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Malnutrition - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 25 September 2022

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Indigenous Non-invasive Detection of Malnutrition-Induced Anemia from Patient-Sourced Photos Using Smart Phone App

The proven online-based malnutrition-induced anemia detection smart phone app is designed to remotely measure and monitor human anemia and hunger by using a noninvasive technique. With precise and accurate measurements immediately available, this smart phone app extracts the color and shape of the fingernails and will classify the anemic and vitamin B12 deficiencies as they appear, medieval, and chronic.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-0095-2_41


Study of Malnutrition in Children Under Five in Peru Using the Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis

This report examines the spatial pattern that followed the incidence of hunger in children under the age of 5 years who were registered in the Ministry of Health of Peru in 2017. In 2017, the findings revealed that hunger in children under the age of 5 years was non-homogeneously distributed throughout Peru. In the case of the boys, it was in Piura, Loreto, and Ucayali, and Ucayali; the boxplot discovered that a greater number of malnutrition cases in girls under five years was present in Piura, Loreto, and Ucayali; and in the case of the girls, it was in Piura, Cajamarca and Ucayali.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-04435-9_32


Low Levels of Serum Zinc Associate with Malnutrition Risk Assessed by the Royal Free Hospital-Nutritional Prioritizing Tool in Cirrhosis

Patients with cirrhosis are generally overweight, according to We've reported that the Royal Free Hospital-Nutritional Prioritizing Tool's malnutrition risk is high in patients with cirrhosis. Multivariate logistic regression model determined the association of trace element prevalences with elevated malnutrition risk. For a total of six trace element concentrations, 141 patients with decompensated cirrhosis were tested for a total of six trace element concentrations. When compared to low/moderate controls, serum zinc levels were significantly reduced in patients at elevated risk of acute malnutrition risk. Patients in the group with zinc 64 u03bcg/dL had elevated RFH and MELD scores, a higher proportion of Child-upright class C and ascites, elevated CRP, lower albumin, and sodium, than in the group with zinc 64 bcg/dL. Poorly nutrient status in cirrhosis were linked to lower serum zinc levels in a less than 64 u03bcg/dL.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-021-03033-1


Protein-energy malnutrition worsens hospitalization outcomes of patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy

To determine the effect of protein-energy malnutrition in patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy, it should be assessed. During 2012-u20132014, we conducted a retrospective observational cohort study and identified patients u2265 18 years old with pancreatic cancer who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy within the National inpatient sample database. Patients with protein-energy malnutrition were found to have a significant mortality risk, longer hospital stays, and higher total hospital expenditures than those without protein-energy malnutrition. An increasing prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition, a decreasing trend in mortality and length of stay, as well as a relatively stable total hospital cost in the protein-energy malnutrition segment showed an increasing prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition from 2009 to 2012. Higher mortality, longer hospital stay, and higher hospital cost in pancreatic cancer patients undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy were found to be correlated with increased frequency of various systemic problems.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13304-022-01293-7


Impact of malnutrition as defined by the global leadership initiative on malnutrition criteria on the long-term prognosis in older patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy

Purpose This report looked at whether or not the effect of hunger, as defined by the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition criteria, on long-term prognosis after gastrectomy was different between older and younger patients with advanced gastric cancer. Methods This research included patients with primary stage I-u2013III gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between April 2008 and June 2018. According to the GLIM guidelines on the body mass index and body weight loss, patients were divided into normal, moderate, and extreme hunger groups.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-022-02594-5


Malnutrition and inflammatory parameters in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3–5 from northern India

History Malnutrition is extremely common in chronic kidney disease. This research was conducted to find out the prevalence of hunger and its relationship with inflammation in patients with CKD stage 3 to 20135. In 91 percent of patients with hunger, TSFT was u2264 10 mm. Median eGFR was 11. 9 ml/min/1. 73 m2 in the malnourished group, compared to 24. 2 ml/min/1. 73 m2 in the well-nourished group; p 0. 001. In the malnourished group, the serum ferritin level was 246. 77 u00b1 18. 24 mg/L, higher than the well-nourished group's at 237. 23 mg/L; p 0. 001. CRP was elevated in 53. 5% patients of malnutrition in 53. 5% of patients with hunger; p 0. 003. Conclusions Malnutrition is extremely common in the CKD population. The TSFT u2264 10 mm compares favorably with SGA in detecting hunger, while BMI > 20 kg/m 2 compares favorably with SGA in ruling out malnutrition.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43162-022-00149-1


Influence of a quality improvement intervention on rehabilitation outcomes of children (6–24 months) with acute malnutrition: a retrospective study in rural Angola

Background Defaulting is the most common cause of Community Management of Acute Malnutrition Program failure. The present research was conducted to determine whether logistics reorganization and a change in the course of the follow-up of children aged 6 to 24 months of acute malnutrition would reduce the default, relapse and readmission rate, and increase the recovery rate. Methods Detailed report by Retrospective observational study on the effect of quality improvement interventions on children with acute hunger for children with acute malnutrition, admitted at the Catholic Mission Hospital of Chiulo from January 2018 to February 2020. The recovery rate in OPD and 88% in NRU was 69% in OPD and 88% in NRU. Conclusions The present study supports the belief that an improvement in quality of care can positively influence the rehabilitation outcomes of malnourished children. To improve rehabilitation services' efficiency, rehabilitation services need further research to determine children at risk of poor adherence to follow-up visits.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-022-03585-8


Evaluation of Nutritional Characteristics Reveals Similar Prevalence of Malnutrition in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease

Aims: To determine hunger, we need to know the nutritional status of patients with IBD and determine the threshold values of various aspects of nutritional assessment to determine malnutrition. Methods This was a single-centre cross-sectional review of adult patients with IBD [ulcerative colitis and Crohnu2019s disease] who underwent anthropometry [body mass index, midarm circumference, and triceps-fold thickness], body composition analysis, and skeletal muscle index at L3 vertebral level]. Patients with IBD had lower BMI, MUAC, TSF thickness, lean mass, handgrip strength, and SMI at L3 vertebral level than controls, according to the table below. Both sensitive and specific to detect hunger, Thresholds for fat mass in females 15. 8 kg and males 0. 26 percent were both sensitive and specific to detect hunger. Conclusions Malnutrition and sarcopenia were both common in IBD patients, with the incidence being similar in patients with both UC and CD.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-022-07652-z


Pathways and approaches for scaling-up of community-based management of acute malnutrition programs through the lens of complex adaptive systems in South Sudan

The research sought to find pathway and approaches for horizontal and vertical expansion of CMAM programs in South Sudan. Methods The survey was conducted in South Sudan between August and September 2021 using an online qualitative poll of 31 respondents from policy and implementation companies. Dietetic supplements are not included in the government's essential drug list, and there is little or no budgetary allocation for nutrition services in national budgets and fiscal policies. Conclusion: Addressing the scalability of CMAM programs in South Sudan requires a delicate balancing act that prioritizes both horizontal and vertical scalability. Increase policy commitment to hunger and associated budgetary allocation, emphasise local resource mobilization, and ensure financial stability of integrating CMAM services into the existing health and welfare system are all required.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-022-00934-y

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions