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Malnutrition - PubMed

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Last Updated: 25 September 2022

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Understanding malnutrition management through a socioecological lens: Evaluation of a community-based child malnutrition program in rural Uganda.

Almost half of children under the age of 5 in Uganda die from hunger. Children undernutrition are often complicated, and solutions to combat hunger must be multifaceted. The aim of this research was to determine the determinants of outpatient hunger management in a CMAM program in rural Uganda, using the socioeconomic model to analyze the multilevel determinants of outpatient malnutrition management. Through observations and interviews with caregivers of malnourished children, data were collected at a community health clinic in 2019 through observations and interviews with malnourished children. Caring for their children is primarily limited by poverty and gender inequity. According to the results, CMAM programs will profit from providing holistic solutions to tackle the physical barriers to children's care. In poor and middle-income countries, using a socioecological approach to program evaluation could help move beyond individual determinants to address malnutrition management's social dynamics.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.14032


Small and Medium Enterprises' Perspectives on Food Fortification Amid the Growing Burden of Malnutrition.

Food fortification has been acclaimed as a cost-effective way to combat micronutrient deficiencies. Small and medium enterprises play a significant part in the food chain in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for over 80% of total food production. As a potential solution to combating all forms of hunger, it is therefore imperative to provide an enabling environment to enable SMEs' participation in food fortification schemes. In addition, it features a new public-private partnership case study to show how SMEs can combat the growing burden of hunger by food fortification techniques, nutrient profiling methods, and demand generation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14183837


Evaluation of School Children Nutritional Status in Ecuador Using Nutrimetry: A Proposal of an Education Protocol to Address the Determinants of Malnutrition.

The education system is a pillar in the battle against hunger in children. However, there are still no single consolidated protocols outlining how nutrition services in low- and middle-income countries can be delivered by the education sector, although there are still no standardized protocols exist. The right community diagnosis is required prior to the development of an intervention plan for a school population that takes into account more than simple demographic characteristics related to dietary status. The study involved a total of 574 boys and girls aged 3-11 years from three educational institutions in three municipalities in Ecuador's three municipalities. We primarily focused on creating partnerships with the education sector and considering gender equality; respect for the planet; and each community's customs, values, and traditions in order to raise the nutritional status of children.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14183686


Diagnosis of Malnutrition According to GLIM Criteria Predicts Complications and 6-Month Survival in Cancer Outpatients.

We wanted to see the success of these new guidelines for the prediction of complications and mortality in patients with cancer. Patients with malnutrition had a three-fold increased risk of hospital admission and the occurrence of severe infection during the 6-month follow-ups. In the same way, malnourished patients had a 3. 5-fold increased risk of poor pain control and a 4. 4-fold increase in opioid use. They also had a 2. 6-fold elevated risk of toxicity and a 2. 5-fold greater risk of needing a dose reduction or discontinuation of cancer therapy. The 6-month survival of malnourished patients was much lower than that of non-malnourished patients. Conclusions: According to the GLIM guidelines in oncology patients undergoing active therapy, complications and worse survival at 6-month follow-ups have been anticipated and may have become more problematic, as a useful tool for determining the nutritional status of oncology patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10092201


The Role of the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS), Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratios in Malnutrition Prediction of Hospitalized Children.

Malnutrition in hospitalized children is a significant problem with occasionally harmful consequences. We investigated the use of PYMS as a common screening device for pediatric inpatients in this retrospective review of pediatric patients aged one to six years old, who were hospitalized in the children's cantonal hospital of Aarau, Switzerland, to see how this screening method for malnutrition in pediatric inpatients. PYMS increased PYMS scores because of greater NLR and PLR values. Our findings point to a promising use of PLR as a predictor of moderate to severe hunger in hospitalized children.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/children9091378


Bal Poshan Yojana: A Novel Approach to Facility-Based Severe Acute Malnutrition Management.

Project Tushti, a public-private partnership scheme that seeks to improve the treatment of SAM children by involving the government body, private consultants, and implementation bodies, with the aim of creating a sustainable eco-system. Methods Bal Poshan Yojana is a new step in Gujarat's Devbhumi Dwarka district for the administration of SAM under a PPP scheme. Children with medical disorders were tested by the Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram medical team's anthropometric measurements and appetite tests. Children were hospitalized for 14 days at the Bal Poshan Centre as per the National Rehabilitation Centre's protocol, and then released if the children met the conditions. Around 60. 7 percent of SAM children were found to be healthy in terms of diet, according to a study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.28124


Effect of milk protein hydrolysate supplementation on protein energy malnutrition-induced gut dysbiosis.

Dairy proteins in the diet are helpful in probiotic growth; however, it is unknown what the gut-mediated immune responses under protein energy deficiency and if dairy protein hydrolysates can be as beneficial as diet interventions; however, it's unclear is whether dairy protein hydrolysates can be as effective as dietary interventions. This report compares the composition of rats with moderate protein deficiency and severe protein deficiency caused by feeding 5% and 1% hypoprotein diets, as well as replenishment with buffalo and whey protein hydrolysates. Firmicutes in M. PEM and S. PEM rats decreased in M. PEM and S. PEM rats, but the number of Firmicutes decreased in M. PEM and S. PEM rats, but protein supply for all three protein sources at the end of nine weeks increased. Bacteroidetes were up to 31. 0 percent in S. PEM-induced rats relative to 28. 9% in control rats. M. PEM and S. PEM rats were reduced in M. PEM and S. PEM rats, but it had the opposite effect on protein replenishment.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1039/d2fo00714b


Prevention of malnutrition and faltering growth in children and young people.

Malnutrition can be characterized as a condition in which a deficiency of vitamins, protein, vitamins, and minerals causes significant adverse effects on body composition, function, or clinical outcomes. ' The inability of growing at a healthy rate for age has stifled that weight gain, linear, and brain growth at a slow pace for age, which is a known result of inadequate diet. The article also discusses several prevention techniques and the role of the nurse in the prevention of hunger.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.7748/ncyp.2022.e1436


Malnutrition among under-five children in Democratic Republic of the Congo: A plague of the health system.

Malnutrition in children has been recognized as a significant public health issue worldwide, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which directly contributes to the rise in mortality and morbidity in this still vulnerable population. The Democratic Republic of Congo is a country beset by repeated conflicts between different local militia groups and instability in the administration of political affairs. Although it is a significant public health issue, the inadequacy of the scheme in question contributes to the disparities in health care and consequently in the absence of growth monitoring of very young children under the age of 5 years old. Despite being a significant public health issue, the inadequacy of the procedure plays a significant role in the rise of health care inequity, contributing to a significant public health issue and, therefore, the lack of growth monitoring of very young children under 5 years old Malnutrition remains a significant public health issue in low-income countries, as shown in several World Health Organization reports.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2022.104260


Effects of Exercise Therapy and Nutrition Therapy on Patients with Possible Malnutrition and Sarcopenia in a Recovery Rehabilitation Ward.

We compared the effects of an exercise intervention with that of exercise combined with nutrition therapy in patients with suspected hunger and sarcopenia who were admitted to a recovery rehabilitation center, and we investigated the patients' physical appearance and daily activities. Patients with potential hunger and/or sarcopenia are likely to suffer from sarcopenia, and/or sarcopenia, as our results show that diet therapy in addition to exercise therapy has the effect of improving physical stability in such patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.18926/AMO/63901

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions