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ROSS 308 chicks were divided into three treatment groups, totaling 102 one-day-old male ROSS 308 chicks. As a result of adding the milk thistle to the drinking water, there was an improvement in the chickens' health and appearance, enzymatic capacity of selected enzymes, and antioxidant capacity in the blood serum and pectoral muscle as a result. In poultry raising, the addition of a milk thistle seed infusion for chickens can be used to enhance the rearing quality's antioxidant capacity and chicken welfare.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12091085
The silymarin complex of constituents extracted from milk thistle achenes is primarily due to antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective effects, with major health benefits. T-2 and HT-2 toxins in grown milk thistle harvested from a breeding station in the Czech Republic between 2020 and 2021 were tested in Fusarium toxins as T-2 and HT-2 toxins. T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin were found in all tested samples of milk thistle. T-2 toxin in the samples from 2020 was between 122. 7–290. 2 g/kg and HT-2 toxin 157. 0–319. 0 g/kg. The amount of T-2 toxin was in the range of 28. 8 to 69. 9 g/kg and HT-2 toxin was 24. 2–75. 4 g/kg in 2021. The results show that the climatic conditions of harvesting have a particularly high impact on milk thistle's T-2 and HT-2 toxins.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14040258
This report was conducted to determine the effect of feeding milk thistle seed cakes at doses 5% and 15% in feed mixture on quality indicators of broiler chickens meat. The experimental groups were fed with feed mixtures that contained 5% of milk thistle seed cakes, 15% of milk thistle seed cakes, and the third group was control - without milk thistle seed cakes. Comparing to that of the original group MT5's slimming was reduced growth of chickens, where a greater number of milk thistle seed cakes were present. The MT5 and MT15 groups had significantly higher breast meat tenderness than the control group. In the MT15 group, the thigh meat was rated highly for the colour parameter. The addition of milk thistle seed cakes did not exacerbate the sensory characteristic of breast or thigh meats in broilers and displays desirable sensory quality characteristics.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.5219/579
Milk thistle is a medicinal plant that has been used for thousands of years as a treatment for a variety of ailments for thousands of years. silybin, the main component of S. marianum fruit extract, is a flavonolignan, which is not only the primary silymarin component but also the most active ingredient of this extract, which has been reported in various studies. Silybin has long been recognized in official medicine as a drug with hepatoprotective properties since the 1970s.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22111942
In a factor experiment based on Complete Randomized Design, effects of seed priming and aging on some physical characteristics of Milk thistle were investigated. The determining factors were germination percentage, daily germination rate, mean time of germination, seed vigor index, hypocutile length, and hypocutile dry weight. According to the results of this experiment, the germination rate, seed vigor, and seedling growth of seeds was all increased under all priming treatments. In the pre-treated seeds, polyphenol oxidase activity was elevated, but not so much in the seedling growth stage. Accelerated ageing has reportedly reduced the germination rate and seedling growth of milk thistle, which is likely due to the increase in lipid peroxidation, free radical rise, and decreasing antioxidant activity. Under priming using 3% KNO3 concentration and control seeds, the highest and lowest antioxidant activity, germination rate, germination rate, and seed vigor were all found.
The fruit of the variety Debut's milk thistle is regarded as the result of studies examining the effect of exogenous seed treatment and foliar dressing of grass stands with complex sulfur-containing microelement fertilizers on seed quality, technological, and biochemical characteristics. With foliar dressing of plants and seed treatment with Megamix-Zinc, the highest yield of milk thistle seeds of 1. 47 t/ha was obtained.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.26177/VRF.2019.2.2.006
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