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Position Effect - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 17 July 2022

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Effect of sleep position in term healthy newborns on sudden infant death syndrome and other infant outcomes: A systematic review.

Methods This systematic review of randomized trials and observational studies found the effect of the supine in comparison to non-supine sleep position on healthy newborns. Compared to a non-supine position, a single study meeting the inclusion criteria revealed that the supine sleep position could minimize the risk of SUDI. The results were not clear, and Supine's sleeping position could minimize SIDS risk and unexplained SIDS/severe ALTE. Supine sleep position at 6 months has increased the chances of being 0. 5 percent less than normal on Gross Motor Scale at 6 months, but may have no effect on 18 months of age. Conclusions According to low-total evidence, supine sleep position may reduce the risk of SUDI and SIDS. Supine sleeping is predicted to delay short-term 'gross motor' growth by six months,' according to limited studies, but the effect on long-term neurodevelopment at 18 months may be negligible.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35838069


Effect of sigh in lateral position on postoperative atelectasis in adults assessed by lung ultrasound: a randomized, controlled trial.

Historiography In 90 percent of patients receiving general anesthesia, postoperative atelectasis occurs. Several natural physiological habits that have been interrupted under general anesthesia, according to several studies, can cause atelectasis and lung aeration. This research sought to find out whether a combined physiological recruitment tactic, sigh in lateral position, could minimize postoperative atelectasis using lung ultrasound. Methods We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in adults with open abdominal surgery under general anesthesia that lasted for 2 h or longer. There was no significant difference between LUS scores, Cdyn, and FiO 2/FiO 2 between CPRM-group and C-group before recruiting. LUS scores in CPRM-group dropped dramatically compared to C-group, according to LUS, while PaO 2 /FiO 2 and Cdyn in CPRM-group increased significantly after recruiting, as compared to C-group and C-group respectively. Conclusions Sighing in a lateral position can effectively eliminate postoperative atelectasis without causing dramatic side effects.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35820814


Halogen bond-directed self-assembly in bicomponent blends at the solid/liquid interface: effect of the alkyl chain substitution position.

Surface-based fabrication of well-organised molecular assemblies is vital for the development of functional molecular assemblies applicable to nanoelectronic and molecular devices. In this research, we investigated the effects of substituting alkyl chains on the establishment of halogen-bonded molecular networks. hexagonal arrays were tentatively established in the unusual case of FI bearing hexadecyloxy chains at the 3,5-positions in the unusual case of hexadecyloxy chains, owing to the triangular molecular arrangement induced by halogen bonding.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35791703


Effect of body position on the redistribution of regional lung aeration during invasive and non-invasive ventilation of COVID-19 patients.

Mechanical ventilation is required for Severe COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome. The underlying mechanisms that resulted in the improvement in respiratory function in C-ARDs have yet to be identified, although this intervention is often carried out in the hopes of raising oxygenation. We reviewed the respiratory performance of C-ARDS patients in the supine and prone positions during invasive or noninvasive ventilation in this prospective observational study. The prone position in comparison to the supine position greatly increased airflow in dorsal lung zones for patients under invasive ventilation; however, regional aeration in both regions did not change during non-invasive ventilation. paraphrasedoutput:Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. gov and Registered 24 April 2020, https://clinicaltrials. gov/show/NCT04359407/ct2/show/NCT04359407.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35773299


The effect of lumbar spinal fusion on native acetabular anteinclination in standing position.

The present study sought to investigate the following topics: whether native acetabular anteposition in standing position changes following lumbar spinal fusion; potential correlations between AI development and several spinopelvic measurements, such as change in lumbar lordosis, pelvic tilt, and anterior pelvic plane angle; and the change in anterior pelvic plane angle; and many other spinopelvic parameters; On a standing lateral radiograph, the difference between pre- and postoperative acetabular anteinclination, lumbar lordosis, anterior pelvic plane angle, sacral slope, and pelvic tilt was determined, compared to determine the influence of LSF on the lumbopelvic geometry. The Pearson correlation showed a strong negative correlation of u0394AI with u0394LL. Conclusions In patients with concomitant hip and spine pathology, clinical decision-making should take into account the connection between native anteinclination and lumbar lordosis in order to minimize the possibility of functional acetabular component malalignment.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35767041


Effect of Femoral Head and Neck Osteotomy on Canines' Functional Pelvic Position and Locomotion.

The locomotory system of dogs was determined, as well as the long-term effects of femoral head and neck osteotomy. For statistical analysis, Linear mixed effect models were used. When measuring from the tuber sacrale with a Myrin goniometer, five of the dogs tilted away from the FHO side, and five of the five dogs tilted toward the FHO side, and five of them five toward the FHO side. In trot, there were no differences between the FHO and non-FHO leg in terms of stance time, swing time, or peak pressure between the FHO and non-FHO limbs. Over the long run, the FHO limb has muscle atrophy, reduced coxofemoral extension, and reduced static weight bearing. Dog owners considered the result of surgery to be fair or excellent.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35804530

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions