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Measurement - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 22 September 2022

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Elucidating the false positive tendency at AOAC 998.12 C-4 sugar test for pine honey samples: Modified sample preparation method for accurate δ13C measurement of honey proteome

The overwhelming percentage of authentic pine honey samples failed from the C-4% sugar test. Pine honey is mainly identified by small-sized insoluble honeydew elements, and they can produce an appreciable amount of precipitate during protein flocculation. These products may cause the protein-centric u03b9/u00b9>u00b9u00b3C values to be inaccurate. Authentic honeys were tested along with adulterated samples using both AOAC 998. 12 and novel protocol. Incorrect protein measurements have been shown to cause false optimism.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607838080


Blood pressure response to close or loose contact between physician and patient during attended office blood pressure measurement.

Purpose : Compared to unattended office blood pressure, the incidence of attending office blood pressure is higher. However, it is not clear how much distance between physician and patient influences blood pressure values. Automated office BP was measured three times after a pre-set five-minute pause using the Omron 907 unit during a session; both aOBP and uOBP were done in a random order in a random order during a session. During aOBP, some participants were in close proximity with the physician, while others were in close communication with the doctor, who was in loose contact where the doctor was sitting in the room about 2. 5 m apart. AOBP with close contact was up by 4. 6 mmHg, 2. 6 mmHg, although aOBP with loose contact was not different from uOBP. During aOBP, the peak rise during uOBP was of similar magnitude as before, but it lasted shorter: it hit the significance level of p 0. 0001 only during the first uOBP analysis.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35903890


Patient-centered quality measurement for opioid use disorder: Development of a taxonomy to address gaps in research and practice.

Treatment recommendations call for high-quality, patient-centered care that meets individual preferences and needs, but it is unclear if current quality measures address individual preferences and needs, and whether measures of patient-centered OUD care are supported by evidence. Methods : We conducted an environmental survey of OUD care quality to determine patient-centeredness in current OUD quality measures endorsed by national agencies and national OUD treatment guidelines; and a systematic review of patient-centered care in OUD diagnosis and management, highlighting gaps in current recommendations, success results, and quality measures. We then syntherated these findings to create a new quality measurement tool that incorporates patient-centered aspects of care and identifies priority areas for future research and quality measure design.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35849749


Redesigning blood pressure measurement training in healthcare schools.

Blood pressure testing is the most commonly used procedure in clinical practice, and it requires the acquisition of several skills. According to a previous report, medical school students failed to execute more than half of the BP measurement skills properly, indicating a need to reform how BP measurement is taught. The American Medical Association set out to produce and try a solution to the BP measurement deficit. A small pilot experiment was conducted before launch to see if these new eLearning modules fill existing BS measurement curricula. Our findings show that eLearning modules on BP measurement will help increase knowledge and ability to determine correct BP measurement skills. Overall, the results showed the importance of pilot testing a product prior to launch, and although some skills will increase with an eLearning approach, certain skills will still require additional in-person training with peers.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35796417


High blood pressure screening in pharmacies during May Measurement Month campaigns in Switzerland.

The International Society of Hypertension and the World Hypertension Society have partnered on a worldwide screening program for arterial hypertension based in the International Society of Hypertension and the World Hypertension League, which is also known as the World Hypertension Association and the World Hypertension League. MMM17 to MMM19 campaigns' data were extracted from the international MMM database's database, according to the MMM17 to MMM19 campaign's material and methods. Results From an initial sample of 3634 Swiss participants in this three-year campaign, 2567 people included, HT prevalence in pharmacies is high, with only 23% of treated hypertensive patients and uncontrolled treated patients, who may not have had access to BP measurements.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35699311


Number of measurement days needed for obtaining a reliable estimate of home blood pressure and hypertension status.

Current guidelines on the practice of home blood pressure monitoring vary. Using the European guideline-based 7-day HBPM protocol as a reference, we aimed to determine the number of blood pressure measurement days required for a reliable estimation of true home BP and hypertension status. Using a random intercept per person and correlated residuals, the variability of average BP for an increasing number of measurements was determined. In the morning, Systolic BP in the morning was marginally smaller than systolic BP in the evening. The average of 7 twice-daily MAM BP results was at most 5. 2 mm Hg and 9. 5/4. 8 mm Hg lower than the true home BP for 95% of the participants. MAM BP results for three days in a row show a reliable estimate of home BP.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35574599


Validation of an automated measurement method for determination of the ankle-brachial index.

Equipment that could automatically identify ABI can help with LEAD detection in a variety of health services. As compared to manual reference ABI measurement in patients with and without LEAD, we wanted to determine the measurement characteristics of an automated oscillometric ABI measurement device. Manual and automatic ABI measurements were performed on a vascular surgery clinic, affecting a total of 153 patients with and without LEAD. According to PPV and NPV, the automated ABI device was 77% and 67%, respectively, while NPV and NPV were 72 and 71%. Lower ABI values and overestimated higher ABI values were shown in Bland-Altman plots, which revealed proportional bias and a tendency by the automated device to overestimate lower ABI values and underestimate higher ABI values. Automated and manual ABI recordings were found within the expected ABI range. The ABPI MD00ae device's performance was unfavorable, according to the ABPI MD 0050ae. Our results do not point to the use of this automated ABI measurement system in clinical practice.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35499295


Primary, secondary and compensated male biochemical hypogonadism in people living with HIV (PLWH): relevance of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) measurement and comparison between liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and chemiluminescent immunoassay for sex steroids assay.

Background: The only data on hypogonadism and estrogen deficiency in males living with HIV is scanty. Both for TT or cFT TT, the prevalence of biochemical hypogonadism was higher with LC-MS/MS than CI. Hypogonadal patients were 30. 0% and 15. 5% in eugonadal, with 30. 0% in hypogonadal patients and 15. 5% in eugonadal. Both for TT and cFT, respectively, highlighted the incidence of male hypogonadism results in CI as compared to LC-MS/MS in PLWH. For detecting T deficiency, SHBG and gonadotropins are both required.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35318882

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions