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Multiple Sclerosis - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 13 September 2022

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Safety, immunogenicity, efficacy, and acceptability of COVID-19 vaccination in people with multiple sclerosis: a narrative review.

Multiple sclerosis patients have been in this review and have briefly summarized the key findings of Coronavirus Disease 2019 vaccination's safety, efficacy, and acceptability. Although the acceptability of COVID-19 vaccines has gradually improved in the last year, a small but significant portion of patients with multiple sclerosis with multiple sclerosis has persistent questions about vaccination that has made them hesitant to get the COVID-19 vaccine. Overall, available evidence shows that the COVID-19 vaccine is safe and effective in multiple sclerosis patients, even though some pharmacologic interventions such as anti-CD20 drugs or sphingosine l-phosphate receptor modulators can reduce the immune response to vaccinations. According to experts, COVID-19 vaccination is highly recommended for people with multiple sclerosis and, in patients treated with anti-CD20 drugs and sphingosine l-phosphate receptor modulators, and physicians should determine the right time for vaccination administration.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35900404


Microglia depletion as a therapeutic strategy: friend or foe in multiple sclerosis models?

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic central nervous system demyelinating disease whose onset and progression are attributed to a variety of immune dysregulation, genetic predisposition, and environmental causes. activated microglia also perform neuroprotective roles, such as tissue damage and heightening deleterious effects and neurodegeneration, and neurodegeneration. However, astroglial transcriptional stimulation into phenotype A2 may also occur in response to neurodegeneration and as a defense mechanism. Importantly, as microglia formation and survival heavily depend on colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor signaling, colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor inhibition can almost completely eliminate microglia from the brain. The present review explores the influence of microglial depletion via colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor inhibition on demyelination, neurodegeneration, astroglial development, and behavior in various sclerosis models, highlighting the variety of microglial mechanisms influencing the development of demyelinating disease and therapy design's diversity.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35900401


NR4A1 agonist cytosporone B attenuates neuroinflammation in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis.

The orphanage nuclear receptor A1 is an orphanage nuclear receptor that is present in the majority of cells. During the preclinical stage of multiple sclerosis, NR4A1 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells is low. The clinical signs in the EAE mice following Csn-B treatment were greatly reduced in comparison to those in PBS-treated control mice. The percentages of CD4+ T cells and F4/80+ cells in the central nervous system were reduced. After Csn-B treatment, in addition, interferon-u03b3 and interleukin-17 production in the central nervous system and interferon-u03b3 levels in splenocytes were reduced.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35662227


MOG and AQP4 antibodies among children with multiple sclerosis and controls.

To determine the prevalence of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein -IgG and aquaporin-4 -IgG among pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis patients and healthy controls, establish whether seropositive patients met their respective diagnostic criteria, compare characteristics and outcomes in children with POMS vs MOG-associated disease, and identify clinical features associated with final diagnosis. Through a prospective case-control survey on POMS risk factors, 14 U. S. sites were enrolled at 14 U. S. hospitals as part of a prospective case-control study on POMS risk factors. The first female, younger age, more commonly had initial optic nerve injury or acute disseminated encephalopathy, and less frequently had spinal cord symptoms, serum Epstein-Barr virus positivity, or cerebrospinal fluid oligoclonal bands were more frequent. Initial ADEM phenotype, younger age at disease onset, and a lack of EBV exposure were all associated with a final diagnosis of MOGAD in those with suspected MS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36088544


Machine-learning-based prediction of disability progression in multiple sclerosis: an observational, international, multi-center study

History: Disability progression is a major factor in the disease evolution of people with multiple sclerosis. A common measure to determine model growth in multiple sclerosis is also missing. Methods: The MSBase consortium used adult PwMS data to build a sequel of at least three years from 146 MS centers, spread over 40 countries, and collected by the MSBase consortium was used. To determine the likelihood of disability progression, state-of-the-art machine learning systems were investigated. The models' discrimination results are evaluated on their area under the receiver operator curve and under the precision recall curve, as well as their calibration using the Brier score and estimated calibration error. Findings: The best model was a temporal attention model. The history of disability progression is more predictive of future disability progression than relapses or relapses, rather than the treatment or relapses. The percentage of MS centers participating in MSBase accounts for %.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR542872


Community Awareness Toward Multiple Sclerosis in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Objectives: The purpose of this survey is to determine the prevalence and knowledge of multiple sclerosis disease among the general population of Saudi Arabia's Western region. Out of the total number of respondents, 46% had a poor knowledge level, whereas 31% had an average level of knowledge, and 22. 5% had a high degree of knowledge.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9438467


Effects of fast-velocity concentric resistance training in people with multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial.

To determine the effects of a fast-velocity concentric resistance training program on maximum bone strength, upper and lower limb, gait speed, endurance, exhaustion, physical self-perception, and catastrophizing pain in people with multiple sclerosis. Intervention was found on both right and left sides of MVIC, as well as hand grip strength. Both right and left sides, respectively, saw a rise in MVIC and hand grip strength after FVCRT. In MS patients, the upper and lower limb strength, walking, symptomatic exhaustion, and catastrophizing pain were all improved. Lower limb FVCRT raised the upper and lower limb strength, walking, symptomatic exhaustion, and catastrophizing pain.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36082806

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions