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Malnutrition - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 25 September 2022

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Dietary diversity, food insecurity and the double burden of malnutrition among children, adolescents and adults in South Africa: Findings from a national survey

We investigated the relationships between five food security indicators and anthropometry findings. The indicators were adult and child hunger in the household, self-reported household food insufficiency, food expenditure > 60% of monthly income, and household dietary diversity. Results of the research were mixed with adult BMI categories and children's stunting and obesity, respectively. Children aged 5 and adolescents with moderate dietary diversity were significantly more likely to be stunted than children with greater dietary variety than children with higher dietary diversity. None of the food safety indicators were associated with stunting in children under the age of 5 u20139. Expanding dietary variety among children and adolescents raised the risk of overweight and obesity among adults, but the connection between dietary diversity and adult obesity is more complex.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.948090


A Comparative Study between the Three Waves of the Pandemic on the Prevalence of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia and Malnutrition among Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19

BACKGROUND: The phenotype of patients affected by COVID-19 disease varies during the pandemic's waves. We investigated the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia, hunger, and mortality in the first three waves of COVID-19 patients in a general hospital. OD was collected with the volume-viscosity swallowing test, and nutritional analysis was carried out in accordance with GLIM guidelines. Results: We had 205 patients in the 1st, 200 in the 2nd, and 200 in the 3rd wave, and 200 in the 3rd wave. Conclusions: Preval of OD, MN, and mortality among COVID-19 patients was extremely high.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14183826


Small and Medium Enterprises’ Perspectives on Food Fortification Amid the Growing Burden of Malnutrition

There has never been a greater need for a fundamental food system overhaul. Food fortification has been marketed as a cost-effective way to address micronutrient deficiencies. Small and medium enterprises play a key role in the food supply chain in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for over 80% of food sales. This report highlights SMEs' importance as agents of change in the food industry through food fortification techniques and their indirect yet important role in manufacturing nutritious, tasty, and affordable foods.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14183837


Evaluation of School Children Nutritional Status in Ecuador Using Nutrimetry: A Proposal of an Education Protocol to Address the Determinants of Malnutrition

The education system is a determining factor in the fight against hunger in children. However, there are currently no consolidated protocols that lay out rules for how nutrition services in low- and middle-income countries can be delivered through the education sector. Establishing the correct community diagnosis is crucial prior to the elaboration of an intervention strategy for a school population that takes into account more than simple demographic information related to the nutritional status. The findings from other variables' analysis revealed the relevance of an appropriate diagnosis before any type of intervention at the nutritional level, since the conditions can vary by local area and have an effect on the intervention's success.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14183686


Protein Catabolism and the Dysregulation of Energy Intake-Related Hormones May Play a Major Role in the Worsening of Malnutrition in Hospitalized Cirrhotic Patients

In a cohort of hospitalized cirrhotic patients, we conducted our observational study to determine protein levels and energy intake-related hormone levels. In a subgroup of 16 patients and ten healthy controls, circulating ghrelin and leptin levels were investigated. Compared to healthy controls, cirrhotic patients had lower blood pressures of both ghrelin and leptin. Hospitalized cirrhotic patients in the onset and/or deterioration of hunger, as shown by the onset and/or the deterioration of hunger.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/livers2030014


A Nutritionally Complete Oral Nutritional Supplement Powder Improved Nutritional Outcomes in Free-Living Adults at Risk of Malnutrition: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Background: This randomized controlled trial examined the effect of an oral nutritional supplement on diet-related outcomes in Chinese adults with or at risk of malnutrition for more than 12 weeks. 88 Chinese adults aging in Hong Kong for 88 years were randomly assigned to 2 servings/day of nutritionally complete ONS powder made with water for 12 weeks or no treatment. BW values in the intervention group were significantly higher than the control group's.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811354


Are We Identifying Malnutrition in Hospitalized Patients with Hematologic Malignancies? Results from a Quality Clinical Audit

Patients with hematologic malignancies are particularly affected by disease-related malnutrition. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of DRM in hospitalized patients with hematologic malignancies and investigate the prevalence of DRM among the medical team treating this group of patients. In two hematology units of a tertiary university hospital, a cross-sectional quality clinical audit took place. During the past five days, forty-nine patients reported reduced food intake in the last five days, with four others reporting no food intake. Low levels of awareness of the early detection and treatment of DMS were found in the United States. In addition, the prevalence of DRM and low nutritional intake was found to be low. To ensure effective administration and early nutrition intervention in hematological patients, steps to raise the awareness of DMR in the medical team and improved coordination of the nutrition support teams are vital.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases10030040


The Role of the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS), Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratios in Malnutrition Prediction of Hospitalized Children

We investigated the use of PYMS as a common screening device for pediatric inpatients, using a retrospective review of pediatric patients aged one to sixteen years old who were hospitalized in Aarau, Switzerland, in this systematic review of pediatric patients aged one to sixteen years old. In addition, we investigated the links between PYMS and NLR and PLR, which are two new biomarkers. PYMS increased results were shown by greater NLR and PLR values, which were strongly linked to increased PYMS. Our findings point to the promising value of PLR as a predictor of moderate to severe hunger in hospitalized infants.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/children9091378


Diagnosis of Malnutrition According to GLIM Criteria Predicts Complications and 6-Month Survival in Cancer Outpatients

We wanted to find out if these new guidelines for the prevention of complications and mortality in patients with cancer. Patients with malnutrition had a 3-fold increased risk of hospital admission and outbreak of severe infection during the 6-month follow-ups. In addition, malnourished patients had a 3. 5-fold higher risk of poor pain control and a 4. 4-fold increased need for more opioid doses. They also had a 2. 6-fold elevated risk of infection and a 2. 5-fold increased risk of needing or discontinuation of cancer therapy. The 6-month survival of malnourished patients in malnourished patients was significantly lower than in non-malnourished patients. Conclusions : Diagnoses of hunger, according to the GLIM guidelines in oncology patients undergoing active therapy predict increased complications and worse outcomes at 6-month follow-ups, making them a useful tool for determining the nutritional status of oncology patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10092201


A food-system approach to addressing food security and chronic child malnutrition in northern Vietnam

Anemia is present in nearly half of the local population of children under the age of 2, and nearly 20% of children under the age of two suffer stunted growth. As a way to intervene and combat chronic child hunger, especially in situations that necessitate rapid results, a Fortification of food products that are complementary to breast milk has been suggested. Our paper outlines how the ECOSUN project in northern Vietnam addressed food security and chronic child hunger by adopting a food-system approach to create and implement a competitive and sustainable value chain for fortified complementary foods. The initiative obtained locally grown crops from small-scale women farmers to produce inexpensive fortified complementary food products in a small-scale food processing plant through public-private partnerships. The ECOSUN project was also designed to contribute to the greater goal of improving the local economy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.019

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions