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Public Health - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 07 June 2022

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Grey Multiattribute Emergency Decision-Making Method for Public Health Emergencies Based on Cumulative Prospect Theory

"In view of the differences in decision makers' and knowledge gap concerning the timing of the subjects under review, a multiattribute dynamic decision-making scheme that prioritizes decision risk in lieu of the priority of time is suggested. " The multiattribute decision matrix was redesigned into an amazing interactive prospect decision matrix in conjunction with the time scale. In addition, the prospect value function and the weight function are built; a new optimization scheme is recommended to achieve the attribute weight, based on cumulative prospect theory.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3240483


Economic Growth Effect of Public Health Investment and Its Impact on Living Environment

"The results indicate that increasing government financial public health investment on regional economic growth in the region is not limited to regional economic growth alone and growth rate, but also related to regional education and regional publicity level in logical analysis. " Enhancing the urban living environment quality of the city can not only raise the overall living environment quality of the area, but also promote the city's growth and the city's growth speed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/2192255


Wastewater network infrastructure in public health: Applications and learnings from the COVID-19 pandemic.

"Accurate estimates of the prevalence of COVID-19 infections in families can inform public health policies for the new pandemic. The analysis of sewage at the wastewater treatment plant level aids in population-level monitoring of disease trends and virus mutations. Using recent and successful applications of WBE during the COVID-19 pandemic for illustration, we explore the types of data that can be obtained through varying degrees of WBE investigation, concrete plans for implementation, and public health steps that can be taken based on WBE surveillance results of infectious diseases in this critical review.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000061


Dynamics of Salmonella enterica and antimicrobial resistance in the Brazilian poultry industry and global impacts on public health

"S. enterica serovars Heidelberg and Minnesota were the most popular serovars in Brazil and meat products imported from Brazil to the United Kingdom," Serovars "S. enterica serovars Heidelberg and Minnesota were the most common serovars in Brazil and meat products imported from Brazil and the United Kingdom. Following the rise of these two serovars in Brazilian poultry, Long-term surveillance results obtained in the United Kingdom showed no rise in the prevalence of Salmonella Heidelberg or Salmonella Minnesota in human cases of clinical disease in the UK. These results show that, in addition to increasing antimicrobial use, the introduction of the Salmonella Enteritidis vaccine in Brazilian poultry flocks may have resulted in the replacement of salmonellae in serovars that are more drug resistant but less common in humans in the United Kingdom. Here we find that S. enterica serovars Heidelberg and Minnesota were the most common serovars in Brazilian poultry and poultry products imported from Brazil and the United Kingdom. Following an increase of these two serovars in Brazilian poultry, however, long-term surveillance data collected by the UK Health Security Agency showed no rise in the prevalence of Salmonella Heidelberg or Salmonella Minnesota in human cases of clinical disease in the UK. These results indicate that introduction of the Salmonella Enteritidis vaccine, in addition to increasing antimicrobial use, may have resulted in the replacement of salmonellae in Brazilian poultry flocks with serovars that are more drug resistant, but not as prevalent in humans in the United Kingdom. ".

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/3698beb6c4534f3196b1fa42d83fcd08


The Massachusetts public health data warehouse and the opioid epidemic: A qualitative study of perceived strengths and limitations for advancing research

"Mass created a Public Health Data Warehouse, encompassing individually linked administrative data on most of the population as provided by more than 20 agencies. " As others attempt to gather and analyze huge amounts of opioid use, there is a need to consider its research value. We gathered qualitative data in 2019 from 39 people familiar with the Massachusetts Public Health Data Warehouse in order to determine perceived strengths and weaknesses of administrative big data. The opioid crisis's use of administrative large data to conduct studies on the opioid crisis has benefits, but it also has drawbacks, which, if unrecognized, could jeopardize the drug's effectiveness. Findings can help researchers to tap the benefits of big data and avoid inappropriate use, as well as aid states that are gathering large databases to guide public health policy and policy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101847


Collaborative Dissent: Noses as Shared Instruments in the Nineteenth-Century Fight for Public Health

"The emergence of boards of health as scientific-political organizations aided, but also undermined productive collaborations among chemists, physicians, and urban dwellers, which we're hoping to develop, as well as urban dwellers" (u2014collaborations of the kind that our modern citizen science goal to create, wherein experts and local laypersons shared power. " This paper examines the first phases of formal public health in Boston, Chicago, and New York City, to reveal the factors that facilitated productive collaborations between chemists and citizens, as well as quantifying the balance of power from local, embedded data to quantitative measurement.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.17351/ests2022.481


Two Public Health Crises, Two Narratives: An Analysis of How Policymakers Have Managed British Columbia's COVID-19 Pandemic and Potential Implications for the Ongoing Overdose Crisis

"We further suggest that constructing the narrative around a communicable disease epidemic such as COVID-19 is quicker than the overdose crisis, in large part because COVID-19 impacts every person, not the overdose crisis, which is expected to have a small effect on the population. " b the key organizations that convey leadership must reach; b the services and initiatives that leadership must ensure wide distribution are sought; and c the messages and tone must be consistent in order to inspire societal change. We conclude that Canada needs to be more involved in managing the COVID-19 crisis in order to better assist people who are immersed in the overdose epidemic, as well as those who are already struggling. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2022.781564


Population measures of subjective cognitive decline: A means of advancing public health policy to address cognitive health

"Abstract" is a form of physical decline and dementia, according to reports, SCD status has been correlated with future cognitive decline and dementia. " "SCD methods can help researchers in analyzing clinical studies by better identifying the populations at risk for more severe cognitive decline based on their SCD status in order to ensure that the right groups are aimed. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/trc2.12142


Effect of Continuous Nursing Model Based on WeChat Public Health Education on Self-Management Level and Treatment Compliance of Stroke Patients

"Background: To analyze the effect of a continuing nursing model based on WeChat public health education on stroke patient self-management skills and treatment success. Methods: 98 stroke patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China's fourth affiliated hospital from Feb 2018 to Feb 2019 were enrolled as research subjects, according to the research objectives. The life quality scores in both groups after nursing intervention increased, and the experimental group's scores after nursing intervention were significantly higher than those in the control group. Conclusion: Implementing a continua nursing model based on WeChat public health education for stroke patients can significantly raise the self-management level, raise the cognitive level on stroke related-health information, improve patient satisfaction, promote patient physical and mental stability, raise the incidence of infection reduction, and readmission rate. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v51i5.9419


Profiles of lateral violence in nursing personnel of the Spanish public health system.

"Background Workplace Violence in Healthcare Settings has long been investigated in scientific journals, particularly in the nursing profession. " lateral abuse differs from that delivered by a co-worker with similar rank and described as vertical, which is exerted by co-workers with similar positions. This paper aims to expand the understanding of lateral violence experienced by nurses and its interaction with other workplace violence factors such as burnout, job satisfaction, and self-perceived health. The method was simple block sampling was carried out, resulting in a total sample of 925 nurses from 13 public hospitals located in the southeast of Spain's southeast. Cluster analysis showed that the sample distribution and response percentages of the ad-hoc questionnaire were determined and classified by cluster analysis, according to the study variables. Conclusions Nursing professionals who experience lateral assault show a lower intrinsic satisfaction, being less self-accomplished in their work, and less positive work experience. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268636

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions