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The association between C-section type and PPD signs was to be determined, and if postnatal PTSD symptoms mediate this association. At three months postpartum, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire were administered to look at postpartum depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms. In adjusted and non-adjusted models, the direct impact of emergency C-section on PPD symptoms was non-significant; however, the indirect effect of emergency C-section on PPD symptoms as a mediator was significant, accounting for prenatal depression, social care, and SES. And after adjustment, this indicates that mothers who experienced an emergency or unplanned C-section raised PTSD scores by almost half a point. According to the results, PTSD can be a cause by which emergency C-sections are associated with PPD development.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084900
Family history of psychiatric disorders is a risk factor for triggering psychiatric episodes outside of the postpartum period, but evidence of the relationship between familial risk and PPD is uncertain. Hence, the aim of this systematic review is to summarize the existing evidence on the connection between family history of psychiatric disorders and PPD. Evidence reveals a risk link between family history of psychiatric disorders and PPD in the United States. Eligible studies are case-control and cohort studies that provide a risk estimate. Discussion This systematic review will be the first to synthetize current findings and present an overall figure on the relationship between family history of psychiatric disorders and PPD. Women at high risk of PPD in routine perinatal care must be identified early in life by evaluating their psychiatric family history as a PPD risk factor, according to the early detection of women at a high risk of PPD.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-022-01952-1
Objectives: This research was carried out among 708 mothers of a child aged 2 weeks to 18 months to determine the prevalence of postpartum depression, its correlates, and the impact on quality of life. CONclusion: The frequency of PPD in women with PPD was lower than those without PPD, and PPD is lowering the quality of life of the mother.
Introduction: Postpartum depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders affecting young women. The goal of this research was to determine the prevalence of patients with postpartum depression in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology's wards and outpatients section. Dr. George Mukhari Academic Hospital's Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology's Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology's postpartum depression. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive research was conducted where 150 consenting mothers at 6 weeks postpartum in the postnatal clinic were recruited from DGMAH using established inclusion and exclusion criteria. To determine depression prevalence, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale, a self-screening scale for depression, was used. Depression at six weeks postpartum at DGMAH was reported to be 8. 9%. Psychosocial factors and infant's birth weight of 2. 5 kilograms were found to be strongly associated with postpartum depression. Conclusion: Postpartum depression is highly prevalent in South Africa.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v24i0.1310
According to the study, "the marital tensions will be greater in women with postpartum depression than in women from the general population. " Similarly, women with postpartum depression had a difficult time in comprehending themselves, and they blamed themselves for comparing them with women without postpartum depression. When things went wrong and caused problems for themselves, women with postpartum depression blamed themselves.
Abstract Background In the postpartum period, maternal depression during pregnancy has been found less than depression. In a group of Afro-Jamaican pregnant women in Jamaica, the aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of prepartum and postpartum depression, as well as the risk factors involved. Methods The Zung self-rating depression scale was administered to 73 healthy pregnant women at 28 weeks gestation and 6 weeks postpartum for quantitative measures of depression. In both cases, 94 percent women experiencing depression were single. Both FT3 and TT 4 concentrations increased from week 8 to week 28 preparum and then dropped at the 35th week and 1 day post delivery study, with some significant differences in both FT 3 and TT 4 concentrations. The mean TSH increase from week 8 to week 35 has increased strongly. Preparum depression, moderate and severe prepartum depression, and a shift in TT 4 hormone levels were the key factors of postpartum depression.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-5-15
Background: Particularly first-time mothers, especially first-time mothers, may be concerned about how they will cope with looking after themselves and their newborn. Most Indian women believe that they have little or no influence over their pregnancies or outcomes. The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of a Structured Physical Activity and Health Care Education program on Primipara mothers' psychological stability in the postpartum period. Structured Physical Activity (with structured physical Education and counseling) was part of a 4-week “Structured Physical Activity” initiative by a group of health care professionals joined with parenting education & counseling. Health Care Education Only received only the same educational data as the experimental group. Conclusion: A Structured Physical Activity and Health Care Education program is highly effective in improving Primipara mothers' wellbeing in the post-partum period.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.15621/ijphy/2014/v1i3/53468
While research shows that the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and their mediators would be able to control several biological pathways involved in postpartum depression, observational findings remains mixed. In the adjusted model, we found a strong negative correlation between docosahexaenoic acid levels and the risk of postpartum depression. PPD's rise was significantly correlated with higher n-6/n-3 and arachidonic acid/eicosapentaenoic acid ratios, as well as an elevated risk of PPD. Women with an omega-3 index 5% had a 5-fold greater chance of depressive episode than those with an omega-3 index 5%. A low n-3 PUFA status alone and in conjunction with a high n-6 PUFA number in early pregnancy elevated the risk of PPD. This key public health problem can be a simple, safe, and cost-effective solution for managing maternal n-3 PUFA deficiency.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11040876
Background: Pain and depression are linked, but it is unknown if effective pain relief during labor analgesia reduces the incidence of postpartum depression. Parturients were randomly assigned either CSE labour analgesia or normal vaginal delivery. With continuous infusion of 0. 1 percent levobupivacaine and 2 g/ml fentanyl @5 ml/h in the CSE and PCEA, patients were given 0. 5 ml of 0. 5% hyperbaric bupivacaine intrathecally and PCEA, as well as patient-controlled boluses with a lockout time of 15 minutes. Both the groups' Parturients and PPD were tested using Edinburgh's Depressive Scale for depressive symptoms on day 3 and PPD at 6 weeks. PPD versus the CSE group vs. the control group was not significant, but there was no difference in incidence of PPD between the CSE group and the control group. PPD was the only significant predictor of PPD development among all the risk factors investigated in logistic regression's logistic regression model, but perceived anxiety during pregnancy was the only significant predictor of PPD development.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/sja.SJA_814_19
The aim of this article is to report a case of premacular hemorrhage in a 37-week pregnant woman with concurrent onset of postpartum depression related to her ocular disease. Methods: A 27-year-old woman in her 37th week of pregnancy was diagnosed with Valsalva retinopathy, which occurred in her left eye secondary to heavy coughing. The patient, who gave birth by cesarean section, was admitted for a control examination two weeks after birth. In premacular hemorrhage testing, no change was found. However, the patient's relatives argued that she was highly agitated and disinterested in her child. Following the Nd:YAG laser installation, a rapid formation of premacular hemorrhage into the vitreous cavity was observed immediately. In pregnant women suffering from Valsalva retinopathy during the postpartum period, posterior hyaloidotomy by Nd:YAG laser can be administered in terms of the patients' physical and mental stability.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000350773
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