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Remdesivir - Crossref

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Last Updated: 12 August 2022

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AN EVALUATION OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS WITH REMDESIVIR IN PATIENTS OF COVID-19

Objectives: The study was designed to assess adverse drug reactions in patients of COVID-19 patients. Methods: After informed consent, all patients over the age of any gender, diagnosed with COVID-19 disease, were included in the study after informed consent. A total of 75% ADRs were mild in severity, with 45% recovering from the event at the end of therapy. Conclusion: With remdesivir in COVID-19 patients, hemopatic and Renal dysfunctions are observed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.22159/ajpcr.2022.v15i8.44985


Effects of Remdesivir on In-Hospital and Late Outcomes of Patients With Confirmed or Clinically Suspected COVID-19: A Propensity Score-Matched Study

Current evidence regarding remdesivir therapy has been very tense, so we're trying to investigate remdesivir to expand our understanding of COVID-19 management and its long-term effects. We enrolled patients receiving remdesivir and then matched a 'control group'" who did not receive remdesivir based on age, gender, and severity using propensity score matching, with a 9-month follow-up. Remdesivir was found with an elevated in-hospital survival in severe diabetics with diabetes, but there was a trend for shorter 9-month survival in severe diabetics with diabetes. We found that remdesivir treatment did not improve the 9-month survival rate in patients with COVID-19 or patients with severe illness and underlying disorders. On the other hand, we found that remdesivir therapy could improve hospital longevity only in patients with high COVID-19 and a history of diabetes mellitus.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.18502/acta.v60i7.10211


Activation of the urotensin-II receptor by anti-COVID-19 drug remdesivir induces cardiomyocyte dysfunction

Remdesivir is an antiviral drug used for COVID-19 therapy around the world. We also characterized the effect of 110 single-nucleotide variants of the UTS2R gene in the genome database, finding four missense variants that exhibit gain-of-function variations in the receptor's sensitivity to remdesivir. Our research shows that a previously unknown mechanism under remdesivir-related CV events exists and that genetic variations of the UTS2R gene may be a potential risk factor for CV events during remdesivir therapy, which collectively opens the way for a therapeutic possibility of avoiding such events in the future.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.08.08.503256


Evaluating the Impact of Remdesivir on Covid-19 Patient Outcomes: An Inpatient County Hospital Analysis

BACKGROUND The retrospective chart review of COVID-19 patients treated at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center in Colton, California, from January to October 2020 was based on a retrospective chart review. Methods This report compares results from a survey of the Top 20 MSAs with the highest cumulative COVID-19 incidence rate at two timepoints. The means of the SVI variables for the rest of the United States were compared using the means of CDC's Social Vulnerability Index scores for the highest risk MSAs in the compared with the Welch Two Sample t-test to the mean of the SVI variables for the remainder of the United States. Conclusions Although initial results showed that remdesivir reduced time to recovery, we found no such significant decline in our study population. Conclusion Our results show that remdesivir does not appear to have an effect on time to recovery or mortality in COVID-19 patients. Although the National Institute of Health has approved remdesiviru2019s use for certain COVID-19 populations, our county hospital does not see any appreciable results from this activity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.54111/0001/aa1


Mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase confer resistance to remdesivir by distinct mechanisms

The Food and Drug Administration has u2013 approved an antiviral for the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infections. The introduction of S759A and V792I substitutions at homologous nsp12 locations in murine hepatitis virus showed transferability across betacoronaviruses; the introduction of these substitutions resulted in up to 38-fold RDV resistance and a replication defect. According to SARS-CoV-Triphosphate's biochemical analysis, there was a nearly 10-fold decrease in the use of RDV-triphosphate as a substrate, but nsp12-V792I reduced the uridine triphosphate concentration needed to tackle template-dependent inhibition associated with RDV. The results establish genetic and biochemical pathways to RDV resistance, which also emphasize the need for additional research to determine the possibility of the emergence of these or other RDV resistance mutations in clinical settings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.abo0718


Case Report: Severe SARS-CoV-2 Infection Treated with Remdesivir in a Patient with ESRD

There are a number of studies describing the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in patients with acute kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, as research continues to expand. Remdesivir has emerged as a promising antiviral drug against SARS-CoV-2. However, results revealing the clinical benefits of remdesivir in patients with severe renal impairment are uncertain, considering that patients with eGFR 30 ml/min per 1. 73 million2 are excluded from clinical trials due to the risk of sulfobutylether-u03b2-cyclodextrin accumulation in patients with severe renal impairment. We present the first case of a 47-year-old male with end-stage renal disease who was successfully treated with remdesivir during hospitalization for acute respiratory distress syndrome and respiratory failure due to COVID-19. Conclusion: Our results show the first instance of compassionate use of remdesivir for the treatment of COVID-19 in the context of end-stage renal disease, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and hypoxemic respiratory failure in the context of chronic respiratory distress syndrome.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2174/1871526521666211201112410


A Meta-Analysis of Safety of Different Regimens of Remdesivir in COVID-19 Patients

Remdesivir is an adenosine analogue drug that inhibits viral replication and targets RNA-dependent RNA polymerase enzyme. The U. S. FDA has fully approved Remdesivir for the treatment of COVID-19 patients with hospitalization as of October 22nd, 2020. In light of these findings, the present research was intended to investigate Remdesivir's safety in COVID-19 patients. Placebo [standard of care]: The studies included in this meta-analysis were either randomised or nonrandomized studies that evaluated Remdesivir for the treatment of COVID-19 against Placebo. Two researchers used statistical software Review manager [Revman] version 5. 3 to perform data analysis. Both primary and secondary outcomes were determined using a random-effects scheme for both primary and secondary outcomes. Out of the four included clinical trials that were reviewed for their methodological integrity, three of which were of outstanding quality, three of which were of high quality, and one was of moderate quality. Remdesivir had a 24% reduced risk of SAEs compared to the placebo arm, according to the three studies' pooled results. However, the combined results of two studies revealed that ten days of Remdesivir had 56% greater risk of SAEs compared to five days of Remdesivir regimen. Similarly, the ten days of Remdesivir had twice the risk of TDAEs in comparison to the 5 days Remdesivir regimen. With respect to SAEs and TDAEs, our metanalysis showed that 5 days of u2019's regimen had a higher safety profile than the ten-days-u2019 regimen of drug Remdesivir.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2174/1574886316666210728110330


Real-world effectiveness of early remdesivir and sotrovimab in the highest-risk COVID-19 outpatients during the Omicron surge

Abstract Background Remdesivir and sotrovimab have clinical trial data in the outpatient setting, demonstrating a decrease in hospitalizations and emergency department visits related to COVID-19. During the Omicron B. 1. 529 outburst, the aim was to assess the safety of remdesivir in comparison with sotrovimab and matched high-risk control patients in preventing COVID-19-related hospitalizations and ED visits in comparison to the Omicron B. 1. 529 rise. Patients and methods This retrospective cohort review included outpatients positive for SARS-CoV-2, with non-severe symptoms for u22647 days and deemed high risk for severe COVID-19 by an internal scoring system, with outpatients at risk for severe COVID-19. Patients treated with remdesivir were significantly less likely to be hospitalized or visit the hospital within 29 days after symptom onset. Patients on sotrovimab were also less likely to be hospitalized or visit the ED. Our top-risk outpatients with Omicron-related COVID-19 who were early sotrovimab or remdesivir had significantly lower chances of a hospitalization and/or ED visit, according to our authors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkac256


Remdesivir: Mechanism of Metabolic Conversion from Prodrug to Drug

Refdesivir has emerged as a promising drug during the challenging times of COVID-19 pandemic. It is critical to determine the atomic level of the prodrug to drug conversion process and investigate the energy conversion process. To increase, the potential energy surface diagram for the conversion of prodrug remdesivir to its active metabolite was drawn. On a model system that uses both molecular docking and quantum mechanics, the role of a catalytic triad of Hint1 phosphoramidase enzyme in P-N bond hydrolysis was also investigated. Analysis: The reaction proceeds through several steps that require high activation energies in reaction to an 11. 47 kcal/mol exergonic and the reaction persists throughout many steps. Conclusion: The metabolic pathways of remdesivir's model system were investigated thoroughly, and potential energy surface diagrams for two levels of theory, B3LYP/6-311++G, and B3LYP/6-31+G, were developed and compared. The presence of an enzymatic environment is necessary for the PN bond cleavage step of the metabolic process.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2174/1389200223666211228160314


Early Treatment of High-Risk Hospitalized Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients With a Combination of Interferon Beta-1b and Remdesivir: A Phase 2 Open-label Randomized Controlled Trial

The 2019 study found that early antiviral therapy was highly effective in the treatment of coronavirus disease. In hospitalized COVID-19 patients, we reviewed the effectiveness and safety of combined interferon beta-1b and remdesivir therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to a 5-day interferon beta-1b 16 million units daily and remdesivir 200 mg loading on day 1 and a 100 mg daily, or to remdesivir only of similar regimen. The median days of starting treatment from symptoms onset was 3 days. The combination group was quicker to achieve negligible nasopharyngeal swab viral load and produce seropositive immunoglobulin G for the secondary endpoints. Conclusions Early treatment with interferon beta-1b and remdesivir was both safe and effective in reducing symptoms, and in shortening viral shedding and hospitalization among high-risk COVID-19 patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciac523

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions