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Magnetic-resonance Imaging - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 04 December 2022

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Biomarkers of Myocardial Fibrosis in Diabetes, Echocardiography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Diabetes mellitus is a form of cardiomyopathy. DM-related heart disease can be exacerbated by ischemic heart disease or strictly related to DM-related myocardial abnormalities. The left ventricle of patients with type 2 DM becomes swollen with concentric remodeling. During strain, myocardial blood flow rises by threefold, when it is normal fivefold. Myocardial fibrosis and maximal myocardial blood flow are closely related, and in some patients, virtual u201cislands of fibrosisu201d can be identified. paraphrasedoutput:u201d Cardiomyopathy in the autopsy studies defining u201cdiabetic cardiomyopathy,'u201d Longitudinal research is now being carried out to determine the importance of myocardial hypoperfusion and myocardial fibrosis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08014-2_45


A Novel Approach to Utilization of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in High-Dose-Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy

A common radiotherapy treatment for treating gynecological and skin cancers is high-dose brachytherapy. Moving the radioactive isotope through catheters on various types of applicators is limited to localized delivery of the radiation. Accurate detection of catheter position is crucial for developing a medical plan and administering the intended dose to the intended dose. Hence, imaging has become a vital component in the process of HDR brachytherapy. The most common imaging technique for catheter reconstruction has been computer tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging captures soft tissue samples, but no such comparison is available for reconstruction. MRI does not exist in the latest HDR brachytherapy program for skin cancer. Both CT and MRI are used for catheter reconstruction and tissue segmentation, respectively, in Gynecological cancer therapy. The ability to reconstruct catheters on MRI may eliminate CT from the existing workflow and allows for both catheter repair and tissue segmentation with a single imaging device.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-19499-3_15


Concomitant tuberculosis of the iliotibial band mimicking a soft tissue tumor and tuberculous trochanteric bursitis: a case report emphasizing on magnetic resonance imaging findings

Multiple myeloma patients with TB and myeloma have a higher mortality risk than those without TB, with a higher mortality risk for TB and myeloma patients with TB. Low T2 signals in the cystic fluid lesion, a dark T2 signal rim, and peripheral rim enhancement were among the characteristic magnetic resonance imaging findings in this study. Even if chest radiographs are normal, extrapulmonary TB may have been anticipated if the abovementioned results were found in immunocompromised patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-022-04147-w


Classification of Brain Tumor of Magnetic Resonance Images Using Convolutional Neural Network Approach

The impact of brain tumors in medical field cannot be dismissed, and it may lead to a short life in their highest grade. Normally, multiple image processing methods, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, are being used to localize and determine the size and tumor in a brain. A simple yet robust classification of brain tumor using convolutional neural networks is suggested in this study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-3391-2_27


Estimation of glomerular filtration rate in a pediatric population using non-contrast kidney phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging

By 125I-iothalamate clearance in youth undergoing bone marrow transplantation, we established the relationship between GFR estimated by using phase-contrast MRI biomarkers and GFR by 125I-iothalamate clearance in youth undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Methods of Study BMT Candidates For A research kidney PC-MRI, a total of twenty-one pediatric BMT candidates were selected. Average heart rate during imaging, peak aorta flow below the kidney artery vein blood flow, average peak kidney vein blood flow, and average kidney vein blood flow were all estimated by elastic net. GFR-MRI showed strong agreement with GFR by 125I-iothalamate, which was higher than what was seen with eGFR by the full age range and Chronic Kidney Disease in Children under the age of 25 years old. Conclusion in this pilot study Noninvasive GFR-MRI in youth scheduled for BMT showed good compliance with gold standard GFR in this pilot study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-022-05832-7


Magnetic resonance imaging predictors (cartilage, osteophytes and meniscus) of prevalent and 3-year incident medial and lateral tibiofemoral knee joint tenderness and patellofemoral grind

Objective: Objectives: Objective: To determine magnetic resonance imaging predictors of a common and 3-year incident medial tibiofemoral and lateral tibiofemoral knee joint tenderness and patellofemoral grind. Methods A baseline, three- and seven-year comparisons were analyzed for a population-based knee pain cohort aged 40 to 201379. The estimation equations models that predicted three years were also adjusted for individual follow-up time between cycles, which were also adjusted for individual follow-up time between cycles. BMI, female femoral cartilage, femoral cartilage, and breast femoral cartilage femoral cartilage femoral cartilage femoral cartilage, Predictors of persistent MTF tenderness: medial femoral cartilage, female, BMI. In the completely adjusted model, there were no predictors of widespread PF grind. In the age-sex-BMI adjusted model, medial patellar osteophytes was also predictive. There were no predictors of a 3-year MTF tenderness event. lateral patellar osteophytes of a 3-year incident in the PF grind. Patellar cartilage was also a predictor in the age-sex-BMI adjusted model. We investigated potential MRI predictors of a common and 3-year MTF/LTF knee joint pain and PF grind.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-022-06033-x


Magnetic resonance imaging appearance of breaststroker’s knee

Breaststrokeru2019s knee injury is due to similar repetitive swimming movements in competitive swimmers that have been discussed in the orthopedic literature. The typical signs are medial knee pains with tenderness to palpation of the tibial collateral ligament or inferomedial patella. We present a case of medial knee pain in a young breaststroke swimmer with magnetic resonance imaging findings of marrow edema in the medial femoral condyle's anterior portion of the medial femoral condyle.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-022-05407-6


Texture analysis of conventional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging for distinguishing sinonasal non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma from squamous cell carcinoma

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the value of texture analysis of conventional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis between sinonasal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Methods Forty-two patients with sinonasal SCC and 30 patients with NHL were retrospectively admitted. In the sinonasal NHL team, the mean value and entropy of ADC were significantly lower than those in the SCC group, as well as the mean value of contrast-enhanced T1WI. According to a logistic regression review, the entropy of ADC was the determining factor for differentiating sinonasal NHL from SCC.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-022-07493-6

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions