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Meningitis - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 23 June 2022

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Effect of IL-10 in the pathogenesis of HIV/AIDS patients with cryptococcal meningitis

Patients were divided into four groups based on group A, group B, group C, and group D, which was determined to investigate the role of IL-10 in the pathogenesis of HIV/AIDS patients with cryptococytis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11010-022-04488-z


Gardnerella vaginalis purulent meningitis in an adolescent male: a case report

Overview We present a rare case of Gardnerella vaginalis in a young boy's cerebrospinal fluid. Case study The 14-year-old boy was admitted to hospital with headache, vomiting, cough, drowsiness, and positive meningeal irritation signs on examination. White blood cell and protein were elevated in the Cerebrospinal fluid, while glucose was low. However, G. vaginalis in his CSF is shown in his CSF by metagenomic next-generation sequencing. Purulent meningitis caused by Gardnerella vaginalis is extremely unusual.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-022-02733-y


Evaluation of GeneXpert EV assay for the rapid diagnosis of enteroviral meningitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

GeneXpert enterovirus Assay is a PCR-based assay for enterovirus meningitis diagnosis. However, there is currently no study into the effectiveness of GeneXpert enterovirus assay in the diagnosis of enterovirus meningitis. Only studies that could be reported in English, namely a comparison between GeneXpert enterovirus assay and RT-PCR, were included in a 2*2 table, and could be formulated in English. The influence of the GeneXpert enterovirus assay was determined by the Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Likelihood Ratio, Negative Likelihood Ratio, Diagnosis Odds Ratio, and a summary receiver operating characteristic curve. Both the Deeks' funnel test and Bivariate Box plot respectively measured publication bias and heterogeneity. Q*= 0. 9849, and SROC Curve, Area Under Curve, was 0. 9980, and under Curve. Conclusions The GeneXpert enterovirus assay demonstrated high diagnostic success in diagnosing enterovirus meningitis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12941-022-00517-3


Dacomitinib overcomes afatinib-refractory carcinomatous meningitis in a lung cancer patient harbouring EGFR Ex.19 deletion and G724S mutation; a case report

The EGFR-TKI's efficacy is predicted, not by which exon of the EGFR gene is changed, but by the underlying change in the EGFR protein as a result of the mutation. It has been reported that the EGFR-TKI gene is predicted, not by which exon of the EGFR gene is modified, but not by mutation mutation. We chose dacomitinib as the 14th line chemotherapy based on ex. 19 deletion and G724S mutation EGFR structure and its penetration rate to cerebral fluid, which has successfully extended her life by 6 months. Based on the structure, the most appropriate EGFR-TKI can be found by analyzing the EGFR compound mutation profile and predicting the effect based on the type.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10637-022-01264-0


Long-term neuro-functional disability in adult patients with community-acquired bacterial meningitis

Purpose: The aim is to investigate the prevalence of neuro-functional disease and its determinants 12 months after community-acquired bacterial meningitis in adult patients. The Glasgow Outcome Scale and the updated Rankin Disability Scale were used to assess 12 months of neuro-functional disability. Among the 281 patients, 84 patients, suffered from neuro-functional disability at 12 months, 79 with functional impairment and 51 with physical impairment. A pneumococcal meningitis outbreak, the presence of a physical impairment at hospital discharge, and the presence of behavioral disorders at hospitalizedischarge were all factors independently related to 12-month neuro-functional disability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s15010-022-01855-2


The cerebrospinal fluid neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is a sensitive biomarker for bacterial meningitis in children

In adult trials, the cerebrospinal fluid neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was reported as a diagnostic biomarker of bacterial meningitis. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the CSF NLR as a diagnostic biomarker of bacterial meningitis in children and to establish a healthy CSF NLR concentration. In cerebrospinal fluid, the ratio of neutrophil count to lymphocyte number was calculated. CSF values from children with infectious meningitis were determined by scientists who subdivided them into bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis, according to the authors. Gram-negative bacterial infections were significantly higher in bacterial meningitis than in viral meningitis, and the prevalence was higher in Gram-negative bacterial infections than in Gram-positive bacterial infections. Although CSF NLR has greater sensitivity and specificity for bacterial meningitis, at a cutoff value of 0. 68, the increased incidence of CSF NLR could be due to Gram-negative bacterial infection.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-022-05501-y


One-Year Sequelae and Quality of Life in Adults with Meningococcal Meningitis: Lessons from the COMBAT Multicentre Prospective Study

Introduction COMBAT is a prospective, multicentre cohort research that recruited consecutive adults with community-acquired bacterial meningitis in 69 participating centers in France between February 2013 and July 2015 and followed them for 1 year. Here we discuss the prevalence of sequelae in a subgroup of patients with meningococy meningitis. Patients with meningococcal meningitis died during initial hospitalization, and two died after discharge and 12 months, leaving 104 patients alive 1 year after enrollment, 71 of whom had 12-month follow-up data. On the SF-12 Health Survey, nearly half and 30% of the French general population's physical component or mental component had lower scores than the 25th percentile. Patientsu2019 disability ratings from hospital discharge to 12 months showed a non-significant rise in the patients'u2019 disability scores, but approximately 10% of the patients had persistent disability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12325-022-02149-7


Combined Bacterial Meningitis and Infective Endocarditis: When Should We Search for the Other When Either One is Diagnosed?

Methods We combined two large prospective cohorts, an IE cohort, and a BM cohort, with only cases of clinical IE and community-acquired meningitis. Patients with IE and BM concurrently to those with IE and BM only, and BM only. We compared patients with IE and BM to patients with IE and BM. Among the 1030 patients included in the study, we found 42 patients with IEu2013BM. u2013BM is a child of the United Kingdom. Patients with IE-u2013BM were mainly similar to those of patients with IE, but meningitis was the most common presentation at admissions. Patients with IEu2013BM were 28. 6% in patients with IEu2013BM, 20. 5% in patients with IE, and 16. 6% in patients with BM, respectively. BM should be investigated by patients with pneumococcal IE or changed mental status during IE. Patients with S. aureus, oral or group D streptococcal BM, or unfavorable result in pneumococcal meningitis may benefit from an echocardiography. Patients with the dual infection have the worst prognosis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40121-022-00651-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions