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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 12 June 2022

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Oral and Dental Considerations of Combat-Induced Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)—A Cross-Sectional Study

"Objective: This report compared dental, periodontal, oral, and joint/muscle tenderness among Israeli combat-induced post-traumatic stress disorder war veterans to non-PTSD veterans. " Study design: This prospective three-arm research compared oral and facial characteristics between 100 Israeli veterans of Ci-PTSD and 103 non-PTSD periodontal patients. In the PTSD group compared to the control group, the plaque index was elevated relative to the control group. Compared to the nonmedicated group and the controls, severe periodontal disease was more common among the PTSD subgroup taking medications than the nonmedicated group and the controls. Heavy smoking was more prevalent in the medicated PTSD patients than in other groups" compared to other groups.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11113249


The Relationship between 9/11 Exposure, Systemic Autoimmune Disease, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Mediational Analysis

"The connection between 9/11 exposure, systemic autoimmune disease, and mental stability is vague," the author states. This paper builds on a previous study by the World Trade Center Health Registry to see if 9/11 exposure is related to an elevated risk of SAD, if so, if so, whether post-traumatic stress disorder is a mediating factor and whether the relationship varies by responder/community member status. To determine the correlation between 9/11 exposure and PTSD and SAD, logistic regression models were built. SAD was 1. 85 percent higher in the pooled group than those with 9/11-related PTSD. Many with dust cloud exposure had almost doubled the chance of SAD, while community members, those with 9/11-related PTSD, had 2. 5 times the likelihood of SAD. Although new data shows 9/11 exposure may be related to SAD, more study is required, particularly using pooled data from other 9/11-exposed cohorts to properly describe this relationship. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116514


A Public Health Perspective of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

"Trauma exposure is one of the most common and common risk factors for mental and physical impairment. " Prolonged or heavy stress exposure raises the risk of a number of mental and physical disorders, resulting in a condition called post-traumatic stress disorder. This literature review provides a summary of up-to-date research on traumatic stress, with a focus on causes or causes of anxiety, factors that influence response to stress, disease burden, and the application of the social-ecological public health model of disease prevention.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116474


Post-traumatic stress disorder among COVID-19 survivors in Manipur: A cross-sectional study

"Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is a condition that can arise among those experiencing psychological trauma, and it can cause significant anxiety and disruption in one's life as a result of a pandemic. " This research aims to determine the prevalence of PTSD among the COVID-19 survivors in Manipur and its predictors. Methods and Methods: This cross-sectional research was carried out in Manipur among the COVID-19 survivors aged 18 years and above from July to September 2020 using a validated device;u2014the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-5, based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for screening PTSD was administered via a phone-based Google Form questionnaire. Conclusion: Nearly three-fourths of the COVID-19 survivors were discovered to suffer with PTSD symptoms. To prevent the deleterious effects of the pandemic on mental stability, mental health professionals' active involvement and timely counseling as well as family and community assistance is required.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1474_21


Children and adolescents treated for post-traumatic stress disorder at the Free State Psychiatric Complex

After exposure to a variety of challenging events, including domestic, political or gang violence, violent assault, physical and sexual assault, hijacking, witnessing a violent crime, and motor vehicle accidents, children and adolescents can experience post-traumatic stress disorder. " The Child Mental Health Unit of the Free State Psychiatric Complex's Child Mental Health Unit was tested for PTSD diagnosis and analysis was conducted for the purpose of this study. Children and adolescents who are referred to the FSPC are also exposed to violent situations that contribute to the development of PTSD. Reinforcement of professional services and the renovation of facilities would reduce the burden on the Child Mental Health Unit, but it will require joint efforts by various stakeholders such as the National Departments of Health and Education. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v20i1.441


Post-traumatic stress disorder among the staff of a mental health hospital: Prevalence and risk factors

"Background: Mental health care service providers are regularly exposed to stress and abuse in the line of duty. " Aim: To determine the prevalence and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder among mental health professionals in a tertiary mental health clinic in Botswana. Setting: The research was conducted in Sbrana Psychiatric Hospital, Botswana's only referral psychiatric hospital. Those challenging situations encountered in the course of treating patients in mental health clinics and departments may have contributed to post-traumatic stress disorder. Health workers may be referred to work in psychiatric units or post-incident trauma counseling of those exposed to violence, which may be helpful in minimizing the incidence of PTSD in mental hospital health care workers. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v24i0.1222


Post-traumatic stress disorder symptom severity, trauma load and sleeping difficulties in trauma-exposed, treatment-seeking adolescents

"In a sample of trauma-exposed, treatment-seeking adolescents, the aim of this research was to determine if PTSD symptom severity and trauma load is related to nightmares and insomnia. " Methods: Using the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia, a total of 358 South African adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years of age, were tested for PTSD-related sleep difficulties. Using the child PTSD checklist, PTSD symptoms severity was determined. Conclusions: Adolescents reporting recent trauma-related nightmares and current insomnia had significantly higher PTSD symptom severity scores than those without current nightmares and insomnia. Adolescents with recent trauma-related nightmares and insomnia were also exposed to a much greater number of chronic illnesses and insomnia than those without current nightmares and insomnia.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v24i0.1300


Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in the post-quarantine context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Peruvian medical students

"The present study seeks to investigate the reasons responsible for the emergence of PTSD in a post-quarantine setting due to COVID-19 in medical students. " Objectives: To investigate the reasons responsible for the onset of post-quarantine PTSD symptoms in medical students from a Peruvian university. Medical students enrolled in the Peruvian University of Applied Sciences' 2020-01 academic cycle will be eligible. Multicollinearity will be measured with the variance inflation factor and a matrix of independent variables following each model comparison and decision. Results: Not having health insurance, having relatives or close friends who contracted the disease, or having a lower family income are all factors that contribute to PTSD in the Peruvian university's post-quarantine environment. "Certification is vital for medical students with a high risk of experiencing PTSD symptoms. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09446


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Coping Strategies Among People with HIV in Lira District, Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study

"However, little is known about how people with HIV live with the PTSD burden in Lira, northern Uganda, from February 10, 2022, to March 10, 2022," the study was conducted in Lira District Health Centre IVs. Among 390 people with HIV in Lira Health Centre IVs were recruited, a facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted. According to the female respondents, male respondents had a 51% reduced risk of experiencing PTSD than female respondents. Compared to those who planned activities, individuals who did not use planning as a coping tactic had a twofold greater chance of experiencing PTSD than those who did not. Compared to those who had emotional help, participants who did not have emotional assistance were almost three times more likely to experience PTSD than those who did. Conclusion: The occurrence of PTSD among HIV clients attending health center IVs in Lira District was more than fourfold greater than those who did not have spirituality, and it was notably higher than those who did not. Concluding: A significant number of PTSD among HIV patients attending health center IVs in Lira District was notably higher than those who had spirituality, planning services, emotional stability, and spirituality were all significantly elevated, suggesting that gender, planning activities, emotional assistance, coping strategies, HIV, mental stability, and post-traumatic stress disorder are all key words in the treatment program of HIV care services in Lira District's health center IVs.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/28d478492aff404ca260320557ba5486


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

"Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychological disorder that contributes to significant cognitive impairment and reinforced learned fear behavior and increased stress response. " The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and lateral PPC are part of the executive control network. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is a procedure used in treating PTSD and involves stimulation of specific areas of the brain by electromagnetic stimulation. High-frequency TMS applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has been approved for use in treating major depressive disorder in patients who have had failed at least one drug trial. In recent studies, high-frequency stimulation has been shown to be more effective in post-treatment PTSD rating scales than low-frequency stimulation. Mild analgesics are the most common side effects, with headache and scalp pain treated by mild analgesics. More studies should be conducted with larger sample sizes to determine the safety of TMS in the treatment of PTSD. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.701348

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions