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Production - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 06 August 2022

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Improved hydrogenation process for margarine production with no trans fatty acid formation by non-thermal plasma with needle-in-tube configuration

To increase hydrogenation reaction in trans-fat free margarine production, a non-thermal dielectric barrier discharge plasma with needle-in-tube configuration was used. Refined palm olein was used as raw material with operating conditions at ambient pressure, room temperature, and no catalyst. After plasma treatment, effects of hydrogen gas concentration, input power, gas diffusion rate, discharge gap size, and reaction time were determined. With an increase in saturated fatty acid content from 60. 75 to 23. 56, the lowest iodine value was reduced from 60. 82 to 31. 39 %, increase in unsaturated fatty acid composition from 60. 83 to 31. 39 h reaction time, and 15 h reaction time, the lowest iodine value was achieved.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607791287


Identification of microbial airborne contamination routes in a food production environment and development of a tailored protection concept using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation

Food spoilage is one of the most common causes of food spoilage, contributing to food waste and economic loss. Airborne microbial re-contamination is one of the most common causes of food spoilage. Bioaerosol re-contaminations can be reduced by cleanrooms, but they are not appropriate for open food processing environments. The present investigation investigated airborne microbial strains and contamination routes within bakery production. According to mold and TVCs ranging from 20 to 960 CFU/mu00b3, as well as 20 to 1600 CFU/mu00b3, respectively, and various mold and TVCs from 20 to 900 CFU/mu00b3. Consequently, this report suggests an alternative FFU-based surveillance program for airborne contaminants in open food processing areas.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607791284


The effect of metal-containing nanoparticles on the health, performance and production of livestock animals and poultry.

Animal growth is enhanced by increased animal growth by adding high doses of mineral feed additives in the form of inorganic salts, but the environment can be polluted in the same way as a result of poor bioavailability. In order to obtain a substitute for administering high doses of minerals in an equally effective alternative, we must find a solution. A potential solution may be to introduce lower doses of metal-containing nanoparticles with the same effect on animal production. Metal nanoparticles have been shown to have a positive effect on animal health, productivity, carcass characteristics, by blood homeostasis maintenance, intestinal microflora, antioxidant damage prevention, and immune responses, etc. Metal-containing nanoparticles can also be a treatment for animal nutrition deficiencies and can enrich animal products with microelements such as meat, milk, or eggs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35491930


Antioxidant effects of seaweeds and their active compounds on animal health and production - a review.

Natural antioxidants added as feed additives will not only improve animal health and overall performance, but also increase animal resistance to environmental stresses such as heat stress, poor housing conditions, diseases, and others. Supplementation of seaweeds to animal diet can raise antioxidant availability, security, and the gut environment. Dietary supplementation of seaweeds can also improve meat quality due to the deposition of marine-derived antioxidant components in muscles. Natural antioxidant use in the meat industry is a cost-effective way to minimize or avoid lipid oxidation. An important point to consider when including seaweeds in animal feed is their variable composition, which can vary based on the species' habitat, location, harvest time, harvest time, and growing conditions such as nutrient content, light intensity, temperature, etc. This report explores the beneficial uses of seaweeds and their extracted compounds, which have antioxidant properties as feed additives and impact animal health and production.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35363108


Sericin-mediated improvement of dysmorphic cardiac mitochondria from hypercholesterolaemia is associated with maintaining mitochondrial dynamics, energy production, and mitochondrial structure.

Context Sericin is a component protein in the silkworm cocoon [ Bombyx Linnaeus] that improves dysmorphic cardiac mitochondria under hypercholesterolemic conditions. This is the first research to look at cardiac mitochondrial proteins related to sericin therapy. Objective Under hypercholesterolaemia, it is necessary to determine the mechanism of sericin's action in cardiac mitochondria. Hypercholesterolaemia was caused in Wistar rats by feeding them 6% cholesterol-containing chow for 6 weeks. In sericin-treated hypercholesterolemic rats compared to the nontreatment group, there was a 32. 22 % rise in the percent striated area of cardiac muscle in compared to the nontreatment group. According to a separate subunit 10 definition of sericin, it could also increase mitochondrial energy production by upregulating acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase and NADH dehydrogenase 1u03b1 subunit 10. These results show that sericin may be an alternative therapy molecule linked to cardiac mitochondrial abnormalities.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35348427


Student video production within health professions education: A scoping review.

Background Information : A change in the use of videos in Health Professions Education has been influenced by recent technological advances. Educators have been encouraging students to produce videos as a learning tool rather than placing students in the role of video observers. Conclusions Overall, the report shows that despite increasing adoption of video production in HPE, the purposes of the project are often unclear; academic and educational considerations undermining the intended learning are often unclear; and instructional considerations underlying the project design are often unclear; risk of undermining the intended learning are often incomplete; Future video production projects should be specific in their intention and strategy, draw on pedagogical theories, plan and address implementation issues, and be flexible in their formative and summative assessment procedures in order to maximize educational success, future video production projects should be transparent in their formative and summative evaluation methods, with emphasis on educational outcomes. To maximise educational outcomes, future video production projects should be transparent in their intention and approach, be sure in their scop and strategy, anticipate and address implementation challenges, be transparent in their formative and build Future research should more specifically demonstrate the connection between the intended learning and the underlying pedagogy, as well as quantitatively assess the effectiveness and feasibility of video production projects.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35180045


RPLP1, an NS4B-interacting protein, enhances production of CSFV through promoting translation of viral genome.

Classical swine fever virus, the etiological agent of classical swine fever, causes significant financial damages to the pig industry. Depletion of RPLP1 had no effect on the operations of CSF's internal ribosome entry portal, according to a dual-luciferase reporter. RPLP1 depletion did not influence the intracellular viral RNA abundance, but it did decrease the intracellular and extracellular progeny virus titers, as well as viral E2 protein expression, which indicates that RPLP1 is crucial for CSFV genome translation.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35129423

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions