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Public Health - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 07 November 2022

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eHealth: A Focus on Software Architectures for Brazilian Public Health

The use of digital technologies and an optimized management process for a large volume of data is under constant pressure to improve the quality of healthcare services and reduce costs, which has fueled the use of digital technologies and an optimized management process for a substantial volume of data. The availability of several archetypes, which have numerous legacy systems in some instances, making it even more difficult for healthcare organizations to develop innovative solutions makes it even more challenging for healthcare organizations to find innovative solutions. This essay sought to map the applications related to Brazil's Unified Health System's Unified Health Platform, using a systematic literature review as a process.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-04435-9_33


Moralization and Mismoralization in Public Health

Moralization is a socio-psychological process in which morally neutral issues take on moral significance. Moralization can sometimes lead to positive outcomes, but moralization is often detrimental to individuals and society as a whole. While paying close attention to the relevant details, we argue that one must participate in metaethical investigation of moralization processes in order to detect mismoralization. It could be helpful to deviate from our urge to moralize individuals and as social groups—u2014anywhere and wherever moralization is unjustified.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-022-10103-1


Cognitive Optimisation and Schizophrenia: Assembling Heterogeneity, Overcoming the Precariousness of Life, and Challenging Public Health Policies in Psychiatry in France

In order to increase their social integration, cognitive enhancement therapy seeks to improve cognitive skills of people with schizophrenia in order to increase their social integration. The focus on cognitive health and cognitive skills is not only redefining the clinical logics of care and reshaping medical models of schizophrenia, but it is also opening up to a new portrait of individuals's precarious life situations, where emotional, biological, and cognitive instability are intertwined with socioeconomic and economic instability. I then investigate the extent to which psychiatrists have extended CRT's objectives to include psychosocial therapy in order to prevent not only the effects of cognitive deficits but also the consequences of limited social and workplace integration faced by patients. I conclude with a review of how CRT has evolved, for its supporters in France, into a way to carry out a French psychiatry research project.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-021-09745-2


Progression likelihood score identifies substages of presymptomatic type 1 diabetes in childhood public health screening

In children with multiple islet autoantibodies diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, OGTT and HbA_1c were screened for diagnosis of presymptomatic stage 1 or type 2 diabetes. To produce a progression likelihood score to identify children with stage 1 diabetes who progressed to stage 3 type 1 diabetes within two years, Cox proportional risks and penalized logistic regression of autoantibody, genetic, metabolic, and demographic data were used. In children with stage 2 type 1 diabetes, the two-year risk for progression to stage 3 diabetes was 48 percent. According to the derived progress likelihood score, substages corresponding to the u226490th centile and > 90th centile of stage 1 children with a 1. 6 percent 2 year risk of developing stage 3 type 1 diabetes were found in both substages.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-022-05780-9


How can health technology assessment support our response to public health emergencies?

Countries can increase their PHE responses by investing in health technology assessment, which is defined as a process of gathering relevant data and evaluating health technologies from a medical, economic, socioeconomic, and ethical standpoint. During COVID-19, HTA companies in low- and middle-income countries have adapted to assisting PHE-related decisions, as well as providing examples of how HTA companies in low- and middle-income countries have responded to COVID-19, showing how HTA can assist in the response to a PHE.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-022-00925-z


A multinational Delphi consensus to end the COVID-19 public health threat

A multinational, multidisciplinary panel of 386 experts in COVID-19 response from 112 countries addresses deficiencies in the pandemic response and helps bring this public health risk to an end. The committee released a series of 41 consensus statements and 57 recommendations to governments, health organizations, industry, and other key stakeholders in six domains: communications; health systems; vaccination; prevention; and inequities. The study's findings, which have been expanded to 184 organizations around the world, include points of unanimous agreement, as well as six recommendations with more than 5% disagreement, that include health and social policy steps to fix pandemic response inadequacies and help bring this public health threat to an end.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-05398-2


Costs of pediatric hydrocephalus treatment for the Brazilian public health system in the Northeast of Brazil

Purpose: Objectives: For the Brazilian public health system, the objective is to determine the costs of pediatric hydrocephalus surgical therapy, particularly ventriculoperitoneal shunt and endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Methods Retrospective cohort analysis of health records of patients under the diagnosis of hydrocephalus with a diagnosis of hydrocephalus who underwent VPS or ETV between September 2009 and June 2016 regularly followed up for 24 months. Both 60 and 16 patients were enrolled in the VPS and ETV groups. In 56% of the children receiving VPS and 18% of those watching ETV, complications were found during 2 years of follow-up. The initial cost of VPS was less than that of ETV up to about 1 year of post-surgical follow-up. Public policies must be tailored to ensure the right care to children with hydrocephalus as well as the use of public resources without compromising the quality of care.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-022-05630-4


Utilization of labor pain management methods and associated factors among obstetric care givers at public health institutions of East Gojjam Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2020: a facility based cross – sectional study

Background Labor Pain is a chronic, emotional, and mental condition that may be directly related to real or potential tissue damage. It also affects parodontient and fetuses, and as a result of u201cunpleasant sexual and emotional disturbances associated with real or potential tissue injury. u201cunple. com The purpose of this investigation was to determine the use of labour pain management tools and related factors among obstetric care givers in the study area. In public health services of East Gojjam Zone from April 15 to May 15, 2020, a method-based cross sectional research study design was implemented. Result In this study, the utilization of labor pain management techniques was 48. 9%. Conclusion and recommendation This report revealed poor use of labour pain management techniques, despite the fact that there was no evidence of it. To increase the use of labor pain management, an important aspect of labor pain management is adequate knowledge, enablers, and availability of opioid and equipment were all determinants. Hence, it is also important to develop your own knowledge, encourage dependence, and equipment availability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-022-05094-z

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions