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Parenteral Nutrition - Crossref

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Last Updated: 27 July 2022

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Thyroid Dysfunction and the Effect of Iodine-Deficient Parenteral Nutrition in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: A Nationwide Analysis of a Korean Neonatal Network Database

Background: We investigated the connection between iodine-deficient parenteral diet and TD require L-thyroxine in order to determine the effects of thyroid dysfunction in very low birth weight infants. TD-LT4 was more of a risk for infants under gestational age and some other neonatal morbidities such as seizures and persistent pulmonary hypertension than PN u2265 4 weeks, according to a multivariate review. However, the effect of nutritional iodine deficiency on TD-LT4 risk in Korean VLBW infants was less than that of SGA or severe neonatal morbidities in Korean VLBW infants.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14153043


Effect of parenteral nutrition on cold-induced vasogenic edema in cats

U2713: Standard parental nutritional formulas' impact on cold-induced vaping edema formation in cats was investigated and compared to those of 5% dextrose, 0. 9 saline, and 40. 5% mannitol. Specific gravity measurements were taken as a measure of white matter water content. Parenteral nutritional powders and a 40. 5% mannitol solution resulted in greater changes in serum osmolality than did 5% dextrose or 0. 9% saline. In the uninjured hemisphere, higher rises in serum osmolality were correlated with higher measured edema in the fractured hemisphere and lower water content.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/jns.1986.64.3.0460


Gastrointestinal immune and microbiome changes during parenteral nutrition

Parenteral nutrition is a lifesaving medicine that provides intravenous nutrition to patients who are unable or unwilling to feed via the gastrointestinal tract. PN has a negative effect on intestinal epithelium and chemical secretions, as well as adaptive immune cells, and dramatically alters intestinal microbiome function. The quest to improve outcomes by raising GI immune function during PN remains of concern, considering that PN remains a common condition in large numbers of patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpgi.00321.2016


Accidental intracranial infusion of parenteral nutrition in a preterm neonate

It's especially in premature infants that respiratory access in the neonate can be difficult. When other access is not available, superficial scalp veins can be used for vascular access in a safe manner. After open drainage and irrigation of bilateral intracranial spaces and the spinal thecal sac, the child had an excellent outcome. Patients with mass effect, viscous effusions, or poor neurological examination findings, can be advised by drainage and irrigation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2015.3.peds1334


Total parenteral nutrition after surgery rapidly increases serum leptin levels

OBJECTIVE: Long-Term Changes in Human Leptin is governed by long-term changes in energy intake. However, a short-term monitoring of serum leptin by diets has been difficult to detect. SUBJECTS AND EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL: Fourteen patients of normal weight were randomly divided into two groups for elective open cholecystectomy. RESULTS: Postoperative TPN lead to a significant rise in serum leptin within 6 h, with a more than fourfold increase within 14 hours. Within 2 h, serum glucose and insulin levels increased significantly, while TPN-treated mice increased by a significant extent. Both groups' serum cortisol levels increased postoperatively in both groups, which may explain why no significant decline in serum leptin was observed in the group receiving saline. CONCLUSION: During fasting and surgical stress, nutrients rapidly elevated the serum leptin levels in humans in a manner similar to that previously reported in rodents.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1530/eje.0.1440123


Use of parenteral nutrition in term and late preterm infants: an Australian and New Zealand survey

Abstract Abstract: There are no studies on the use of parenteral nutrition in term and late preterm infants. At least one neonatologist from twenty-seven out of thirty tertiary neonatal intensive care units responded — at least one neonatologist from twenty-seven out of thirty. One percent targeted for 1 g/kg of parenteral amino acids per d, while 27% targeted for 2 g/kg/d, whereas 27 percent intended for 2 g/kg/d. Renal arrest and high plasma urea were the key indicators for retaining/decreating the amino acid intake. Thirty-three percent intended for a dose of 2 g/kg per day of parenteral lipids; more than 9 percent expected a dose of 1u20132 g/kg/kg/d, with 4 % expected for a dose of sepsis and 4 % for >3 g/kg/kg/d on a d. The lack of high-quality research in this population is highlighted by the differences in clinicians'u2019's routines with PN use in term and late preterm infants.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114521003020


Calculation and management of ketogenic diet parenteral nutrition in super-refractory status epilepticus

The scientific burden on patients is high when it comes with high mortality and morbidity. The ketogenic diet therapy offered by parental guidance is a ketogenic diet therapy and may be an adjuvant treatment for those who are unable to tolerate enteral diet. This report explores the practical aspects of KD-PN therapy for SRSE treatment, including diet, potential drug-diet interactions, and monitoring during KD-PN therapy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s42494-022-00095-z


Impact of Computerized Provider Order Entry on Total Parenteral Nutrition in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

OBJECTIVES: To determine if computerized provider order entry impacts the time it takes for preterm neonates to meet their parenteral macronutrient goals. p 0. 05: Goal protein was achieved by 74. 5% of CPOE patients versus 36. 4% of controls, p 0. 05. Abnormal serum electrolyte values in the control group increased more often. In 5. 6% of CPOE, adjustments by a verification pharmacist were needed in 5. 6% of the control group orders, relative to 30. 4% of control group orders. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of preterm neonates meeting overall macronutrient goals increased as a result of CPOE parenteral nutrition met increased. Protein goals were met by more patients, and goal lipids were achieved faster with CPOE. This system also reduced the number of pharmacist visits during verification of PN orders and appeared to positively reduce the risk of serum electrolyte disturbances.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5863/1551-6776-21.4.339


Aggressive nutrition in extremely low birth weight infants: impact on parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis and growth

Background Parental nutrition related cholestasis is a common pathology in infants with a low birth weight. To promote postnatal development, a ggressiveu201d diet is increasingly used in ELBW infants. In a cohort of ELBW infants, we investigated the effects of implementing u201caggressive'u201d diet on the incidence of PNAC and growth. Methods Infants The nutrient diet of ELBW infants was based on a u201cconservative or ggressive diet, as well as the design and timing of EF development were inconsistent. The percentage of infants discharged over the 90th BMI percentile did not rise significantly at discharge, though the body mass index at discharge was noticeably higher using u201caggressive u201d nutrition and growth became more proportionate, with significantly less infants being discharged below the 10th BMI percentile and increasing infants being discharged below the 90th percentile. The discussion of u201cAggressive—u201d nutrition of ELBW infants was attributed to a significant decrease in PNAC and a marked rise in postnatal growth.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2483


Effect of supplemental parenteral nutrition on mortality in critically ill adult patients: a meta-analysis and sub-group analysis

Critically ill patients' mortality risk could be reduced by increased nutrition intake by supplemented parenteral nutrition plus enteral nutrition, according to several observational studies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.37766/inplasy2022.7.0045

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions