboratory results provides increased diagnostic accuracy relative to computed tomography calcium scoring. Aortic IMT in the distal portion of the aorta or region 1 was strongly linked to mass, body mass index, and the ASCVD 10-year risk score. The aortic IMT in the mid portion of the aorta or region 2 was strongly linked to mass, antihypertensive drugs, ASCVD's 10-year risk score, and total coronary artery calcification. Although CAC has been used extensively as a screening device for CVD, ionizing radiation use for those that are asymptomatic may not be justified for those who are symptomatic. The combination of sonography and flow cytometry demonstrated a promising alternative for assessing CVD risk.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35508410


Can hysterosalpingo-foam sonography replace hysterosalpingography as first-choice tubal patency test? A randomized non-inferiority trial.

Does hysterosalpingo-foam sonography produce similar pregnancy results in compared to hysterosalpingography as the first-choice tubal patency test in fertility couples? Summary answer: In the majority of patients and healthcare administration, HyFoSy and HSG have similar findings, which lead to comparable pregnancy outcomes. Participants/materials, setting, and methods We included infertile women aged 18 to 41 years old who were awaiting tubal patency testing as part of their fertility work-up. According to the results of HyFoSy, clinical management based on HSG was expected to result in a live birth in 474 of 1026 women versus 486 of 1026 for management based on HSG. On the 1-10 Visual Analogue Scale, the mean VAS pain score for HSG was 5. 4, with the mean pain score for HyFoSy on the 1-10 Visual Analogue Scale 3. Limitations and reasons for caution Since all women underwent both tubal patency and urine testing, no conclusions on a direct therapeutic effect of tubal flushing could be drawn. In a majority of infertile couples, HyFoSy or HSG have similar tubular pathology results, but the differences in results do not result in a significant difference in pregnancy outcomes, although HyFoSy has been associated with significantly less pain. The FOAM research was funded by ZONMw, The Netherlands Institute for Health Research and Development, and it was an investigator-initiated study.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35220432


The use of real-time sonography-assisted fracture reduction in children with displaced forearm fractures.

The purpose of this research was to determine whether real-time bedside sonography during closed reduction of distal and middle third fractures could reduce the number of reduction attempts and reduce the number of patients requiring surgery. In patients treated in our ED between 2014 and 2016, we compared the results of a conventional blind manipulation, fracture reduction, and casting to fracture reduction under real-time ultrasonographic guidance. Overall, 458 patients with distal or middle third fractures were included in the study. In group 1, 10% of patients needed re-reduction, and 5% of patients needed surgery. Because of fracture instability, only one patient required re-eduction and 1% of patients required surgery. In conclusion, the new report shows that real-time ultrasound-guided forearm fracture reduction is a fast and cost-effective method for treating displaced forearm and wrist fractures in children, and it does not require any radiation exposure.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34074920


Concurrent subarachnoid haemorrhage and internal carotid artery dissection: a transcranial colour-coded sonography diagnosis.

We discuss the case of a young woman impacted by an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage and numerous anatomic abnormalities. In the right extracranial Internal Carotid Artery and all of its intra-cranial branches, a non-pulsatile flow demonstrated a non-pulsatile flow with the loss of a dramatic systolic peak and the decrease of mean flow velocities. Patients undergoing venous-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or to left ventricular assist systems are likely to have this pattern of flow in systemic and brain arteries.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35482247


Transorbital sonography: A non-invasive bedside screening tool for detection of pseudotumor cerebri syndrome.

Background In pseudotumor cerebri syndrome using transorbital sonography, our aim was to determine optic nerve sheath diameter and optic disc elevation in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. Psebri cerebri syndrome was larger in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome than average controls, and so was optical disc elevation. In new-onset pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, corneal height and optical nerve sheath diameter are both elevated. Transorbital sonography is a potential, non-invasive screening device for pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in headache clinics.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35469442


Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) performance in paediatric conflict injury.

Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma in a pediatric population with a substantial number of penetrating abdominal injuries in a penetrating abdominal injuries. The FAST and computed tomography abdomen results were compared to 98 children who arrived to Camp Bastion during the 2011 war in Afghanistan. FAST's results were compared to the reference standard of free fluid found on CT. From the radiology database, whether children appeared alone or as part of a group was also ascertained. The sensitivity of abdominal injury sensitive people with penetrating abdominal pain was 64%, with 100% sensitivity. The FAST results in this population were similar to that reported in the context of paediatric blunt trauma, with high specificity for intra-abdominal free fluid. In conflict medicine and mass casualty situations where quick access to CT is not possible, FAST has a role to play.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35469663


Learning Curve for the Detection of Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis and Adenomyosis with 3-D Transvaginal Water Contrast Sonography.

Three-dimensional rectosonography is a transvaginal sonography technique that uses rectal water analysis and 3-D acquisitions. The key points of concern of 3-D RSG may include its quick accessibility and quick learning curve, particularly when it comes to rectosigmoid lesions. The aim of this prospective observational study was to determine the learning curve of 3-D RSG for the diagnosis of rectosigmoid lesions and for other aspects of deep endometriosis, and adenomyosis. 116 patients with suspected pelvic endometriosis were admitted to the Croix-Rousse University Hospital from April 2017 to November 2017, and those who underwent 3-D RSG were included in our study. Using the Learning Curve Cumulative Summation Test instrument, a learning curve was established and evaluated using the Learning Curve Cumulative Summation Test technique. This research shows that the skills necessary to diagnose endometriosis lesions and adenomyosis with 3-D RSG can be obtained following a short learning period in a research center.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35469632


Development of a Nomogram for Predicting Intravasation Before Transvaginal 4-Dimensional Hysterosalpingo-Contrast Sonography.

BACKGROUND hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography, a transvaginal 4-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography scan may result in false-negative results in tubal patency testing. Objectives of this research: The aim of this paper is to establish a nomogram based on the preprocedural features to help anticipate the possibility of intravasation before TVs 4D-HyCoSy. Methods The results of 276 infertile women with patent fallopian tubes were retrospectively reviewed. Results The independent influencing factors associated with intravasation were determined to be the uterine curettage, endometrial thickness, and examination schedule. Before 4D-HyCoSy, the established nomogram containing these preprocedural characteristics was useful in predicting intravasation risk prior to 4D-HyCoSy. Conclusions The nomogram incorporating the pre-procedural features resulted in a net benefit for clinical decision-making when the estimated risk was less than 50%. When the chance is less than 50%, it is advised to change the examination schedule for patients with an estimated risk greater than 50% and perform 4D-HyCoSy when the risk is less than 50%.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35479293

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions