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MicroRNA Biogenesis - Crossref

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Last Updated: 06 February 2022

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Widespread alterations in microRNA biogenesis in human Huntington’s disease putamen

Abstract Altered microRNA expression is a common feature of Huntington's disease, and it may play a role in disease onset and progression. Nonetheless, no information is known about the root causes of miRNA disruption in HD. Mutant Huntingtin binds to Ago2, a key component of miRNA biogenesis, and disrupts mature miRNA levels, according to We and others. We characterized t major miRNA biogenesis pathway components and miRNA maturation products in human HD and healthy control subjects toward this end. We discovered a number of maturation defects in HD brain using a panel of HD-related miRNAs, the most common occurring at the pre-miRNA to mature miRNA maturation step. Likewise, no significant changes in miRNA biogenesis in human HD cortex and blood were found in human HD cortex and blood, boosting tissue-specific effects. These results, taken together, provide valuable insight into the miRNA gene expressions in HD-susceptible tissues, providing valuable insight into the underlying mechanisms.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.01.27.478047


MicroRNA biogenesis. Part 2. Formation of mature miRNAs. Maturation of non-canonical miRNAs

It has been reported that deficiency of AGO proteins contributes to a drastic decrease in the amount of miRs, and that overexpression of AGO proteins is followed by an increase in the number of miRs. The loading of duplex miRs on AGO proteins is the first stage of the first stage. The cell's cytoplasm of the cell is cytoplasmic of the cell. Human diseases related to processing disorders are described. Mirtrons, 5'-tailed mirtrons, and 3'-tailed mirtrons are among the three classes of mirtrons: common mirtrons, 5'-tailed mirtrons, and 3'-tailed mirtrons. Endogenous csRNAs resemble Drosha-independence synthetic csRNAs used to experimentally induce gene knockout. In tandem or as a component of another type of small RNA gene, Chimeric hairpins of non-canonical miR genes are transcribed in tandem or as part of another form of small RNA gene. With a trinucleotide repeat 6, the RISC complex's center is made up of microRNA, AGO, and protein. The two main steps in the creation of a fully functioning RISC are Loading dsRNA on AGO proteins and subsequent promotion of duplex RNA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.16.3.2021.233912


Methylation as a Crucial Step in Plant microRNA Biogenesis

On the ribose of the last nucleotide, plant microRNAs have a naturally occurring methyl group, as shown here. Our studies show a new and important step in plant miRNA biogenesis, which may have sweeping implications on miRNA function.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1107130


MicroRNA Biogenesis and Hedgehog-Patched Signaling Cooperate to Regulate an Important Developmental Transition in Granule Cell Development

In comparison to the formation and propagation of medulloblastoma, a neoplasm that often arises from granule cell precursors, subsets of miRNAs have been shown to control normal cerebellar granule cell formation. Multiple independent studies have also shown that deregulation of Sonic Hedgehog -Patched signaling, carried out by miRNAs, is the cause of granule cell pathologies. We investigated the genetic interplay between miRNA biogenesis and Shh-Ptch signaling in cerebellum granule cells by using the Cre/lox recombination method in genetically engineered Mus musculus models. We also established that the Dicer1 gene encodes a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene for Ptch1-induced medulloblastoma, with the monoallelic death of Dicer1 being more severe than biallelic loss. These results also show that Dicer1's therapeutic dosage may nonadditively influence a wide variety of Shh-Ptch-dependent pathologies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.115.184176


BRCA1 regulates microRNA biogenesis via the DROSHA microprocessor complex

The DROSHA microprocessor complex controls miRNA maturation, which is controlled by the DROSHA microprocessor complex. We show that the tumor suppressor breast cancer 1 accelerates the processing of miRNA primary transcripts. BRCA1 also recognised the RNA secondary structure and immediately binds primary transcripts of miRNAs via a DNA-binding domain, which was also confirmed by our analysis. BRCA1 controls miRNA biogenesis by the DROSHA microprocessor complex and Smad3/DHX9. BRCA1 in miRNA biogenesis has also been shown in novel ways in miRNA biogenesis, which may be related to its tumor suppressor mechanism and genome stability, according to our results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201110008

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions