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Methyl - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 20 May 2022

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Association between the 5-methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (5-MTHFR) and integrin Β3 subunit (ITGB3) genes polymorphism and major depressive disorder

This research was conducted to see if there was a correlation between 5-methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase and integrin subunit genes polymorphism for the development of significant depressive disorder. Mental Axis I Disorder in the outpatient departments of Taif Psychiatry Health Hospital referred to using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Axis I Disorder. C667T single nucleotide polymorphism was found in ten patients in an heterozygous condition, but A1298C single nucleotide polymorphism was not present in any of them. T1565C single nucleotide polymorphism in the ITGB3 gene, five of whom were homozygous state and 16 of whom were heterozygous state, and sixteen of whom were heterozygous state. Interpretation & Conclusion: The latest results may point to a correlation between MDD and the T allele of the C667T polymorphism in the 5-MTHFR gene and the C allele of the T1565C polymorphism in the ITGB3 gene.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2022.102076


Overlapping anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: a case report

BACKGROUNDING Background Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis can coexist with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. Positive NMDAR antibodies and aquaporin 4 immunoglobulin G-seropositive NMOSD are uncommon in patients with overlapping anti-NMDAR encephalitis, which are often associated with overlapping anti-NMDAR antibodies and aquaporin 4 immunoglobulin G seropositive NMOSD, but should not be dismissed. Case study This paper presents unusual case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis coexisting with NMOSD. In the CSF, NMDAR antibodies were positive. The serum was positive for AQP4-IgG antibodies. Conclusions This case provides more details about the occurrence of anti-NMDAR encephalitis overlapping NMOSD in a Chinese patient with AQP4-IgG-seropositive.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40001-022-00697-w


Modification of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) Membranes with DES-Functionalized Carbon Nanospheres for Removal of Methyl Orange by Membrane Distillation

Unfixed dyes are able to make their way to the water effluent, thereby raising the water pollution issue. In order to increase its hydrophobicity, this paper examines the incorporation of hydrophobic carbon nanospheres obtained from the pyrolysis of acetylene using the chemical vapor deposition process with poly. To determine the effectiveness of the new membrane for treatment of MO contaminated water, we used direct contact membrane distillation. With 22:78 wt. % of PVDF-co-HFP/N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone solution to make flat-sheet membranes, the phase inversion technique was used to embed various CNS contents. With salt rejection > 99. 9%, the membrane embedded with 5 wt. % CNS resulted in an increase in membrane hydrophobicity and a significant rise in DCMD penetration from 12 to 35 L/h. m.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/w14091396


Experimental Modeling Investigations on the Biosorption of Methyl Violet 2B Dye by the Brown Seaweed Cystoseira tamariscifolia

Methyl violet 2B dye is a common contaminant that can be harmful to both humans and aquatic microorganisms, and it should therefore be removed from water. The biosorption of methyl violet 2B dye onto the brown seaweed Cystoseira tamariscifolia biomass as a cost-effective low-cost biosorbent was investigated by varying biosorption parameters during the current research. The optimal biosorption conditions were found for a 7 g/L pH 6, a temperature of 45 °C, a 60-min contact time, and a 30 mg/L initial dye concentration. The process of dye biosorption, according to thermodynamic studies, was both random and endothermic. According to the Langmuir equation, the maximum biosorption capacity was 10. 0 mg/g. In addition, the pseudo-second-order reaction is prevalent, and chemical biosorption may be the rate-controlling stage in the biosorption process. C. tamariscifolia was found to be a water-soluble dye biosorbent from aqueous solutions, as a result.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14095285


Methanolysis of Poly(lactic Acid) Using Catalyst Mixtures and the Kinetics of Methyl Lactate Production

Polylactic acid is a leading bioplastic of which the market share is expected to increase in the future, with rising production capacity ensuring that end-of-life care is becoming more popular. When Zn 2 was paired with TBD or DMAP, or when Mg 2 was paired with TBD, there was an increase in reactivity. The highest reactivity was seen in Zn 2 and TBD. Out of the single catalyst reactions, Zn 2 exhibited the most high activity: a higher mol% was discovered to raise reaction rate, but plateaued at 4 mol%, and a higher equivalent of methanol was found to raise the reaction rate, but it remained stagnant at 17 equivalents. PLA methanolysis was modelled as a two-step reversible reaction, with Ea 1 = 25. 23 kJmol 1 and Ea -2 = 47. 93 kJmol 1 mol 1 mol.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14091763


Selenium, Sulfur, and Methyl Jasmonate Treatments Improve the Accumulation of Lutein and Glucosinolates in Kale Sprouts

According to Red Russian and Dwarf Green sprouts, the highest lutein accumulation occurred 7 days after S 120 mg/L and Se 40 mg/L treatments. When treated with MeJA 25 M, increases in both varieties were higher than 70% for most phenolic measurements, except for kaempferol and quercetin, where increases were greater than 70% for both varieties. According to the findings, kales treated with Se, S. , and MeJA can be used as a functional food for fresh consumption or as raw materials for various industrial applications.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091271


Metabolic Modifications in Terpenoid and Steroid Pathways Triggered by Methyl Jasmonate in Taxus × media Hairy Roots

Taxus spp. in vitro cultures One of the first plant in vitro systems, methyl jasmonate elicited the beneficial effects of elicitation of specific metabolites. The main aim of the current research is to investigate the effect of MeJA therapy on the steroid and triterpenoid content of two genetically different hairy root lines of Taxus media, KT, and ATMA. It is the first study to examine the evolution of the terpenoid biosynthetic pathway in Taxus hairy root cultures initiated by MeJA, which include steroids and triterpenoids.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091120


Microorganism-Templated Nanoarchitectonics of Hollow TiO 2 -SiO 2 Microspheres with Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity for Degradation of Methyl Orange

Hollow SiO 2 microspheres were synthesized by the hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate, according to the Stober process, in which Pichia pastoris GS 115 cells were used as biological templates. The TiO 2 -SiO 2 photocatalysts' physical and physicochemical characteristics were systematically described and discussed. The photocatalytic activity of methyl orange degradation at room temperature under Xe arc lamp operated as simulated sunlight was investigated.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12091606


Synthesis, Theoretical Calculation, and Biological Studies of Mono- and Diphenyltin(IV) Complexes of N -Methyl- N -hydroxyethyldithiocarbamate

The bonding around the Sn center in [2Sn2] was more asymmetric than the bonding around [Sn 2], according to DFT analyses, which revealed that the bonding around the Sn center in [2Sn2] was more asymmetric than the bonding around [Sn 2]. However, the Sn–S bonds in [Sn 2 ] were found to be more covalent than those in [2Sn2], but not in [2Sn2]. In addition, the charge density of the frontier orbitals showed that the Sn atom in the complexes is highly electrophilic, and the Sn atom in [2Sn2] has a lower atomic dipole moment than that of [Sn 2]. Nevertheless, the diphenyltin derivative [2Sn2] was found to have greater performance than its counterpart due to the number of phenyl rings attached to the Sn center's Sn center.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27092947

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions