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Malnutrition - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 25 September 2022

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Reprint of: Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Malnutrition (Undernutrition) Screening Tools for All Adults.

Malnutrition testing is a simple method that can quickly identify individuals with a malnutrition diagnosis. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics reviewed the body of evidence backed up malnutrition screening methods and found a single device for identifying adults in all settings of malnutrition risk, regardless of their age or medical history. The Nutrition Screening for Adults Workgroup carried out a systematic review of the most reliable reports to promote the use of the highest-quality malnutrition screening device that was available.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36122959


Bal Poshan Yojana: A Novel Approach to Facility-Based Severe Acute Malnutrition Management

Project Tushti, a public-private partnership scheme that aims to improve the medical framework for SAM children by involving the government agency, private consultants, and implementing bodies, with the intention of creating a sustainable eco-system. Methods Bal Poshan Yojana is a new step taken in Gujarat's Devbhumi Dwarka district for the administration of SAM under a PPP scheme for the first time. Children with medical problems were tested by the Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram medical team's anthropometric measurements and appetite tests. Children were hospitalized for 14 days at the Bal Poshan Centre as per the National Rehabilitation Centre's policy and then discharged if the children met the requirements. Around 60. 7 percent of SAM children were found to be healthy in their diet, which was surprising.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9481966


Impact of malnutrition as defined by the global leadership initiative on malnutrition criteria on the long-term prognosis in older patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy.

Purpose This report looked at whether or not the effects of hunger, as defined by the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition criteria, on the long-term prognosis after gastrectomy was different between elderly and young patients with advanced gastric cancer. Methods This report included patients with primary stage I-III gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between April 2008 and June 2018. Modemurition [hazard ratio 1. 793, P = 0. 028], and severe hunger among the older cohorts were independent prognostic factors, but not in the younger group.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36131158


Comparison of the GLIM criteria with specific screening tool for diagnosing malnutrition in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis: a descriptive cross-sectional study.

Background The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition has been developed to diagnose hunger, but the presence of cirrhosis in patients with cirrhosis remains elusive. To determine the frequency of malnourished patients with cirrhosis, we used a combination of phenotypic and etiologic measurements and distinct BMI cutoffs. Conclusions Totally, 363 patients were recruited with a median age of 64 years and 52 percent female, with a median age of 64 years and 52% female. According to GLIM guidelines, the incidence of hunger was both under and without RFH-NPT screening was 33. 3% and 36. 4%, respectively. Low BMI and inflammation were the most common combination that resulted in the malnutrition diagnosis, followed by low BMI and reduced food intake. In addition, the prevalence of malnourished and well-nourished participants in the study population was not statistically different because of divergent BMI reference values. Conclusions GLIM criteria can be used alongside RFH-NPT testing to determine hunger.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36128998


Prevalence and impact of malnutrition on readmission among hospitalized patients with heart failure in China.

Aims Malnutrition is common in patients with heart failure and is attributed to reduced quality of life and higher mortality; however, an efficient screening device for diabetes and its effect on the readmission of patients with HF is uncertain. Our goals were to investigate the nutritional status of Chinese hospitalized patients with HF and its effect on readmission, as well as the validity of seven malnutrition screening methods. With a C-statistic of 0. 680, the first generation of several nutritional screening devices improved the base model's results over the base model, which provided a base model for predicting readmission. Patients with hunger were at a twofold greater risk of readmission. Conclusions We found that the prevalence of hunger among hospitalized patients with HF in China is very high, and that hunger greatly raises the risk of readmission in these patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36125306


Effect of milk protein hydrolysate supplementation on protein energy malnutrition-induced gut dysbiosis.

Dairy proteins in the diet are helpful to probiotic growth, while food digestion and the use of dairy protein hydrolysates are not yet understood; however, it is unclear if animal protein hydrolysates can be as effective as dietary interventions. This study compares the composition of rats with moderate protein deficiency and severe protein deficiency due to feeding 5% and 1% hypoprotein diets, as well as replenishment with buffalo and whey protein hydrolysates. Firmicutes decreased in M. PEM and S. PEM rats in M. PEM and S. PEM rats, but it increased on protein replenishment for all three protein sources at the end of nine weeks. Bacteroidetes was up to 31. 03% in S. PEM-induced rats compared to 28. 1 percent in control rats. Lactobacillus sp. 's sporetic abundance is found in a small amount. sp. M. PEM and S. PEM rats were reduced in M. PEM and S. PEM rats, but it had the opposite effect on protein replenishment.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36125286


Prevention of malnutrition and faltering growth in children and young people.

Malnutrition can be characterized as 'a state in which a deficiency of nutrients such as energy, protein, vitamins, and minerals causes tangible adverse effects on body composition, function, or clinical outcomes. ' The inability to achieve the predicted weight gain, linear, and brain growth at a moderate rate for age is a known result of inadequate diet. The article also discusses some prevention techniques and the role of the nurse in the prevention of hunger.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36124701


Bioequivalence of micronutrient powders to Corn-soy Blend on serum zinc concentration of children (6-36 months) with Moderate Acute Malnutrition in Thika urban slums, Kenya: A cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Micronutrient powders that are added at the point of consumption may have a role in boosting micronutrient status, but scientific evidence on improving the zinc status is lacking. In Thika informal settlements, Kenya, a cluster-randomized clinical trial was designed to establish equival of MNPs to the CSB on serum zinc status among children with MAM. Several experimental groups received different MNP formulations added to unfortified CSB porridge, including zinc and zinc; several micronutrients without zinc and zinc only; and several micronutrients without zinc and zinc only; three experimental groups received different formulations of MNPs; several experimental groups were sent different formulations of MNPs; three experimental groups received different formulations of zinc, several micronutrients without zinc and zinc; and several micronutrients without zinc and zinc only Multiple micronutrients were added to a standard CSB fortified by the Control group, which was filled with multiple micronutrients. To model pre-post change in serum zinc concentration, using mixed effects linear regression adjusted for clustering effect and baseline differences, was used. paraphrasedL compared to the control group. Mean increase in serum zinc concentration was noticeably higher in CSB-MNP-A u03bcg/dL compared to the control group. MNPs are more effective in boosting serum zinc levels than CSB.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36121865


Drivers and distribution of the household-level double burden of malnutrition in Bangladesh: analysis of mother-child dyads from a national household survey.

In several low- and middle-income countries, the double burden of hunger has become a common public health issue. Design The study used data from the latest Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2017-18 to gather data. Results The overall prevalence of the DBM in Bangladesh was around 21%, with the prevalence of overweight mother/wasted child/underweight child and underweight mother/weight overweight infant/overweight child/underweight child, and underweight mother & overweight child were 13. 35% and 7. 69 percent respectively, with a higher prevalence among urban households. For OWM & OWC dyads, Concentration Index - 0. 298, high inequality was found among UWM & OWC dyads, concentration Index = -0. 2998, although poor levels of DBM were present for OWM & SC, OWM & WC, and OWM & UWC dyads. Conclusions: DBM advocates, concerned officials, and various stakeholders should highlight the presence of DBM issues and take appropriate steps aimed at identifying and addressing Bangladesh's double burden of hunger.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36111605


Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Background The current diet regime may include prescribed oral nutritional supplements; however, it is unclear if these supplements are safe in people who are older and frail. Methods This systematic review and meta-analysis was used from inception to September 21, 2021, to find studies examining the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ONS in frail older people who are hungry or at risk of malnutrition. The quality of the included cost-effectiveness study was determined using version 1. 0 of the Cochrane risk of bias device for randomised controlled trials, and the BMJ Drummond checklist was used to assess the quality of the included cost-effectiveness report. Interpretation The work was not clear that ONS reduces hunger or its related adverse outcomes in elderly people who are frail, according to the authors. The National Institute of Health and Care Research has funded this study.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36116457

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions