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Mental Health - PLOS

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Last Updated: 15 November 2022

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Mental health among sexual and gender minorities: A Finnish population-based study of anxiety and depression discrepancies between individuals of diverse sexual orientations and gender minorities and the majority population

According to new scientific findings, people who identify with sexual and gender minorities are more anxious and depressed than heterosexual and cisgender people. We also investigated whether people who identify both a gender and a sexual group showed higher rates of anxiety and depression than those who identify with either a gender or a sexual group, as opposed to individuals who identify with either a gender or a sexual minority group. Individuals who belonged to either a gender or a national minority overall had significantly higher rates of anxiety and depression than cisgender and heterosexual individuals. We found no difference in anxiety and depression between single minority and double minority groups. The present study supports the fact that people with a racial or ethnic minority identity have higher rates of depression and anxiety in comparison to cisgender and heterosexual people, as well as stressing the need to address these issues both in the context of health care and in the larger society.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0276550


U.S. adolescents’ attitudes toward school, social connection, media use, and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: Differences as a function of gender identity and school context

The COVID-19 pandemic revolutionized educational contexts and social opportunities for adolescents around the world. In hybrid or virtual school contexts, adolescents did seem to use social media to foster social networking, but they also showed higher rates of problematic media use, suggesting that media use must be scrutinized more closely to better understand its potential as a safeguard mechanism for adolescents'u2019 social affiliation and mental wellbeing.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0276737


Mobile phone–based interventions for mental health show promise of effectiveness, but what does the evidence tell us about what needs to come next?

A systematic meta-analysis of 14 random controlled trials (u201d) shows that the current manuscript is a commentary on u201cMobile phone-u2013-based mental health services. Perhaps the most useful findings will be that existing syntheses of data analysis smartphone use indicate that these efforts are promising, but that more research is required to determine what types of interventions and mechanisms are most effective. Evidence syntheses will be useful as the field develops, but evidence syntheses should place a focus on smartphone treatments that are developed equal or use standards for rigorous evaluation while still allowing identification of services that may benefit those in need.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pdig.0000126


The effect of COVID-19 vaccination on the menstrual pattern and mental health of the medical students: A mixed-methods study from a low and middle-income country

The objective of this study: To investigate the students' perspective on this effect, rather than the researchers. Methods and methods: This mixed-method analysis was carried out on the medical and dental students of Peshawar's private and public sector schools from September 2021 to March 2022. The results of the menstrual symptom questionnaire, anxiety, and depression subtypes of HADS revealed a negative and statistically significant relationship with changes following COVID-19 vaccination change. Conclusion: The results of this research revealed the effect of the COVID-19 vaccine on women's menstrual patterns and subsequent mental health status. Although the majority of the students suffered post-COVID-19 vaccination symptoms and subsequent mental health difficulties, but these were temporary and self-limiting, owing to the vaccine's psychological consequences.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0277288


Cultivating capacities in community-based researchers in low-resource settings: Lessons from a participatory study on violence and mental health in Sri Lanka

64 community-based researchers supporting a mixed-methods research on youth, violence, and mental health in Sri Lanka submitted 63 reflective journal entries in three rounds of data collection, supporting a mixed-methods research. We used Attride-Stirlingu2019's method for thematic analysis to investigate peer researchers' knowledge about science, violence, and mental health; personal-professional boundaries; challenges in sensitive research; and examples of collaboration from the core team. The first research, which collected experiences of many community-based researchers, in Sri Lanka, seeks to inform the increasing number of global health and development actors relying on such expertise to provide insightful and emotionally challenging work in resource-limited and volatile environments. Both community-based and academic researchers' contributions to mutual learning, we find skill gaps and opportunities to foster respectful team dynamics and encourage sustainable and safe co-production projects for both sides of the field.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000899


In-school adolescents’ loneliness, social support, and suicidal ideation in sub-Saharan Africa: Leveraging Global School Health data to advance mental health focus in the region

Introduction: Adolescent and youth mental health issues are quickly emerging as a point of worry in global health. Despite technological advancements and population transition that the region is experiencing, young people in sub-Saharan Africa's sub-Saharan Africa face significant adversities and systemic difficulties. We investigated the relationship between experiences of loneliness, low social support, and the presence of suicidal thoughts among in-school youth in sub-Saharan Africa. Using Stata v16, a multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was later used to determine the relationship between suicidal ideation and the explanatory variables and covariates. Teenagers who felt lonely were more likely to experience suicidal ideation. However, those who received peer support and had one or more close friends were less likely to experience suicidal thoughts. Countries in sub-Saharan Africa must continue to develop child and adolescent mental health services and programs to address these risk factors and mental health challenges.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275660


Protecting mental health of young adults in COVID-19 pandemic: Roles of different structural and functional social supports

This report sought to determine the effects of various structural and social supports on depression, anxiety, and stress among young adults in Vietnam's young adults. To assess psychological stability, functional, and structural support characteristics, the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale, Perception and Stress Scale, as well as the LUBBEN Social Network Scale were used. Respondents who knew joys and sadness in their friendships were less likely to experience anxiety and tension. Also negatively related to depression, anxiety, and stress, having family involvement in decision-making was also detrimental to depression, anxiety, and stress. Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam, a high incidence of psychological disorders among young adults was found. Both emotional involvement from families and family assistance were two essential factors that could be considered in further attempts to treat young adults's psychological difficulties.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0276042


Victimization and witnessing of workplace bullying and physician-diagnosed physical and mental health and organizational outcomes: A cross-sectional study

Background: Compared to the numerous studies on workplace bullying survivors' mental health issues, there is little data on witnesses' psychological health and physical health of witnesses and witnesses. Therefore, the aim of this research was to investigate the correlation between bullying victimization and reporting on several physical and mental health indicators, workplace satisfaction, and job satisfaction. With the New Brief Job Stress Questionnaire and workplace results with the World Health Organization's Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, workplace bullying, psychological distress, physical injuries, and job satisfaction were analyzed. Multiple regression or Poisson regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between victimization/witnessing workplace bullying and health and organizational outcomes. Both victimization and witnessing workplace bullying were strongly linked to physical and mental health as well as various organizational outcomes, according to the study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0265863


Adolescent mothers and their children affected by HIV—An exploration of maternal mental health, and child cognitive development

Both maternal HIV status and maternal mental stability can influence child growth. An examination of maternal mental health, especially in the presence of maternal HIV infection, may be useful. This report explores the relationship between the mental health of adolescent mothers and their children's cognitive growth success scores. Additional risk factors for poor child growth are investigated to find those children born to adolescent mothers who may be at the highest risk of poor cognitive development. To investigate sample characteristics and child cognitive growth by maternal mental health status and combined maternal mental health and HIV status, Chi-square, t-tests, and ANOVA were used. After adjusting for covariates, maternal HIV was found to be correlated with reduced child gross motor scores, but no other correlations were established between maternal likely common mental disorder, or maternal HIV status, or child cognitive growth results. Higher posttraumatic stress symptomology scores were found in studies involving individual maternal mental health scales, resulting in lower child cognitive growth scores. Increased maternal education attainment was cited as a predictor of lower development scores, as well as increased child health, according to the same reports. Conclusions: This report investigates a significant evidence gap related to the discovery of potential risk factors for child growth in adolescent mothers affected by HIV.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275805


Work-related stressors and mental health among LGBTQ workers: Results from a cross-sectional survey

In two Canadian cities, sociodemographic data and characteristics of work, including degree of precarity, industry, and perceived workplace support for LGBTQ people, all have an effect on self-reported mental health. Compared to u2265, being unemployed in a non-standard job situation or being unemployed; being 35 years old; being in a non-traditional work environment; or being unemployed; earning $ 20,000/year; and using drugs to cope with work. Trans employees who suffer poorer mental stability in compared environments have greater emotional stability than cis-LGBQ workers in similar situations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275771

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions