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Local anaesthetic - PubMed

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Last Updated: 26 July 2022

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Mandibular morphometry applied to local anaesthetic blockage in the capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris).

The aim of this report was to describe the capybara's mandibular morphometry with a focus on the synthesis of anatomic references for an inferior alveolar and mental nerve block. In young and adult capybaras, the mandibular foramen had a dorsoventral diameter of 2. 1 mm, and 2. 2 mm in adult capybaras, and it was found ventrally to the third molar tooth. The needle should be introduced obliquely 63. 5 and 77. 4 mm from the angular process in young and adult capybaras, respectively. In an additional surgical treatment, the needle should be introduced perceptively 20. 8 mm in young and 26. 3 mm in adult animals from the ventral margin of the capybara mandible. In capybaras, the results of this study show that the age group should be taken into account when constructing the anaesthetic block of the inferior alpine and mental nerves.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12836


Successful treatment of local anaesthetic toxicity using intralipid 20% emulsion following intrathoracic bupivacaine overdose in a cat.

An 8. 75-year-old male neutered Burmese cat was referred for pyothorax treatment. After the administration of intravenous lipid emulsion as an intravenous bolus, clinical signs improved, followed by a steady rate of infusion.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/20551169221104552


Comparison of ultra-low, low and high concentration local anaesthetic for labour epidural analgesia: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

This network meta-analysis examined whether further lowering the presence of local anaesthetic will improve maternal and neonatal outcomes while also compromising analgesia. As the dose increased, the total dose of local anaesthetic was increased; ultra-low in comparison to low and low in comparison to high groups; however, there was no difference in the number of rescue top-ups administered between the two groups. Compared to high concentration, ultra-low concentration local anaesthetic was found to be increased risk of spontaneous vaping delivery, reduced motor block, and reduced the duration of the second stage of labor. Compared to low, ultra-low concentration local anaesthetic's duration of labor, the second stage of labour was similar; spontaneous vaping delivery OR 1. 07 [0. 75 to 1. 56]; pain; and maternal relief; and maternal relief.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.15756

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions