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Public Health - Zenodo

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Last Updated: 07 June 2022

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Impacts and Causes of Flood Hazards on Public Health and Socio-Economic: The Case of Hirna Town, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

"Introduction: Flooding is the most common natural phenomenon worldwide. " Aim: The aim of this research was to identify flood causes and their socioeconomic impacts, economic and public health. Structured survey questionnaires, key informant interviews, focus group meetings, field observation, and document analysis were the key data collection techniques used by the primary data collection methods. The survey questionnaires were sent to 121 households with 29 items. The sample size for the house-to-house questionnaire survey was determined using the method for sample size determination. According to 74. 4 percent of the houses, the most common root cause of floods is a lack of flood drainage systems in the research area. During flood events, the other diverged water flow direction and response planning to minimize flood impacts during flood events. Conclusion: Malaria was one of the most common diseases in the houses tested.

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6610654


Monkeypox: an evolving public health threat

"Monkeypox is a viral zooonose with symptoms similar to smallpox but it is medically less common. " The smallpox vaccination had been suspended, giving rise to the Monkeypox, the most common orthopoxvirus of public health, following the eradication of smallpox in 1980. During the campaign for the smallpox eradication, the first human case of Monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6589992


Intraocular foreign bodies : A major public health problem

"Case case: We present a case of a 34-year-old patient who suffered a terrifying eye injury with palpebral tear of the left eye by barbed wire. " The initial ophthalmologic examination revealed a preserved visual acuity, a transfixing eyelid injury with skin substance loss, a temporal conjunctival injury caused by orbital fat loss, and a period of delayed vision. On the postoperative day, a small pre-retinal brownish structure with a diameter of 0. 2 mm, without retinalization in front of, and without peripheral retinal lesions was discovered in the fovea. A small hyperdense infra-millimeter enfra-millimeter layer with posterior shadow cone was found in a small hyperdense infra-millimeter layer, a retinal invasion restricted to the fiber optic layer with a posterior shadow cone, and a small hyperdense infra-millimeter layer. Discussion: The decision to remove a missed retained intraocular foreign body is difficult and depends on several factors, including surgical difficulty and the exactness and size of the retained foreign body.

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6571280


Contemporary place of orthodontics in public health improvement in Algeria

"Orthodontics and dento-facial orthopedics are two branches of modern dentistry that seek to investigate dental and facial growth, diagnosis malocclusions, and treating them. " The contributions of orthodontics to public health has been discussed by the field's pioneers in the sixties. The Word Health Organization recommended that the public policies promote the orthodontics' role in health promotion and life quality improvement, according to the Word Health Organization. "We'll try to answer this question through a ten scientific case presentation presenting patients who were suffering from malocclusions and teeth crowding before and after treatment," says the author.

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6571253


An emerging public health threat: Mayaro virus increases its distribution in Peru

"Background: Mayaro virus, a common febrile disease, is classified as a neglected tropical disease. " Methods: In ten urban primary care health centers in Peru's Cajamarca area from January to June 2017, a cross-sectional investigation was conducted. A total of 359 patients with suspected febrile disease were tested. Following this MAYV real-time reverse transcriptase PCR for the detection of the nsP1 gene, RNA was extracted from serum samples, and the nsP1 gene was identified by PCR. Mayv was detected in 11. 1% of samples following RT-PCR amplification and confirmatory DNA sequencing, which was disappointing. About 93% of adults with 39 years and 40–59 years he was, most infections were found in the adult population aged 18–39 years and 40–59 years; Patients with MAYV infection had headache, myalgia, and arthralgia, with headache being the most common symptom. The bulk of the MAYV cases were recorded in May and April, corresponding to the dry season," the researchers found.

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6560480


The PHERCC matrix. An ethical framework for planning, governing, and evaluating Risk and Crisis Communication in the context of Public Health Emergencies

"In this paper, we present a consistent definition of the risk and crisis communication process in the context of public health emergency," the researcher, source, channel, public, alert, and feedback are all key elements. " We'll give you an ethical framework for planning, governing, and evaluating PHERCC policies based on these elements and a comprehensive examination of their role in PHERCC. The resulting matrix aids in clarifying the interplay between the PHERCC process and the framework's principles by simplifying the implementation with real life examples and scenarios.

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6559205


Health Information Services and Public Healthcare Awareness: A Behavioral Study of Rural Inhabitants of the Balasore District of Odisha

"It also assesses the healthcare information needs, satisfaction with healthcare services and programs, channels through which health information is disseminated, and challenges they have faced in the absence of appropriate health care services. " The government should use the facilities of health information services in rural areas of the district's rural areas to raise the possibility of healthy living among the rural residents. ".

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6547854


Health Information System in Odisha: An Evaluative Study of the Public Health Information Service Infrastructures for Rural Inhabitants of Balasore District

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Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6547843


Practical Opportunities to Improve the Impact of Health Risk Assessment on Environmental and Public Health Decisions

"This report investigates key HRA topics with the intention of finding viable solutions for solving this challenging issue after receiving warnings about the decline of health risk assessment in making public health decisions. " The responses reveal a variety of interpretations of HRA in the decision-making context;including confusion with the health impact assessment —and report persistent problems within the risk analysis field that contribute to the increase of inconsistent HRA practices. This inconsistency lowers HRA's efficiency in its primary task of informing public health decisions. ".

Source link: https://zenodo.org/record/6538574

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions